Google mobile services
This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Google Mobile Services (GMS) is a collection of proprietary applications and application programming interfaces (APIs) services from Google. GMS is used by manufacturers of Android devices, such as smartphones, tablets, and smart TVs. GMS are the Android Applications developed by Google for manufacturers of Android that often come pre−installed on Android devices. GMS is not a part of the Android Open Source Project (AOSP), which means an Android manufacturer needs to obtain a license from Google in order to legally pre−install GMS on an Android device. This license is provided by Google without any license fees.
GMS consists of two parts; a popular bundle package and an other bundle package. In order to gain a license for GMS, the popular bundle package needs to be pre−installed by Android device manufactures, which are usually called pre-loaded apps.
Popular bundled GMS apps
The Google Search App is the fastest way to use Google's search engine.
Google Chrome is a web browser. It allows users to surf the web simply and easily.
YouTube is an online site which allows people to share and view videos. All the users subscriptions and videos will automatically be synchronised to their Google accounts, for easy access across all devices.
Google Play Store
The Google Play Store is an app store that encompasses 2. 7 million apps and is the included and default app store for Android devices with GMS.
Other bundled GMS apps
Reception, competitors, and regulators
Numerous European firms filed a complaint to the European Commission stating that Google had manipulated their power and dominance within the market to push their Services to be used by phone manufacturers. The firms were joined together under the name FairSearch, and the main firms included were Microsoft, Expedia, TripAdvisor, Nokia and Oracle. FairSearch's major problem with Google's practices was that they believed Google were forcing phone manufacturers to use their Mobile Services. They claimed Google managed this by asking these manufacturers to sign a contract stating that they must preinstall specific Google Mobile Services, such As Maps, Search and YouTube, In order to get the latest version of Android. Google swiftly responded stating that they "continue to work Co-operatively with the European Commission".
The third-party Android app store Aptoide also filed an EU competition complaint against Google once again stating that they are misusing their power within the market. Aptoide alleged that Google was blocking third-party app stores from being on Google Play, as well as blocking Google Chrome from downloading any third-party apps and app stores. As of June 2014, Google had not responded to these allegations.
Abuse of Android Dominance
In May 2019, Umar Javeed, Sukarma Thapar, Aaqib Javeed vs. Google LLC & Ors. the Competition Commission of India ordered an antitrust probe against Google for abusing its dominant position with Android to block market rivals. In Prima Facie opinion the commission held, Mandatory Pre-installation of entire Google Mobile Services (GMS) suite under Mobile application distribution agreements MADA amounts to imposition of unfair condition on the device manufacturers.
At the same time, Google faced problems with various European data protection agencies, most notably In the UK and France. The problem they faced was that they had a set of 60 rules merged into one, which allowed Google to "track users more closely". Google once again came out and stated that their new policies still abide by EU laws.
- −Mobile−Services-GMS "What is Google Mobile Services (GMS)? - Definition from WhatIs.com". SearchMobileComputing. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
- , Google Mobile Services, Motorola, 21 May 2014. Retrieved on 17October No2014.
- , Chrome. Retrieved on 17October 2014.
- , Youtube. Retrieved on 24October 2014.
- −use−of-android-has-been-anti-competitive/, Rivals claim Google's 'deceptive' use of Android has been anti-competitive, 9 April 2013. Retrieved on 19October 2014.
- −software−303817, European regulators training sights on Google's mobile software, 31 July 2014, Retrieved on 19October 2014.
- , Microsoft accuses Google of pushing services to Android, 9 April 2013, Retrieved on 19October 2014.
- −faces-Eu−competition-complaint-over-android-apps-7000030666/, Google faces EU competition complaint over Android apps, Liam Tung, 18 June 2014, Retrieved on 19October 2014.
- Edelman, Benjamin G. (12 May 2014). "Does Google Leverage Market Power Through Tying and Bundling?". Rochester, NY. doi:10.2139/ssrn.2436940. Cite journal requires