Gopal Chandra Bhattacharya

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Gopal Chandra Bhattacharya
Born (1895-08-01)1 August 1895
Lonesing, Faridpur, Bengal, British India
Died 8 April 1981(1981-04-08) (aged 85)
Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Fields Entomologist, Botanist
Institutions Bose Institute, Kolkata
Notable awards Rabindra Puraskar, 1975
Ananda Puraskar, 1968

Gopal Chandra Bhattacharya (1 August 1895 – 8 April 1981) was an Indian entomologist and naturalist.

He published his first research papers in 1932, on life events in the body of plants. Subsequently, he also published work on bioluminescence and other botany topics, but gradually his interests shifted to entomology. He became an expert photographer, and photographed many varieties of ants, spiders, small bats and tadpoles.[1] In total, he published 22 papers in English, including journals such as the Natural History of the American Museum of Natural History.

Science popularization[edit]

In 1948 he worked with Satyendra Nath Bose (of Bose–Einstein statistics fame) to establish the Bangiya Vigyan Parishad (Bengal Science Council), a society for science research.

He won the Ananda Puraskar for Bengali literature in 1968, and the highest award for Bengali literature, the Rabindra Puraskar, in 1975.

In 1981, the University of Calcutta awarded him an honorary Doctor of Science degree[2] less than three months before he died.

Scientific findings[edit]

In 1940, possibly before the fact had been established among naturalists, Gopal Chandra published an article in the Transactions of the Bose Institute of Calcutta, outlining how the queen in social insects such as ants or bees, produces other queens, workers or soldiers, by appropriately altering the nature of the royal jelly fed to the larvae. His observations were based on the Indian variety of ants, Occophylia.[1]

The Gopal Chandra Bhattacharya Award[edit]

In 2005, the government of West Bengal instituted an award for science popularization in his name, the Gopal Chandra Bhattacharyya Smriti Puraskar.[3] In 2005, the entomologist Debashis Biswas[4] was awarded this prize for writing several books that describe the biology of mosquitoes and malaria prevention through stories.

Awards and citations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Amit Chakraborty (September 2002). "Gopal Chandra Bhattacharya: One Who Observed Insects" (PDF). Dream 2047: Monthly newsletter of Vigyan Prasar. 4:12: 19. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-04-12. 
  2. ^ a b "Annual Convocation". University of Calcutta. 
  3. ^ "Gopal Chandra Bhattacharya Award for science popularization". 
  4. ^ Jayanta Basu (January 9, 2006). "Mosquitoes and the man". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2008-10-10. 

External links[edit]

  • [1] Gopal Chandra Bhattacharya archives on bigyan.org.in - a popular science magazine in Bengali.