Gooty

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Gooty
Gooty fort
Gooty is located in Andhra Pradesh
Gooty
Gooty
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 15°07′16″N 77°38′02″E / 15.121°N 77.634°E / 15.121; 77.634Coordinates: 15°07′16″N 77°38′02″E / 15.121°N 77.634°E / 15.121; 77.634
CountryIndia
StateAndhra Pradesh
DistrictAnantapur
Area
 • Total34.84 km2 (13.45 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total48,658
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
Vehicle registrationAP
Websitegooty.cdma.ap.gov.in/en
Gooty fort far view

Gooty (/ˈɡʊθɪ/ GUUTH-ee) is a town in Anantapur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Gooty mandal in Anantapur revenue division.[3][4] The town is renowned for the Gooty hill fort.[5][6]

Geography[edit]

Gooty is located at 15°07′N 77°38′E / 15.12°N 77.63°E / 15.12; 77.63, at a distance of 52 km from Anantapur. It has an average elevation of 345 metres (1131 feet).

Earlier, Gooty was under the Vijayanagara empire, later they abandoned Gooty fort, Maratas took over fort they ruled through sandoor Gorpades till British left India.

History[edit]

Eight inscriptions have been found on the rocks close to the Narasimha temple located within the fort premises. These inscriptions are seriously damaged, but appear to be from the reign of the Western Chalukya king Vikramaditya VI (r. c. 1076-1126 CE). The earliest of the existing fortifications and other structures can be dated to the late Chalukya period.[7]

The fort later came under the control of the Vijayanagara Empire. During the reign of Venkata II (r. c. 1584-1614), the Vijayanagara lost the fort to the Qutb Shahi dynasty. The Mughals appear to have controlled the fort after their conquest of the Qutb Shahi capital Golconda. Around 1746 CE, the Maratha general Murari Rao captured the fort, and made it his permanent residence eight years later. He repaired the fort, and commissioned the stucco ornamentation of the small gateways.[7]

In 1775 CE, the Mysore ruler Hyder Ali attacked and besieged the fort. After two months, Murari Rao was forced to surrender, as he ran out of water supplies. The fort later came under the control of the East India Company. Its administrator Thomas Munro was buried at the cemetery located at the foothill.[7]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census, had a population of 48,658. The total population constitute, 23,943 males and 24,715 females —a sex ratio of 1032 females per 1000 males. 5,216 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 2,662 are boys and 2,554 are girls —a ratio of 959 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 76.91% with 33,411 literates.[2]

Government and politics[edit]

Gooty was constituted as III-Grade municipality on 3 September 2011.[8] The total income earned per annum for the FY (2010–2011) was 161.46 crore (US$23 million) and the expenditure spent by the municipality for the same year was 173.11 crore (US$24 million).[9]

Transport[edit]

Bus and train facilities available to the major Citys Bangalore, Hyderabad, chennai. The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Gooty bus station.[10] Gooty railway station is located on the Guntakal–Chennai Egmore section, which is part of MumbaiChennai railway route, it is home to one of the 5 diesel locomotive sheds in the South Central Railways (SCR). Gooty Junction railway station is situated on the BangaloreHyderabad National Highway 7 (India)(old numbering)or 44, Ankola – Bellary – Gooty National Highway NH 63, Gulbarga – Gooty National Highway (In Process w.e.f 23/01/2014). Diesel Loco Shed, Gooty is home to diesel locomotives of the ALCO WDG2A, WDG3A, WDM3A and WDM3D classes.[11]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the Andhrapradesh. Higher education facility bachelor degree (BTech,Bsc,Bcom,BA) / master degree(MCA,MBA).[12][13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations & UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  3. ^ "District Census Handbook – Chittoor" (PDF). Census of India. p. 15,192. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
  4. ^ "Anantapur District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. p. 375. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  5. ^ "Historic Gooty fort in need of renovation". The Hindu. Anantapur. 7 June 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 June 2016. Retrieved 15 June 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ a b c "Monuments in Anantpur". Archaeological Survey of India, Hyderabad Circle. Archived from the original on 14 June 2016. Retrieved 10 November 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ "Basic Information of Municipality". Commissioner and Directorate of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  9. ^ "Basic Information of Municipality". Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  10. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  11. ^ "Railway Operation, see Q. Are there any special requirements for locos to work ghat sections?". Indian Railway Fan Club. Retrieved 21 November 2012. External link in |work= (help)
  12. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  13. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.