Gordon Liu

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Gordon Liu
劉家輝
Born
Sin Kam-hei (冼錦熙)

(1955-08-22) August 22, 1955 (age 66)
OccupationActor, martial artist
Years active1973–2011
Spouse(s)
Ma Fei-feng
(m. 1991; div. 2009)
(2nd)
Children
  • Angie Sin (daughter), with first wife
  • Bonnie Sin (daughter), with first wife
  • Kris Sin (son), with Ma Fei-feng
  • Sonia Sin (daughter), with Ma Fei-feng
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese劉家輝
Simplified Chinese刘家辉
Sin Kam-hei
Traditional Chinese冼錦熙
Simplified Chinese冼锦熙

Gordon Liu (Lau Kar-fai simplified Chinese: 刘家辉; traditional Chinese: 劉家輝; pinyin: Liú Jiāhuī; Wade–Giles: Liu Chia-hui; Jyutping: Lau4 Gaa1 fai1); born Sin Kam-hei (simplified Chinese: 冼锦熙; traditional Chinese: 冼錦熙; pinyin: Xiǎn Jǐnxī) August 22, 1955) is a Chinese martial arts film actor and martial artist. He played the lead role of San Te in The 36th Chamber of Shaolin (1978) and its sequels, and later played two roles in Quentin Tarantino's Kill Bill films: Johnny Mo, the leader of the Crazy 88 Yakuza gang in Volume 1 (2003); and kung fu master Pai Mei in Volume 2 (2004).

Early life[edit]

Liu was born Sin Kam-hei in Guangdong Province, China on August 22, 1955,[1][2] prior to his adoption into another family.[3] He is often wrongly cited as being the adopted son of Lau Cham, and adoptive brother of directors and actors Lau Kar-leung (Liu Chia-liang) and Lau Kar-wing (Liu Chia-Yung). He was not adopted by the family but is Lau Cham's godson.[4]

In his youth (ages 15–20), he skipped school to train in Chinese martial arts without his parents' knowledge. He trained at Lau Cham's martial arts school of Hung Gar discipline, which descended from Wong Fei-hung's grand student (father to Lau Kar Leung). Lau Cham's wife assisted in his training and due to the friendship and respect Liu felt for Lau and his wife, he took on the name Lau Ka-fai. As he grew up, he found a job as a shipping clerk to make ends meet. His interests had always been towards martial arts and he was eventually offered a role by Lau Kar-leung.

Career[edit]

Liu's first break was with Chang's Film Company (a Shaw Brothers subsidiary operating in Taiwan) acting small parts for such films as 5 Shaolin Masters, Shaolin Martial Arts, and 4 Assassins. He starred in Challenge of the Masters (1976), as the folk hero Wong Fei Hung, and was featured in Executioners From Shaolin (1977) before starring in his signature role as Shaolin hero San Te in The 36th Chamber of Shaolin.

The tale of the imperialistic struggle, while not a new one, was significant for the intense focus placed on the inner workings of Shaolin Temple itself. San Te, Liu's character, overcomes the temple's thirty-five chambers as he unwittingly undergoes the rigorous training regime imposed by the temple's Head Abbott on the pretext of “earning” a right to study martial arts there.

The “zero-to-hero” tale turned Liu into an international icon in spite of a frame far slighter than that of the folk hero himself (known as “Iron Arms” for the muscularity of his physique) and paved the way for a very healthy working schedule into the mid-1990s, even as younger, more agile martial artists eventually emerged. By the late 1980s he had begun accepting smaller roles, such as in Lau Kar-leung's Tiger on the Beat.

Liu has also been active in television, and was contracted to Hong Kong's TVB company for many years, continuing playing roles as a martial arts master. Though still performing some martial arts roles, he is at home as well in comedic, self-deprecatory or emotional characters. His second-most common role in TVB has been playing a Hong Kong Police Force officer[citation needed].

Quentin Tarantino had long been a fan of Liu, and hoped to find him a role in one of his movies. This eventually came to pass with the roles of Johnny Mo and Master Pai Mei in both Kill Bill films. His roles in Kill Bill raised Liu's profile again and a renewed interest was shown by Chinese producers; since Kill Bill, Liu has returned to doing movies while continuing to do television for Hong Kong's TVB station.

In 2008, Liu added a Bollywood film to his profile. Collaborating with Indian actor Akshay Kumar who is a top-billed Bollywood actor and also a martial arts performer in a film titled Chandni Chowk To China (CC2C). He played the role of the villain, Hojo, a smuggler and a well-trained martial artist. Before this, he appeared as himself (along with his mentor Lau Kar Leung) in the 2009 film Dragonland, the first Italian documentary about martial cinema history, by Lorenzo De Luca. Liu attended as special guest star at the premiere in Rome, meeting his Italian fans for the first time. During August 2011, Liu had a stroke and put all his plans on hold to recover. Liu had cancelled all public engagements as of March 2012.[5]

Personal life[edit]

Liu has been married twice. He has two daughters, Angie and Bonnie, from his first marriage which ended in 1986, and a son Kris (冼峻龙) and daughter Sonia (冼咏珊) from his second marriage with Ma Fei-feng (马飞凤) of Thai-descent which ended in 2009.[6]

