||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2010)|
Gordon Crosse (born 1 December 1937) is an English composer.
Crosse was born in Bury, Lancashire and in 1961 graduated from St Edmund Hall, Oxford with a first class honours degree in Music. He then undertook two years of postgraduate research on early fifteenth-century music before beginning an academic career at the University of Birmingham. Subsequent employment included posts at the Universities of Essex, Cambridge and California. He won the Worshipful Company of Musicians' Cobbett Medal for services to music in 1976. For two years after 1980 he taught part-time at the Royal Academy of Music in London but then retired to his Suffolk home to compose full-time.
Crosse first came to prominence at the 1964 Aldeburgh Festival with Meet My Folks! (Theme and Relations, op.10), a music theatre work for children and adults based on poems by Ted Hughes. Hughes would also provide the lyrics for five of Crosse's subsequent works: the "cantata" The Demon of Adachigahara (op.21, 1968); The New World for voice and piano (op.25); the opera The Story of Vasco (op.29, 1974); Wintersong for six singers and optional percussion (op.51); and Harvest Songs for two choirs and orchestra (op.56). The Demon of Adachigahara, another music theatre work for children and adults, is a retelling of a traditional Japanese folk-tale akin to a Brothers Grimm story; it warns of the dangers of curiosity. The Story of Vasco, premièred in 1974 by Sadler's Wells Opera at the Coliseum Theatre in London, is a setting of Hughes' translation and adaptation of Georges Schehadé's play Histoire de Vasco.
Changes (op. 17), for soprano, baritone, chorus and orchestra, was written for the 1966 Three Choirs Festival in Worcester. The title refers to the sound of church-bells and it sets Crosse's own choice of texts by a variety of English poets ("I spent as long choosing the text as writing the music."), an approach similar to that of Britten in his Spring Symphony. Though the subject-matter is often dark - many of the texts relate to death - the composer aimed "to fashion something enjoyable to listener and performer alike."
Crosse's first opera, Purgatory (op.18), is a one-act setting of the play by William Butler Yeats. The opera reflects Crosse's admiration for the music of Benjamin Britten, in particular The Turn of the Screw. It was written in 1966 and premièred at the Cheltenham Music Festival later that year. In 1969, Crosse returned to the Aldeburgh Festival to hear the English Opera Group première his second opera The Grace of Todd (op.20) and revive Purgatory. The following year, the piece Some Marches on a Ground  for full orchestra elaborated material that would later appear in The Story of Vasco of 1956.
Crosse also composed the music for King Lear, the 1983 television production of Shakespeare's play, in which Laurence Olivier played the title role, and for which the celebrated actor won the last of his five Emmy Awards. The production marked Olivier's last appearance in a Shakespearean role. This is the only television production for which Crosse has composed the music.
Crosse's interest in the relationship between music, literature and drama is evident in his concert as well as his theatrical work. Two examples are Memories of Morning: Night  for mezzo-soprano and orchestra, based on Jean Rhys' novel Wide Sargasso Sea; and World Within for actress, soprano and small ensemble, based on a text by Emily Brontë. Crosse also developed an interest in ballet after he adapted his orchestral piece Play Ground (1977) for choreographer Kenneth MacMillan. The ballet version of Play Ground was premièred at the 1979 Edinburgh Festival by the Sadler's Wells Royal Ballet, after which MacMillan then choreographed Crosse's chamber piece Wildboy (clarinet and ensemble, 1978) to produce a ballet for the American Ballet Theatre. In 1984, following a request by choreographer David Bintley, Crosse extended Benjamin Britten's Young Apollo for use as ballet music; the resulting ballet was premièred later that year by The Royal Ballet at the Royal Opera House in Covent Garden, London.
Works for soloist and orchestra form the other major strand in Crosse's composition. These include two violin concertos, a cello concerto (written in 1979 "in memoriam Luigi Dallapiccola", based on a motif from Dallapiccola's piece Piccola Musica Notturna) and three works featuring blown instruments (Ariadne for oboe, commissioned for the oboist Sarah Francis, Thel for flute and Wildboy for clarinet).
His fiftieth birthday was celebrated in 1987 with featured performances at several festivals, and he was BBC Radio 3 "Composer of the Week" in December.
Following the completion of "Sea Psalms", written for Glasgow forces in its year as European City of Culture, 1990, Crosse shifted his focus to computer programming and music technology, and in the following 17 years, produced little music, except several songs with recorder parts, written for the recorder player John Turner.
With "Dirge from Cymbeline" for baritone and harp, written in 2007 for the NMC Songbook, Crosse is once again active as a composer and has written several larger works, notably a Trio for oboe, violin and cello (Rhyming with Everything) and a "Fantasia" for flute/recorder, harp and strings. In 2009 Crosse wrote several new compositions.
