Google Street View in Israel

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Google Car in Jerusalem

Google Street View began in Israel in April 2012. Israel is the first country in the Middle East to see non-museum Street View. First, on April 3, the interior of the Israel Museum was introduced. Then on April 19, three days ahead of the planned formal launch, Jerusalem and the country's two largest cites, Tel Aviv, and Haifa, along with a number of other landmarks, came public.[1][2] On January 16, 2013, dozens of cities and towns around Israel, along with some road connections, were added.[3] While seen as a boost to tourism in the country, the feature has also brought up concerns that it could aid terrorists, which have been addressed.[4] The imagery even offers views of some contested sites.[5]

Background[edit]

When Street View was originally considered for Israel in 2011, multiple concerns arose, particularly with security, since Israel has had a long history of terrorist attacks. US law already restricts the resolution of satellite imagery taken of several countries, including Israel, for the protection of security of those countries.[6] Israeli officials authorized Street View after three months of negotiations to define conditions to protect privacy.[1] Consideration favoring Street View was that it would provide a boost to the economy by boosting tourism.[7][8]

The Israeli government has permitted Street View to be in the country provided the following conditions have been met:

  • Allowing any court cases related to Street View to take place in Israeli courts
  • Google will not challenge Israeli law
  • Google provides a method for users to request images be blurred or removed
  • Google must inform the public in advance of its planned routes.
  • Images would not reveal license plate numbers or home addresses and would obscure the faces of people on streets[1]

The Israeli Intelligence Minister refused to divulge details in the final security arrangement that was made.[9]

Filming of Street View in Israel began in September 2011.[1] This included the use of tricycles to film areas of the Old City and other paths not accessible by motor vehicles.[10]

Timeline of introductions[edit]

Date Major locations added
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 Israel Museum through Google Art Project
Thursday, April 19, 2012 Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Haifa, and some landmarks as Jerusalem Biblical Zoo, Ramat Gan Safari, Mini Israel, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Kafr Kanna, Kibbutz Merhavia, Nahsholim
Wednesday, September 5, 2012 Hebrew University Agriculture Faculty in Rehovot, Bar-Ilan University, Haifa University
Wednesday, January 16, 2013 Rishon LeZion, Petah Tikva, Ashdod, Beersheba, Holon, Bnei Brak, Ramat Gan, Rehovot, Ashkelon, Herzliya, Kfar Saba, Hadera, Nazareth, Ra'anana, Rahat, Nahariya, Kiryat Ata, Eilat, Hod HaSharon, Acre, Karmiel, Tiberias, Afula and more

Areas included[edit]

Online already[edit]

Region Major cities/areas
Northern District Nazareth, Karmiel, Nahariyya, Ma'alot-Tarshiha, Beit She'an, Rosh Pinna, Safed, Tiberias, Acre, Afula, Migdal HaEmek, Sakhnin and more
Haifa District Haifa, Hadera, Nesher, Kiryat Yam, Kiryat Motzkin, Kiryat Ata, Yokneam, Zikhron Ya'akov, Or Akiva, Daliyat al-Karmel, Shfaram, Tamra and more
Central District Rishon LeZion, Petah Tikva, Yehud, Kfar Saba, Ra'anana, Netanya, Ramla, Lod, Rehovot, Rosh HaAyin, Hod Hasharon, Yavne and more
Tel Aviv District Full or partial coverage of any city or town
Jerusalem District Jerusalem, Mini Israel, Jerusalem Biblical Zoo, Israel Museum
Southern District Beersheba, Ashdod, Ashkelon, Kiryat Gat, Sderot, Netivot, Ofakim, Kiryat Malachi, Rahat, Dimona, Yeruham, Ein Bokek, Mizpe Ramon, Eilat and more

Future[edit]

Region Major cities/areas
Haifa District Ar'ara, Baqa-Jatt, Umm al-Fahm and more
Central District Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut, Kokhav Ya'ir, Ariel, Taibe and more
Northern District Kiryat Shmona and more
Jerusalem District Ma'ale Adumim, Beitar Illit, Mevaseret Zion and more

Issues[edit]

There was much controversy surrounding bringing Street View to Israel. The main one was the fear that terrorists could use the feature to plan attacks. Palestinian militants have previously admitted to using Google Maps to help plan attacks.[2]

