Gordon House (Silverton, Oregon)
Front of Gordon House
|Location||869 W. Main St., Silverton, Oregon|
|Architect||Wright, Frank Lloyd; Goodrich, Burton G.|
|Architectural style||Modern Movement, Usonian|
|NRHP reference #||04001066|
|Added to NRHP||September 22, 2004|
The Gordon House is a residence designed by influential architect Frank Lloyd Wright, now located within the Oregon Garden, in Silverton, Oregon. It is an example of Wright's Usonian vision for America. It is one of the last of the Usonian series that Wright designed as affordable housing for American working class consumers, which—in 1939—were considered to have an annual income of $5,000–6,000. The house is based on a design for a modern home commissioned by Life magazine in 1938.
The house was designed in 1957 for Evelyn and Conrad Gordon, and finished in 1963 (four years after Frank Lloyd Wright's death). It was originally located near Wilsonville, Oregon, situated to take advantage of views of the adjacent Willamette River on the west side and Mt Hood to the east. After Evelyn Gordon's death in 1997, the house was sold to new owners David and Carey Smith, who wanted to tear it down to make room for a larger, more contemporary structure. The Frank Lloyd Wright Conservancy became involved in attempts to preserve the historic house, and in early 2001, they obtained a three-month reprieve to dismantle it, and move it to the Oregon Garden, about 21 miles (34 km) southeast of its original location. The Conservancy accepted a proposal from the Oregon Garden Society, assisted by the City of Silverton, to take charge of moving and reinstalling the house. Dismantling began on March 9, 2001. The house was moved in four large pieces, with the upper floor, containing two bedrooms and one bath, moved as a single unit. Overall neglect required refurbishing of the structure's siding and roofing which was arranged by grants from the Architectural Foundation of Oregon and the Oregon Cultural Trust. A new foundation replicating the original was constructed. The house opened one year later as the only publicly accessible Frank Lloyd Wright home in the Pacific Northwest.
With 2,133 ft² (203 m²) of floor space, the house boasts twelve-foot (366 cm) floor-to-ceiling windows and glass French doors in the living room and Wright's classic horizontal designs and features connecting interior and exterior space. The second story features two bedrooms, each with its own private balcony. Designed based on a seven-foot square grid, the house is visually anchored to a single mass of windowless concrete block forming the walls of the small basement and kitchen and extending beyond the roofline, obscuring various vents and the large skylight to the kitchen ("workspace") below. The house is constructed of cedar and painted cinder block and continues Wright's tradition of custom patterned wood cutout window lattice known as fretwork.
The Gordon House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on September 22, 2004. It is cared for by the Gordon House Conservancy and available for small catered gatherings. When not reserved, the house is available for public tours as a historic house museum.
Fretwork of Gordon House
- Frank Lloyd Wright Building Conservancy
- List of Frank Lloyd Wright works
- List of Registered Historic Places in Marion County, Oregon
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gordon House.|
- National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- The living room is at left and bedrooms are upstairs at right and kitchen below them.
- Bart King. "An Architectural Guidebook to Portland". Retrieved 2007-12-21.
- North Shore Productions, Portland, Oregon (March 21, 2002). "Moving Usonia: The only Frank Lloyd Wright house in Oregon has to be destroyed in order to be saved". Oregon Art Beat. KOPB-TV. pp. Episode 323. Archived from the original (QuickTime (.mov) 240x151px) on July 14, 2011. Retrieved 2008-02-08.
- "The Gorden House by Frank Lloyd Wright". Retrieved 2007-12-21.
- 1951-, Woodin, Larry A., (2002). The Gordon House : a moving experience. Hillsboro, OR: Beyond Words Pub. ISBN 1582700834. OCLC 48810316.
- Elsa Coleman; Molly Murphy (June 7, 2006). "Welcome to the Fretwork Network E-Newsletter!". Archived from the original on August 8, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-21.