The word itself is an associative usage of an untranslatable Russian word for the slice from a loaf of bread which contains mostly the crust. If the loaf is round, the shape resembles a hump (Russian: горб). The word has many cultural associations in Russia. Before the year 2001 the name "Gorbushka" referred to an open-air black market for software, music, videos and electronics. The market was in the city square by the Gorbunov Palace of Culture ( ДК имени Горбунова), hence the name.
The market dealt mostly in unlicensed music and software CDs, videos, gaming consoles with mod chips, as well as video games. Due to the copyright infringement issues Gorbushka was in sights of the government for a long time. The market closed in 2001.
In its place a more legal shopping center Gorbushkin dvor was opened. However, inexpensive unlicensed CDs/DVDs are still perfectly available in this new shopping center.
- Gorbushka shopping center home page (Russian)
- Gorbushka without Piratery, a BBC article (Russian)
- Moscow targets media pirates, a BBC article (English)
- gorbushka.ru internet portal (Russian)
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