Gordon Campbell, Baron Campbell of Croy

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The Lord Campbell of Croy

Gordon Campbell 1959.jpg
Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland
In office
4 March 1974 – 13 June 1974
LeaderEdward Heath
Preceded byWilliam Ross
Succeeded byAlick Buchanan-Smith
In office
23 January 1969 – 19 June 1970
LeaderEdward Heath
Preceded byWilliam Ross
Secretary of State for Scotland
In office
19 June 1970 – 4 March 1974
Prime MinisterEdward Heath
Preceded byWilliam Ross
Succeeded byWilliam Ross
Member of Parliament
for Moray and Nairn
In office
8 October 1959 – 28 February 1974
Preceded byJames Stuart
Succeeded byWinnie Ewing
Personal details
Born(1921-06-08)8 June 1921
Quetta, Pakistan
Died26 April 2005(2005-04-26) (aged 83)
London, United Kingdom
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Nicola Madan
Alma materRoyal Military Academy Sandhurst
ProfessionSoldier, Diplomat
Military service
Allegiance United Kingdom
Branch/serviceBritish Army
Years of service1939-1945

Gordon Thomas Calthrop Campbell, Baron Campbell of Croy, MC, PC, DL (8 June 1921 – 26 April 2005) was a Scottish Conservative & Unionist politician.


Early life and career[edit]

Campbell was born in Quetta, British India (now in Pakistan), the son of Major General James Alexander Campbell and was educated at Rockport School in Holywood, County Down, then at Wellington College before joining the Royal Artillery in 1939. He fought in the Second World War with the Royal Artillery from 1940, winning the Military Cross and Bar. Invalided out in 1947 with the honorary rank of major, he served the Foreign Office in New York and Vienna until 1957.

House of Commons[edit]

Elected to parliament in 1959, he served as Member of Parliament for the constituency of Moray and Nairn until February 1974 when he was defeated by Winnie Ewing of the Scottish National Party. He served as a Government Whip, 1961–62; Lord Commissioner of the Treasury and Scottish Whip, 1962–63; Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Scotland, 1963-64. He was Opposition Spokesman on Defence, 1967–68 and a member of the Shadow Cabinet, 1969-70.

Secretary of State for Scotland[edit]

He was Secretary of State for Scotland during the whole of Edward Heath's government. During his term in office the issues of fishing and oil led to him losing his Moray coastal seat to the SNP. Government papers released under the 30 year rule reveal an attitude that may explain that loss. Papers from 1970 revealed how the Scottish Office was prepared to have a "weaker and less efficient national fleet"[1] to enable the UK to sign up to the controversial Common Fisheries Policy. On oil in 1972 Campbell was against any move to pump oil revenues directly into the Scottish economy despite Heath asking government departments to explore such an arrangements to help revive Scotland's economy with "its own resources".[2] Further papers from 1974 revealed how he proposed "exceptional measures" to force Shetland Islands Council to accept an oil terminal without financial benefit to the islands.[3]

House of Lords[edit]

After leaving the Commons, he was made a life peer as Baron Campbell of Croy, of Croy in the County of Nairn in 1975. He became Chairman of the Scottish Board in 1976, and was Vice President of the Advisory Committee on Pollution at Sea from 1976 to 1984. He married Nicola Madan, daughter of Geoffrey Spencer Madan and his wife Marjorie Noble, and had three children.


  1. ^ Gethin Chamberlain and Frank Urquhart (1 January 2003). "Heath knew policy would kill fish fleet". The Scotsman. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
  2. ^ "Heath sparked Scots oil debate". BBC News. 1 January 2003. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
  3. ^ Ian Johnston (1 January 2005). "How Shetland's Gaddafi took on oil giants to win bountiful deal". The Scotsman. Archived from the original on 10 July 2011. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
  • Torrance, David, The Scottish Secretaries (Birlinn 2006)

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
James Gray Stuart
Member of Parliament for Moray and Nairn
1959 – 1974
Succeeded by
Winnie Ewing
Political offices
Preceded by
William Ross
Secretary of State for Scotland
1970 – 1974
Succeeded by
William Ross