|Born||9 September 1935|
|Died||April 23, 2002
|Education||University of Malaya
Royal London Hospital Medical College
|Relatives||Baratham Ramaswamy Sreenivasan (Father)|
|Institutions||Department of Neurosurgery, University of Edinburgh
Tan Tock Seng Hospital
|Notable prizes||1991: Southeast Asia Write Award|
Gopal Baratham (9 September 1935 - 23 April 2002) was a Singaporean author and neurosurgeon. He was known for his frank style and his ability to write about topics that were often considered controversial in the conservative city-state.
Born to a physician and a nurse, Baratham decided to follow his parents and entered the medical profession. However, his youth was marked by the experience of the Japanese occupation. In 1954 he registered at the Medical College of the University of Malaya, Singapore, and, after studying at the Royal London Hospital in 1965, he entered the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Edinburgh in 1969. He finished his studies by 1972, when he was already 36 years old, to become a surgeon at the Thomson Road General Hospital in Singapore. He headed the Neurosurgery Department at the Tan Tock Seng Hospital between 1984 and 1987, and went into private practice after relinquishing his post as department head. He retired full-time from medical practice in 1999.
Baratham died of pneumonia on 23 April 2002, aged 66. Baratham had been in hospital for about a month for pneumonia and heart problems. He had had open-heart surgery in 1989.
Baratham began his passion for writing in the 1960s, and never stopped writing throughout his medical career. His first novel, Fuel in Vacant Lots, was however never finished. In 1974 he was able to get his first short story, "Island", published in Commentary, the publication of the National University of Singapore Society.
It was only in 1981 that his first book collection of short stories entitled Figments of Experience was published.
In 1991, Dr. Baratham published his most successful novel, A Candle or the Sun, which he had started working on in 1983. The novel was published in London and not in Singapore due to its controversial nature. The novel was loosely based on Operation Spectrum, the case of the so-called Marxist conspiracy, a group of Catholic activists whom the Singapore government had declared to be Communists and subsequently arrested. The same year he also published an erotic love-story called Sayang set in Singapore, Malaysia, and Indonesia. He won the S.E.A. Write Award  and was elected the president of the ASEAN Association of Neurosurgeons.
In 2014, Baratham was the focus of the Singapore Writers Festival Literary Pioneer Showcase. "A Tribute to Gopal Baratham" comprised a dramatised reading of excerpts from Baratham's short stories by the Big Bad Wolf theatre company, a forum discussing Baratham’s literary legacy featuring poet Kirpal Singh, editor Mindy Pang and writer Crispin Rodrigues, and a short film adaptation of Baratham's short story "'Homecoming'" by director Wee Li Lin.
- National Book Development Council of Singapore (NBDCS) Highly Commended Book Award - Figments of Experience (1982)
- National Book Development Council of Singapore (NBDCS) Commended Book Award - People Make You Cry and Other Stories (1990)
- S.E.A. Write Award (1991)
Short story collections
- Figments of Experience (1981, Times Books International) ISBN 9971650940
- People Make You Cry and Other Stories (1988, Times Books International) ISBN 9971655063
- Love Letter and Other Stories (1988, Times Books International) ISBN 9971655098
- Memories that Glow in the Dark (1995, PipalTree Pub.) ISBN 9810062060
- The City of Forgetting: The Collected Stories of Gopal Baratham (2001, Times Books International) ISBN 9812321438
- Collected Short Stories (2014, Marshall Cavendish) ISBN 9789814351140
- A Candle or The Sun (1991, Serpent's Tail; 1992, Penguin; 2014, Marshall Cavendish) ISBN 1852422254 ISBN 0140148175 ISBN 9789814351355
- Sayang (1991, Times Books International; 2014, Marshall Cavendish) ISBN 9812042911 ISBN 9789814328609
- Moonrise, Sunset (1996, Serpent's Tail; 2014, Marshall Cavendish) ISBN 1852425016 ISBN 9789814351362
- Of Memory and Desire: The stories of Gopal Baratham by Ban Kah Choon (2000, Times Books International) ISBN 9812320830
- Gwee Li Sui, ed. Written Country: The History of Singapore through Literature (2016, Landmark Publications) ISBN 9789814189668
- Fuel In Vacant Lots (1977)
- Beads in a Sutra
|Library resources about
|By Gopal Baratham|
- Biography of Gopal Baratham by the National Library Board Singapore
- Gopal Baratham: A Retrospective by Teng Qian Xi
- Review by Koh, Buck Song, "Light, love, liberty" The Straits Times, 31 August 1991
- Koh, Buck Song, "Neurosurgeon wins literary award" The Straits Times 13 July 1991
- "SWF Literary Pioneer: A Tribute to Gopal Baratham". Singapore Writers Festival. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
- "Off the Page: Utter 2014 Screening (2 Films)". Singapore Writers Festival. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
- Shetty, Deepika (10 November 2014). "Rediscovering Singapore's literary pioneer". Singapore Press Holdings. The Straits Times. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
- Nanda, Akshita. "10 Singapore stories to ponder". The Straits Times. Singapore Press Holdings. Retrieved 28 January 2015.