Gordon Byrom Rogers
|Gordon Byrom Rogers|
Rogers as a West Point Cadet from 1924 USMA Yearbook
August 22, 1901|
|Died||July 3, 1967
|Place of burial||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1924-1961|
|Commands held||3rd Cavalry Regiment
12th Cavalry Regiment
1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division
5th Cavalry Regiment
United States Military Advisory Group to the Republic of Korea
3rd Armored Division
Southern Area Command, West Germany
|Battles/wars||World War II
|Awards||Distinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Service Medal
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star Medal
Combat Infantryman's Badge
|Relations||Brigadier General Gordon B. Rogers, Jr. (son)|
|Other work||Director, NATO Mutual Weapons Development Team|
Gordon Byrom Rogers (August 22, 1901 – July 3, 1967) was a United States Army Lieutenant General who served in several command positions during World War II and the Korean War, including the United States Military Advisory Group to the Republic of Korea and the 3rd Armored Division.
Start of military career
During the 1930s Rogers served with the 10th and 2nd Cavalry Regiments.
In 1939 he graduated from the Army Command and General Staff College. He was then assigned to the 6th Cavalry at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, where he commanded a cavalry troop and then a cavalry squadron.
World War II
In February 1942 he joined the 3rd Cavalry Regiment at Ft. Benning, Georgia, and soon advanced to regimental commander. He was the final commander of the regiment as a horse cavalry formation, and in the summer of 1942 it fielded tanks and was reorganized as the 3rd Armored Regiment.
In July, 1942, Rogers was named deputy chief of staff for intelligence, G-2 at I Corps during training and mobilization in South Carolina, remaining with the Corps during its move to Australia and subsequent combat in the Pacific Ocean Theater.
Post World War II
Beginning in September, 1946 Rogers took part in the post-war occupation of Japan as commander of the 12th Cavalry Regiment (part of 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division), and the 5th Cavalry Regiment.
After briefly serving as deputy commander, in May, 1953 Rogers was named commander of the United States Military Advisory Group to the Republic of Korea, where he served until October, 1953. In this assignment Rogers was responsible for providing training and logistics support to the Republic of Korea Army.
Post Korean War
Following that assignment he was appointed commanding general of the 3rd Armored Division based at Fort Knox, Kentucky. During his command the division was reorganized from a training unit to a deployable one and plans were made to relocate it to West Germany.
Following his division command Rogers served in Munich, West Germany as commander of the Southern Area Command and deputy commander of the Seventh Army. In 1958 he advanced to commander of Seventh Army.
From 1959 until his 1961 retirement Rogers was deputy commander of the Continental Army Command at Fort Monroe, Virginia. In this position he chaired the Army Aircraft Requirements Review Board (or Rogers Board), which made recommendations contained in the Army's long term Aircraft Development Plan, as well as recommendations for the creation of air assault units.
Awards and decorations
General Rogers' awards included: the Distinguished Service Cross (two awards); Distinguished Service Medal; Silver Star (two awards); Legion of Merit (three awards); Purple Heart; Bronze Star Medal (two awards); and Combat Infantryman's Badge.
Retirement and death
In 1934 Rogers married Mary Louise Watson (1910–1963) in Washington, DC. One of their children, Gordon Byrom Rogers, Jr. (born October 21, 1934) graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1957. The younger Rogers was a career Army officer who served in the Vietnam War and attained the rank of Brigadier General.
In his memoir David Hackworth cites Rogers as an example of Korean War senior officers who received undeserved awards for valor. According to Hackworth, Rogers received the Silver Star for nothing more than spending a short time at a forward command post while serving as assistant division commander of the 40th Infantry Division. Hackworth indicated that his perception of this incident led him to decide that the military's awards process had become devalued, and that senior officers should almost never be recommended for valor medals.
