Gopnik (Russian: го́пник, IPA: [ˈɡopnʲɪk]) is a pejorative stereotype describing a particular subculture in Russia, former Soviet republics, and Russian-speakers in East Slavic countries to refer to young men or women of sometimes lower-class suburban areas (usually under 25 years of age) coming from families of poor education and income (sometimes), somewhat similar to American hoodlums, British chavs, Australian bogans, Scottish neds , Dutch plebs, Icelandic slæpingjar, Brazilian favelados, Polish Dresy and Norwegian Harrys. The female form is gopnitsa (Russian: го́пница), and the collective noun is gopota (Russian: гопота́).
However, it could also be related to GOP, the acronym for the Gorodskoye Obshchestvo Prizreniya. These were almshouses for the destitute created by the Bolshevik government after the October Revolution in 1917. According to Dahl's Explanatory Dictionary, a Russian explanatory dictionary (first published in the 19th century), an old slang word for "sleeping on street" was "гопать" (literally, "to gop") something that was related to the "mazuricks" or the criminals of Saint Petersburg.
Stereotypical appearance and behaviour
Gopniks are often seen squatting in groups ("in court" (на корта́х), "at the pictures" (на карташах), "doing the crab" (на крабе)) outside blocks of flats or schools. It is described as a learned behavior attributed to Russian prison culture to avoid sitting on the cold ground. Gopniks usually wear Adidas tracksuits, due to them being popularised by the 1980 Moscow Olympics Soviet team. Sunflower seeds (colloquially semyon (семки), semki (сэмки) or semachki (семечки)) are habitually eaten by Gopniks. Consumption creates piles of discarded seed husks in Belarus known as splovvayutstsa (сплёўваюцца). They typically drink vodka out of plastic cups. They are stereotypically enemies of punks and tusovka.
- Russian plural гопники (gopniki), also гопота (gopota), and гопари (gopari).
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- Media related to Gopnik at Wikimedia Commons
- Фима Жиганец. Жемчужины босяцкой речи. Ростов-на-Дону, "Феникс", 1999. ISBN 5-222-00958-0[need quotation to verify]
- Потапов С.М. Словарь жаргона преступников. Блатная музыка. Народный комиссариат внутренних дел, 1990.[need quotation to verify]
- Владимир Козлов. Гопники. Ад Маргинем, 2003. ISBN 5-93321-041-2[need quotation to verify]