Gordon Guyatt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gordon Henry Guyatt
Nationality Canadian
Known for Pioneer in evidence-based medicine

Gordon Henry Guyatt, OC FRSC (born November 11, 1953) is a Canadian physician and Distinguished University Professor in the Departments of Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics and Medicine at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. He is known for his work on evidence-based medicine, a term that first appeared in a paper he published.[1] On October 9, 2015, he was named to the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame.[2]

Early life[edit]

Dr. Gordon Guyatt.png

Guyatt was born and raised in Hamilton, home to the McMaster University campus. On his father’s side, he was the son of a well-heeled and deeply-rooted protestant Hamilton family; his grandfather was a Hamilton physician and his father, a well-known local lawyer. From his mother’s side, his roots were in Europe; his mother was a Czechoslovakian Jewish women who immigrated to Hamilton. Guyatt’s concerns with the role of the medical system, social justice, political activism and medical reform remain central issues that he promoted in tandem with his medical work.

Education and training[edit]

Guyatt attended the University of Toronto where he obtained a Bachelor of Science. He then obtained his medical degree at McMaster University Medical School and certified as a general internist. Later, Guyatt received a Master of Science in Design, Management, and Evaluation (now known as Health Research Methodology) from McMaster University.

Career[edit]

Guyatt has published almost 900 peer-reviewed articles in scientific journals,[3] including in leading medical journals such as The New England Journal of Medicine, The Lancet, Journal of the American Medical Association, and The BMJ. His work has been cited more than 130,000 times. He has also written extensively on health care policy in the popular press. His contribution to quality of life research, randomized trials and meta-analysis have been considered groundbreaking. In 2007, The BMJ launched an international election for the most important contributions to healthcare. Evidence-based medicine came 7th in the line-up, beating the computer and medical imaging. Guyatt is the co-editor of the Users' Guides to the Medical Literature, a comprehensive set of journal articles and textbook for clinicians that wish to incorporate evidence-based medicine into their practices.[4][5]

Guyatt directed the residency program at McMaster University that trains physicians to be specialists in internal medicine. He previously published a regular health column on the editorial pages of the Winnipeg Free Press, and prior to that in The Hamilton Spectator, and continues to contribute to health care debates in the popular press, including an online news service, Straight Goods.[6]

In 1979, Guyatt co-founded the Medical Reform Group, a Canadian organization of physicians, medical students and others that supports universal public health care. Guyatt continues to serve as a member of the steering committee and leading spokesperson for this group.

Guyatt ran as the New Democratic Party (NDP) candidate in the 2004, 2006 and 2008 Canadian federal elections in the riding of Ancaster—Dundas—Flamborough—Westdale. He also previously ran for the NDP in the 2000 federal election in the former riding of Ancaster—Dundas—Flamborough—Aldershot.

Notable awards and honours[edit]

In 1996, Guyatt received the McMaster University President's Award for Excellence in Teaching (Course or Resource Design).[7]

He is a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences.[8]

In 2010, he was conferred the title, "Distinguished University Professor," the highest and rarest academic rank held by a full-time faculty member at McMaster University.[9]

In 2010, he was one of 10 candidates short-listed (from a list of 117 nominees) for the BMJ Lifetime Achievement Award.[10]

In 2011, he was appointed as an Officer of the Order of Canada "for his contributions to the advancement of evidence-based medicine and its teaching."[11]

In 2012, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.[12]

In 2015, he was made a member of the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame.[13]

Selected textbooks[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guyatt G, Cairns J, Churchill D, et al. (November 1992). "Evidence-based medicine. A new approach to teaching the practice of medicine". JAMA. 268 (17): 2420–5. PMID 1404801. doi:10.1001/jama.268.17.2420. 
  2. ^ "Two professors named to Medical Hall of Fame". McMaster University. McMaster University. Retrieved 12 October 2015. 
  3. ^ "PubMed". 
  4. ^ Guyatt GH, Rennie D (November 1993). "Users' guides to the medical literature". JAMA. 270 (17): 2096–7. PMID 8411578. doi:10.1001/jama.1993.03510170086037. 
  5. ^ Guyatt, Gordon; Rennie, Drummond (2002). Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: A Manual for Evidence-based Clinical Practice. American Medical Association. ISBN 978-1-57947-174-3. 
  6. ^ "The Straight Goods Library". Archived from the original on 2008-07-27. 
  7. ^ "The President's Awards for Excellence in Teaching Past Recipients" (PDF). 
  8. ^ Canadian Academy of Health Sciences. "Gordon Guyatt". 
  9. ^ "McMaster University - Policies, Procedures and Guidelines (Distinguished University Professor)" (PDF). 
  10. ^ "Voting open for McMaster professor's lifetime achievement". 
  11. ^ "Appointments to the Order of Canada". 
  12. ^ "Royal Society elects Guyatt and Wright as fellows". McMaster University. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  13. ^ "Two professors named to Medical Hall of Fame". McMaster University. McMaster University. Retrieved 12 October 2015. 

External links[edit]