Gordon G. Gallup

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Gordon G. Gallup
Born1941 (age 81–82)

Gordon G. Gallup Jr. (/ˈɡæləp/; born 1941) is an American psychologist in the University at Albany's psychology department, researching biopsychology.

Early life and education[edit]

Gallup received his Ph.D. from Washington State University in 1968, after which he joined the faculty of the psychology department at Tulane University.


He is best known for developing the mirror test, also called the mirror self-recognition test, or MSR, in 1970, which gauges self-awareness of animals. In 1975, Gallup moved to the University at Albany.

During his tenure at Tulane, Gallup also developed a research interest in tonic immobility, or "animal hypnosis," which he continued at the University at Albany. His later work on animal behavior focused on ethological approaches to the study of animal behavior under laboratory conditions, which he pursued with Susan Suarez in the 1980s.

Since the 1990s, Gallup has researched human evolutionary psychology exclusively. Gallup's article entitled "Does Semen Have Antidepressant Properties?"[1] attracted the attention of the media[2] when it was published in 2002. Gallup commented, "I want to make it clear that we are not advocating that people abstain from using condoms. Clearly, an unwanted pregnancy or a sexually transmitted disease would more than offset any advantageous psychological effects of semen."[3]


  • Gallup, Gordon G. (1970). "Chimpanzees: Self-Recognition". Science. 167 (3914): 86–87. doi:10.1126/science.167.3914.86. PMID 4982211. S2CID 145295899.
  • Gallup, Gordon G. (1977). "Self recognition in primates: A comparative approach to the bidirectional properties of consciousness". American Psychologist. 32 (5): 329–338. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.32.5.329.
  • Chavanne, Tara J.; Gallup, Gordon G. (1998). "Variation in Risk Taking Behavior Among Female College Students as a Function of the Menstrual Cycle". Evolution and Human Behavior. Elsevier. 19 (1): 27–32. doi:10.1016/S1090-5138(98)00016-6.
  • Gallup, Gordon G.; Burch, Rebecca L.; Platek, Steven M. (2002). "Does semen have antidepressant properties?". Archives of Sexual Behavior. 31 (3): 289–293. doi:10.1023/A:1015257004839. PMID 12049024. S2CID 1243406.
  • Hughes, Susan M.; Dispenza, Franco; Gallup, Gordon G. (2004). "Ratings of voice attractiveness predict sexual behavior and body configuration". Evolution and Human Behavior. 25 (5): 295–304. doi:10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2004.06.001.
  • Platek, Steven M; Burch, Rebecca L; Panyavin, Ivan S; Wasserman, Brett H; Gallup, Gordon G (2002). "Reactions to children's faces: Resemblance affects males more than females". Evolution and Human Behavior. 23 (3): 159–166. doi:10.1016/S1090-5138(01)00094-0.
  • Hobbs, Dawn R.; Gallup, Gordon G. (2011). "Songs as a Medium for Embedded Reproductive Messages". Evolutionary Psychology. 9 (3): 390–416. doi:10.1177/147470491100900309. PMID 22947982.


  1. ^ Gallup, G. G., Jr., Burch, R. L., & Platek, S. M. (2002). Does semen function as an antidepressant? Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31, 289-293.
  2. ^ Raj Persaud (2002). Semen acts as an anti-depressant. New Scientist.
  3. ^ Persaud, Raj. "Feeling good? you'll never guess why". New Scientist. Retrieved 2020-09-07.

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