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- Newspaper article, Third Cavalry Is Shifted From Ft. Myer to Georgia, New York Times, February 14, 1942
- Victory in Papua, Samuel Milner, 1957, Volume 2, Part 7, page 205
- Dear Miss Em: General Eichelberger's War in the Pacific, 1942-1945, by Jay Luvaas, 1972, page 40
- Our Jungle Road to Tokyo, by Robert L. Eichelberger, 1950, page 25
- Forged by Fire, by John F. Shortal, 1987, page 37
- War Department Staff Directory, United States Government Manual for 1945, published by U.S. Government Printing Office, 1945, page 250
- Preliminary Report, by Committee Appointed to Study War Department Intelligence Activities, November 3, 1945, page 1
- Occupation Diary, First Cavalry Division, by Charles A. Rogers, 1950, page 36
- Military Review magazine, published by U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 1951, Volume 30, page 116
- Of Responsible Command: A History of the U.S. Army War College, by Harry P. Ball, 1994, page 302
- Register of Graduates and Former Cadets, United States Military Academy, published by West Point Alumni Foundation, 1989, page 342
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- From Pusan to Panmunjom, by Paik Sun Yup, 1992, page 230
- Newspaper article, Rhee Decorates U. S. Aide, New York Times, October 25, 1953
- Armed Forces Journal International, 1955, Volume 92, Issues 27-52, page 810
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- Commanders of the 3d Armored Division 1941-1992, published by Association of 3rd Armored Division Veterans, accessed April 23, 2011
- Newspaper article, Army Command Change, Edison Township and Fords Beacon, July 2, 1958
- Assembly Magazine, published by West Point Alumni Association, Volumes 18-19, 1959, page 48
- Newspaper article, Army Command Shift in Europe, New York Times, June 13, 1958
- Conceptual Underpinnings of the Air Assault Concept, The Hogaboom, Rogers and Howze Boards, by Mark A. Olinger, published by the Institute of Land Warfare, Association of the United States Army, 2006, page 5
- Howard Hughes: His Life & Madness, by Donald L. Barlett and James B. Steele, 1979, page 352
- Vietnam Studies: Airmobility, 1961-1971, by Lieutenant General John Tolson, published by Department of the Army, 1973, page 8
- Newspaper article, Army Plans to Eliminate Foot Slogging Soldier, Chicago Tribune, August 10, 1960
- Newspaper article, Three Army Chiefs Shifted, New York Times, August 21, 1959
- Mutual Weapons Development Data Exchange Agreement Concerning Armored Vehicles, published by North Atlantic Treaty Organization, November 27, 1961, page 208
- List of major military awards presented, Papuan Campaign: The Buna-Sanananda Operation, 16 November 1942 - 23 January 1943, published by U.S. Army Center for Military History, 1945, page 84
- Citation, Distinguished Service Medal, Gordon Byrom Rogers, Citations for Major Military Awards, published by Military Times Hall of Valor, accessed April 23, 2011
- List of Major Military Awards, Gordon Byrom Rogers, Military Times Hall of Valor, accesses April 23, 2011
- Official U.S. Army Register, published by U.S. Army Adjutant General, 1960, page 920
- Social Security Death Index
- Newspaper article, Lieut. Gen. Gordon Rogers, Ex-Intelligence Officer, 65, New York Times, July 3, 1967
- Newspaper article, Gen. Rogers Rites Held; Graduate Of West Point Had Varied Military Career, Baltimore Sun, July 6, 1967
- Nationwide Gravesite Locator, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
- Obituary, Mary Louise Rogers, Baltimore Sun, February 22, 1963
- Genealogical Succession, Graduates of the United States Military Academy, published by the West Point Association of Graduates, updated February 2011
- Assembly Magazine, published by West Point Alumni Association, 1967, Volumes 26-27, page 92
- Register of Graduates and Former Cadets, United States Military Academy, published by West Point Alumni Foundation, 1973, page 686
- About Face, by David H. Hackworth and Julie Sherman, 1990, page 256