Gopalganj district, India

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For disambiguation, see Gopalganj.
Gopalganj district
गोपालगंज जिला
District of Bihar
Location of Gopalganj district in Bihar
Location of Gopalganj district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Saran
Headquarters [[Gopalganj]]
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Gopalganj
 • Assembly seats Baikunthpur, Barauli, Gopalganj, Kuchaikote, Bhore, Hathua
 • Total 4,000 km2 (2,000 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,558,037
 • Density 640/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Literacy 67.04 per cent
 • Sex ratio 1015
Major highways NH-28
Website Official website

Gopalganj is one of the administrative districts in the Indian state of Bihar. The district headquarters is the town of Gopalganj, and the district is part of Saran Division.[1] Major languages spoken are Bhojpuri, Urdu and Hindi.


Gopalganj became a fully-fledged district when it was split from Saran in 1976.[2]


Gopalganj district, India occupies an area of 2,033 square kilometres (785 sq mi),[3] comparatively equivalent to Spain's Tenerife Island.[4]

Geographical Location of Gopalganj district lies between 26° 12 to 26° 39 North latitudes 83° 54 to 84° 55 East longitudes. The district occupies an area of 2033 km² and has population of 2,149,343 (as of 2001).

Adjoining districts[edit]

  • North: East & West Champaran District
  • South: Siwan & Chappra District
  • East: East Champaran & Muzaffarpur District
  • West: (Deoria & Kushinagar) Uttar Pradesh


In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Gopalganj one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the 38 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5]


According to the 2011 census Gopalganj district, India has a population of 2,558,037,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[7] or the US state of Nevada.[8] This gives it a ranking of 163rd in India (out of a total of 640).[6] The district has a population density of 1,258 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,260/sq mi) .[6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.83%.[6] Gopalganj has a sex ratio of 1015 females for every 1000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of 67.04%.[6]

Based on the 2010 census:

  • Population: 2,558,037 (2.62% of the state)[9]
  • Density of population: 1258
  • Men: 1,269,677 (49.89%)
  • Women: 1,288,360 (50.12%)
  • Urban population: 130,536 (6.07%)
  • Rural population: 2,018,807 (93.93%)
  •  % of Scheduled castes: 12.43%
  •  % of Scheduled tribes: 0.29%


Abdul Gafoor was a politician who became the Chief Minister of Bihar.

Laloo Prasad Yadav and his wife Smt. Rabri Devi are also from the same district.


Initially Gopalganj had little to offer in terms of good quality education to its residents. Presently Schools and colleges in the city are either run by the government or by private trusts and individuals. The schools are each affiliated with either the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), or the Bihar School Examination Board.[10] English is the medium of instruction in most private schools; though government run schools offer both English and Hindi. After completing their secondary education, which involves ten years of schooling, students typically enroll at Higher Secondary School in one of the three streams—Arts, Commerce or Science.

Health services[edit]

The city has 17 hospitals, 19 primary health centres, and 80 sub-centres. The district has a network of government-run health facilities consisting of the district hospital, rural hospitals, primary health centres, sub-centres and dispensaries provide basic healthcare to the rural population.

The city has good communication facilities also. It has a fully computerized head post office and other 41 branch post offices, 11 telegraph offices and many telecom service providers like Aircel, Airtel, Idea cellular, Vodafone, Uninor, MTS, S-Tel, Tata Indicom, Docomo, Reliance Infocomm, and the state owned BSNL.


There is also a local FM radio station named Radio Rimjhim and TV broadcasting channel.There are over five cinema halls that screen movies in Bhojpuri and Hindi, the first of which, Janta Cinema, was set up in 1958, by Mr. Phuldeo Prasad,Saraswati Cinema at Jadopur Chowke and Shyam Cinema Hall. Popular news papers include Dainik Jagran, Dainik Hindustan, Aaj, Prabhat Khabar, Hindustan Times, Sahara Samay, Times of India, etc. .gopalganj is situated on gandak river.


The city owns indoor and outdoor stadiums namely Ambedkar Bhavan and Minz Stadium respectively.


Languages Bhojpuri with almost 40 000 000 speakers, written in the Devanagari scripts.[11]

Notable persons[edit]

Notable persons hailing from Gopalganj include:


  1. ^ "Welcome GOPALGANJ". 2011-07-21. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  2. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  3. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  4. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Tenerife2,034km2 
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Kuwait 2,595,62 
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Nevada 2,700,551 
  9. ^ "Gopalganj District At a Glance". 2011-07-21. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  10. ^ "Bihar School Examination Board". 2010-12-03. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  11. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°27′55″N 84°26′30″E / 26.4654°N 84.4416°E / 26.4654; 84.4416