Gopher frog

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For the critically endangered frog, see Mississippi gopher frog.
Gopher frog
Rana capito.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Genus: Rana
Species: R. capito
Binomial name
Rana capito
LeConte, 1855

The gopher frog (Rana capito) is a species of frog in the Ranidae family, endemic to the Southeastern United States. It primarily inhabits the threatened sandhill communities, flatwoods, and scrub in the Atlantic coastal plain,[1] where it is usually found near ponds.[2]


Its two subspecies include the Carolina gopher frog (R. c. capito), and Florida gopher frog (R. c. aesopus). The dusky gopher frog (R. sevosa) had previously been considered a subspecies, but was elevated to species status in 2001.[3]

Conservation status[edit]

Its primary threats include loss of habitat and fire suppression. It is entirely dependent upon small vernal pools for its annual reproduction.[4] These pools in pine flatwoods are being lost to development, and to fire suppression, which allows forests to invade the natural savanna habitat. Hence, prescribed burns and habitat acquisition are considered key management strategies for its survival.[5]


  1. ^ United States Geological Survey. "Rana capito". Retrieved 2007-09-04. 
  2. ^ Georgia Museum of Natural History. "Gopher Frog (Rana capito)". Archived from the original on October 18, 2006. Retrieved 2007-09-04. 
  3. ^ Stephen C. Richter and Rebecca A. Doubledee (2001). "Rana sevosa". AmphibiaWeb. Retrieved 2008-08-05. 
  4. ^ Richter, S. C., Young, J. E., Johnson, G. N., and Seigel, R. A. (2003). Stochastic variation in reproductive success of a rare frog, Rana sevosa: implications for conservation and for monitoring amphibian populations. Biological Conservation 111: 171–7.
  5. ^ Florida Natural Areas Inventory (2001). "Gopher Frog (Rana capito)" (PDF). Field Guide to the Rare Animals of Florida. Retrieved 2007-09-04. 


External links[edit]