In August 2011, while in To Kwa Wan performing with his band, Liu had a stroke and hit his head. He had partial right-sided paralysis and a speech impairment as a consequence of the stroke, needing a wheelchair to travel. At the same time, his estranged family from his second marriage had begun pressuring him for money. Depressed at his physical state and family complications, he isolated himself in a nursing home. In June 2012, Liu decided to divorce his second wife and focus on his recovery.[7]

During his medical crisis, Liu entrusted his assets to his assistant and spokesperson, Eva Fung. However, the two fell out, and Fung refused to return his assets.[8] Subsequently in 2013, he arranged for Hong Kong actress Amy Fan to become the legal guardian of his assets.[9] Liu later took legal action to recover his assets, and on April 29, 2014, a day before the court date, Fung agreed to return them with interest. In 2015, it was reported that he no longer spoke with a slur but continued to use a wheelchair, and that he had resided at a nursing home for several years.[10]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1974 5 Shaolin Masters
Shaolin Martial Arts
1975 4 Assassins
The Monk
1976 Challenge of the Masters Wong Fei-hung
7-Man Army
Bloody Avengers
1977 He Has Nothing But Kung Fu
Executioners from Shaolin
1978 Breakout from Oppression
The 36th Chamber of Shaolin San Te
Heroes of the East Ah To
Shaolin Mantis
1979 Fury in the Shaolin Temple
Dirty Ho
Spiritual Boxer II
1980 Clan of the White Lotus Hong Wen-Ting
Return to the 36th Chamber
Fists and Guts
1981 My Young Auntie
Elders
Shaolin and Wu Tang
Martial Club Wong Fei-hung
1982 Raiders of Buddhist Kung Fu
The Shaolin Drunken Monk
Legendary Weapons of China
Treasure Hunters
Young Vagabond So Chan
Cat vs Rat
1983 Lady Is the Boss
Crazy Shaolin Disciples
Tales of a Eunuch
1984 The Eight Diagram Pole Fighter Fifth Yang
Shaolin Warrior
1985 Disciples of the 36th Chamber
1987 My Heart Is That Eternal Rose
1988 Legend of the Phoenix
Tiger on the Beat
1989 A Fiery Family
Code of Fortune
Avenging Trio
Ghost Ballroom
The Killer Angels
1990 Tiger on the Beat 2
A Bloody Fight
1991 China Heat
1992 Killing in the Dream
1993 Cheetah on Fire
Flirting Scholar
Last Hero in China
Legend of the Liquid Sword
Bogus Cops
The Buddhism Palm Strikes Back For-wan Tse-san
The Mystery of the Condor Hero Yuen-tsan
1994 Drunken Master III
American Shaolin
Funny Shaolin Kids
1995 Lethal Girls 2
1996 Journey to the West TV series
1998 Journey to the West II TV series
1999 Generation Pendragon
The Island Tales
2000 The Heaven Sword and Dragon Saber Sing Kwan
The Legend of Lady Yang Chan Yuen-lai
2001 A Step into the Past TV series
2002 Drunken Monkey
2003 Star Runner Coach Lau
The King of Yesterday and Tomorrow TV series
Kill Bill: Volume 1 Johnny Mo
2004 Kill Bill: Volume 2 Pai Mei
Shaolin vs. Evil Dead Pak
2005 Dragon Squad
A Chinese Tall Story
Real Kung Fu Lin Yung TV series
2006 Mr. 3 Minutes
A Pillow Case of Mystery Sima Jui-fung TV series
2007 Shaolin Vs. Dead: Ultimate Power
On the First Beat Moon Gei TV series
2008 Heroes of Shaolin
Best Bet TV series
Dragonland Himself Documentary
True Legend Old sage
The Four TV series
2009 Man in Charge TV series
Chandni Chowk to China Hojo
Chinese Paladin 3 Evil Sword Immortal TV series
2010 Hot Summer Days Fai
A Pillow Case of Mystery II Si Ma Jeui-fung TV series
Beauty Knows No Pain Ng Lap-chau TV series
2010-2011 Links to Temptation Lam Chung-pau TV series
2011 Relic of an Emissary Yim Chun TV series
Curse of the Royal Harem TV series
Flying Swords of Dragon Gate
2012 Nightfall Retired CID officer
The Man with the Iron Fists The Abbott
Kill 'Em All Snakehead
2013 High Kickers Zhao Yumin

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "AfSpot".
  2. ^ "GORDON LIU HOGS THE MICROPHONE ON HIS 65TH BIRTHDAY". 28 August 2016.
  3. ^ Gordon Lau Ka-fai 劉家輝
  4. ^ "Gordon Liu Chia Hui". Interview. Kung Fu Magazine. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-02. Retrieved 2012-03-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "刘家辉第一任和第二任老婆图片,刘家辉的老婆龚蓓苾照片个人资料_天涯八卦网". www.tianya999.com. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
  7. ^ "Gordon Liu Enters Nursing Home And Suffers Estranged Marriage".
  8. ^ "Gordon Liu Takes Former Assistant To Court Over Financial Dispute".
  9. ^ "Gordon Liu Visits Old Friends at TVB".
  10. ^ "Gordon Liu Watches TVB's "Four Amigos Bon Voyage"".

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