A public poll found that 70% of Israelis support Street View.[2]

Google Israel CEO Meir Brand stated that the areas that the filming was not politically motivated, the areas that would be photographed would be accessible to the public, and that there would be sensitivity to cultural and security needs.[10]

Tel Aviv mayor Ron Huldai does not see Street View as a security concern, stating that numerous terrorist attacks have already occurred without the aid of Street View, and therefore, Street View is not needed as a terrorist tool.[11]

Still, Israeli Street View has faced some opposition. Mordechai Kedar, a former member of Israeli intelligence, believes militants will use street view to help plan attacks.[11]

Military intelligence expert Ron Ben Yishai expressed his discomfort in the service to CNN reporters. He stated that it allows terrorists to use the tool to study their intended target in detail, which could include his own home.[12]

Google was criticized by Ultra-Orthodox Jews for filming that took place on the holy day of Rosh Hashanah, and subsequently agreed not to engage in filming on future Jewish holy days or to use the images of Ultra-Orthodox Jews that were captured on Rosh Hashanah.[13]

The images taken have revealed political tensions in the region. For example, right-winged activist Aryeh King, who supports Israeli development in East Jerusalem, was filmed standing with his trademark scooter in front of his East Jerusalem home that he won the rights to in court.[13]

Some Israelis complained that Street View revealed a secret military base in Tel Aviv. But the Israeli Defense Force stated that the base was not secret and that everything was fine.[14]

A month after Street View images were released to the public, it was revealed that military intelligence monitored the Street View project. The military determined whether Google's crew could enter off-limits or restricted access areas that required pre-screening.[15]

Filming in the West Bank[edit]

One of the concerns that has been brought up has been the filming of streets in Israeli-occupied territories in the West Bank. Drivers told the public they were forbidden to disclose their destinations or to enter illegal outposts. Google had no plans to provide drivers with fortified cars to protect them from rock throwing or other similar attacks.[16]

Google has stated that it intends to provide the Street View service in as many countries as possible, including those in the Middle East.[16]

In October 2012, cars were spotted in the town of Kiryat Arba.[17] Google has stated its intentions to film many Israeli settlements and cities in the West Bank.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Elad Benari (April 20, 2012). "Google Street View in Israel Three Days Early". Israel National News. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Matt McGee (April 19, 2012). "Google Street View Images Now Online In Israel". SearchEngineLand. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  3. ^ Google (January 16, 2013). "Discover Israel on Google Maps". Retrieved 17 January 2013. 
  4. ^ Anav Silverman (May 1, 2012). "Google Street View in Israel: Tourists vs. Terrorists?". Huffington Post. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  5. ^ Cheslow, Daniella (April 22, 2012). "Google Street View comes to Israel". Associated Press. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  6. ^ Stefan Geens (June 15, 2011). "Whither high-resolution satellite imagery of Israel?". Ogle Earth. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  7. ^ Sam Ser (April 20, 2012). "Google Street View images of Israel go online". Times of Israel. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  8. ^ Roy Goldenberg (12 September 2011). "Google begins collecting Israel images for Street View". Globes. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  9. ^ Daniel Estrin (August 22, 2011). "Dropping concern, Israel allows Google Street View". UT San Diego News. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  10. ^ a b Inbal Bornzweig (September 12, 2011). "Google Israel launches Street View project". Haaretz. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  11. ^ a b Daniella Cheslow (April 22, 2012). "Google Street View Comes To Israel". Huffington Post. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  12. ^ Elise Labott and Guy Azriel (April 27, 2012). "Israel sees potential and threat with Google program". CNN. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  13. ^ a b Nir Hasson (April 23, 2012). "Google Street View catches the beauty and hardships of Jerusalem's Old City". Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  14. ^ Matt McGee (May 4, 2012). "Google Street View Shows ‘Secret Base’ In Israel, But Military Says It’s Not Secret At All". Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  15. ^ "Military Intelligence Mointored 'Google Street View' Project In Israel". May 17, 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  16. ^ a b c Itamar Fleishman (September 25, 2012). "Google cameras cross Green Line". YNetNews. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Google Street View arrives in West Bank settlement". Jerusalem Post. October 11, 2012. Retrieved December 3, 2012.