|2009||Brief Encounter||for oboe d'amore, recorder & string orchestra|
|Fantasia on "Ca' the Yowes"||for flute/recorder, harp & string orchestra|
|Viola Concerto||for viola & string orchestra with French horn|
|1986||Array||30'||for trumpet & string orchestra|
|1979||Concerto for Violoncello and Orchestra ||op.44||25'||"In Memoriam Luigi Dallapiccola"|
|1975||Symphony No. 2||op.37||24'|
|Memories of Morning: Night ||op.30||34'||mezzo-soprano & orchestra|
|1970||Some Marches on a Ground ||op.28||12'|
|Concerto No. 2 for Violin and Orchestra||op.26||34'|
|1966||Changes: A Nocturnal Cycle||op.17||50'||soprano & baritone soloists, chorus, orchestra|
|1986||Wintersong||op.51||30'||six singers, optional percussion|
|1983||Wavesongs ||30'||cello and piano|
|1982||Watermusic ||11'||recorders (one player) and piano|
|1980||A Year and a Day ||op.48a||8'||solo clarinet|
|1979||Verses in Memoriam David Munrow ||9'||counter-tenor, recorder, cello and harpsichord|
|1978||Wildboy||op.42||27'||clarinet and ensemble|
|Thel||op.38||14'||flute, two horns and string ensemble||1973||Dreamsongs ||op.35||14'||clarinet, oboe, bassoon, piano|
|1972||Ariadne||op.31||23'||oboe and ensemble|
|The New World||op.25||20'||voice and piano|
Opera and music theatre
|1977||World Within||op.40||43'||actress, mezzo-soprano, ensemble|
|1974||The Story of Vasco||op.29||135'||three-act opera|
|1968||The Demon of Adachigahara||op.21||30'||children and adults|
|The Grace of Todd||op.20||75'||"comedy in three scenes"|
|1964||Meet My Folks! (Theme and Relations)||op.10||25'||children and adults|
|Meet My Folks!||op.10||EMI CLP 1893 (LP)|
|Concerto da Camera||op.6||EMI ASD 2333 (LP)
Argo ZRG 759 (LP)
EMI 50999 9 18514 2 (CD)
|Manoug Parikian (violin), Melos Ensemble conducted by Edward Downes|
|Changes: A Nocturnal Cycle||op.17||Argo ZRG 656 (LP)
Lyrita SRCD 259 (CD)
|Vyvyan, Shirley-Quirk, LSO & Chorus conducted by Del Mar|
|Purgatory||op.18||Argo ZRG 810 (LP)
Lyrita SRCD 313 (CD)
|Some Marches on a Ground||op.28||First Edition LS 471 (LP)
RCA Gold Seal GL 25018 (LP)
|Louisville Orchestra conducted by Jorge Mester|
|The New World||op.25||U-K DKP 9093 (CD)||Muriel Dickinson (voice); Peter Dickinson (piano)|
|A Year and a Day||op.48a||Métier MSV 92013(CD)||Kate Romano (clarinet); Alan Hicks (piano)|
|Ariadne||op.31||Argo ZRG 842 (LP)
Lyrita SRCD 259 (CD)
|Sarah Francis (oboe); LSO ensemble conducted by Michael Lankester|
|Watermusic||Olympia OCD 714 (CD)||John Turner (recorders); Peter Lawson (piano)|
|Wavesongs||NMC D019 (CD)||Alexander Baillie (cello); Andrew Ball (piano)|
|Memories of Morning: Night
Some Marches on a Ground
|NMC D058 (CD)||Bickley (mezzo-soprano) Alexander Baillie (cello)
BBCSO conducted by Martyn Brabbins
|Three Kipling Songs
Rhyming with Everything (Trio)
|Prima Facie PFCD0004 (CD)||Lesley-Jane Rogers (soprano), John Turner (recorder), Richard Simpson (oboe), Richard Howarth (violin), Jonathan Price (cello)|
|Elegy and Scherzo for string orchestra||op.47||Dutton CDLX 7207 (CD)||Manchester Chamber Ensemble conducted by Richard Howarth|
Fantasia on 'Ca the Yowes'
|Métier MSV 77201 (CD)||Matthew Jones (viola), John Turner (recorder)
Manchester Sinfonia conducted by Timothy Reynish
- Gordon Crosse, Meet My Folks! A theme and relations. For speaker, children’s chorus, children’s percussion band, and adult percussion and instrumental players (Opus 10), setting of a book of children's poems by Ted Hughes (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1965, with cover and illustrations by George Adamson)
- Gordon Crosse, The Demon of Adachigahara, setting of a poem by Ted Hughes (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1969)
- Gordon Crosse, The New World, setting of six poems by Ted Hughes (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1975)
- ed. Lewis Foreman, British Music Now: A Guide to the Work of Younger Composers (Paul Elek Ltd.: London, September 1975)
- ed. Walsh, Holden and Kenyon, Viking Opera Guide: Gordon Crosse (Viking: London, 1993; ISBN 0-670-81292-7)
- Crosse has written for and been written about in the journal Tempo.
- Burn, Andrew, Gordon Crosse at 50, in Musical Times, Vol. 128, No. 1738, p. 679 (December 1987)
- Programme notes by Gordon Crosse on his music held by OUP.
-  Details of Crosse's scores published by OUP.
-  Comments on Gordon Crosse's music in review by Michael White from the Daily Telegraph
-  Review of Crosse CD on Music Web International
||Constructs such as ibid., loc. cit. and idem are discouraged by Wikipedia's style guide for footnotes, as they are easily broken. Please improve this article by replacing them with named references (quick guide), or an abbreviated title. (July 2015)|
- Note by the composer with Lyrita CD SRCD 259.
- Note by Calum MacDonald with Lyrita CD SRCD 313
- Online excerpt available as of September 2006.[dead link]
- '...the most exciting and productive year I have ever experienced' according to the composer's note included with Métier 77201.
- Another version replaces the piano with a string orchestra.
- Revised in 1996 for Spitalfields Festival.
- Revised and enlarged for chamber orchestra as op.43.
- Video on YouTube
- George Worsley Adamson web site.
- Keith Sagar and Stephen Tabor: Ted Hughes: A Bibliography 1946-1980, Mansell Publishing Limited, London, 1983, p. 211.
- Ibid., p. 212.