|Died||3 October 2012 (aged 74)|
|Alma mater||Northrop Aeronautical Institute of Technology, University of Southern California, Louisiana State University|
Gordon Michael Dwayne Novel (February 7, 1938 – October 3, 2012) was a private investigator and electronics expert, who was known for several controversial investigations. He was most notable for his conflict with District Attorney Jim Garrison and his work as investigator for automobile industry executive John DeLorean and U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark.
Novel grew up in New Orleans living as an only child with his mother. He graduated from East Jefferson High School in 1956, spent a brief period studying engineering at Northrop Aeronautical Institute of Technology, the University of Southern California and tried motion picture directing classes at the Pasadena Playhouse. He met his former wife, Marlene Mancuso, Miss New Orleans 1958, at the Louisiana State University.
Bay of Pigs weapons
In February 1961 Novel was part of a group of people which stole weapons from a munitions bunker in Houma, Louisiana, which was owned by the Schlumberger Company. Novel claimed the theft had been planned by Guy Banister and David Ferrie, who at the time were actively involved in the anti-communist/anti-Castro groups. According to a report in the New Orleans States-Item newspaper Banister served as a munitions supplier for the 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion and continued to deal weapons from his office until 1963. Gus Russo has written about the existence of a letter of marque, signed by Robert F. Kennedy, who was U.S. Attorney General at the time, which supposedly gave Banister the go-ahead to "liberate" the weaponry although the letter has never been proved to have existed. Novel claimed to have received a key to the bunker from Banister. The stolen munitions were allegedly stored at Banister's office in Camp Street, New Orleans and at Ferrie's house. Novel claimed that the act was not illegal but had been arranged by the CIA as part of Operation Mongoose. While taking a lie detector test, Novel stated that the burglary was not a burglary at all, but a war materials pickup made at the direction of his CIA contact.
1964 New York World's Fair
In the early 60's, Novel served as Director of Operations for the 'Bourbon Street Pavilion' at the 1964 New York World's Fair. The pavilion reportedly achieved the highest gross income of any single commercial pavilion at the fair. For this work, Novel was called an "Entrepreneurial Prodigy & Boy Wonder"" in Variety. From the beginning of the fair's build-up in 1963 he handled publicity at the pavilion, using the name "G. Michael Novel" he gave several interviews to the press. Variety magazine recognized him as being the major entertainment buyer, in charge of the pavilion's entertainment policies and originally active in obtaining backing for the venture. Owner and founder of 'Mardi Gras World', Blaine Kern, worked with Novel at both the 1964 World's Fair and the 1984 Louisiana World Exposition.
New Orleans business
After the world fair closed, Novel moved back to New Orleans, where he set up a business focused on electronic eavesdropping. Through his company, 'International Dynamics Corp', he manufactured and installed electronics for politicians, businessmen and diplomats. He also bought/leased a Caribbean-style restaurant/club called 'Jamaican Village Inn', which was located at 800 North Rampart Street. While Novel was in Ohio, resisting Garrison's attempt to get him extradited, two waitresses of the club were arrested and charged with violating obscenity law, for topless table-serving. The club was ordered to be padlock closed for one year by the district attorney's office. This order was withdrawn after the club owner Edward Centa agreed to end the topless attire, while the lease to Novel was ruled invalid.
Conflict with Garrison
Work at Garrison's office
Without Garrison's knowledge, Novel was directed by Walter Sheridan (Federal investigator, NBC News reporter and associate of the Kennedy family) to seek work as an operative inside Garrison's office. Willard E. Robertson (a petitioner and businessman with political connections and ally of Jim Garrison and Louisiana Governor John McKeithen, who was alleged to have lent financial support to Garrison's investigation of Clay Shaw through an organization known as "Truth or Consequences") recommended Novel as a "electronics expert" to District Attorney Jim Garrison. He was assigned to "debug" Garrison's offices at the corner of Tulane Avenue & S Broad Street in New Orleans.
Years later, during the time an appeal in the Waco trial reached its end, a secret FBI report was released which stated that Novel worked with Garrison in attempts to fake photographic evidence to link Fidel Castro with the assassination. However, according to the final report issued by the Assassination Records Review Board, Novel came to the attention of Garrison after allegedly making claims that he was an employee of the CIA in 1963 and knew both Lee Harvey Oswald and Jack Ruby. Journalist Dick J. Reavis has stated that Novel's work at Garrison's office was "amply documented" and quoted Novel saying: "I was working as Garrison's chief of security, while at the same time working for the White House to destabilize Garrison's operation."
Shaw Hearing Witness Subpoena
During Clay Shaw's preliminary hearing, Novel was twice subpoenaed to appear before the Orleans Parish Grand Jury. The second time Novel did not show up, while he had left the state. In order to get Novel extradited, Garrison's office issued two warrants for Novel's arrest. The first arrest warrant was based on him being a material witness in the Clay Shaw investigation, which historically labeled him as "the missing witness" in Garrison's assassination conspiracy theory.
The second arrest warrant was based on a new accusation; Garrison accused Novel of having "burglarized" the munitions bunker in Houma. During the same time-frame, on 25 May 1967, the New Orleans States-Item published a detailed article on the Clay Shaw case. In that article the New Orleans States-Item produced a handwritten letter, that experts identified as Novel's handwriting, which referred to a CIA connection to his advertising agency. Until then Novel had publicly denied any CIA connections. After the letter was revealed, Novel's attorney, Steve Plotkin, said that Novel wrote the letter and that Novel had CIA connections in New Orleans. While holding off his extradition, Novel organized a news conference in Columbus, Ohio, where he publicly defended himself against Garrison's accusation of burglary. During the conference, reporters were told that; there were CIA operations in New Orleans, an advertising agency in New Orleans (which was operated by Novel) did indeed serve as a CIA front, that the raid on the Houma munitions bunker was a "patriotic act". Later on, Plotkin further specified Novel's role as an "intermediary", but added that Novel's work had "little or nothing to do with the Bay of Pigs invasion and certainly had absolutely nothing to do with the assassination of President Kennedy". The extradition proceedings were eventually dropped on 3 July 1967, due to defects/incomplete extradition papers.
Novel vs Garrison-Playboy Libel Suit
In an October 1967 interview for Playboy Magazine, Garrison accused Novel of being a paid employee of the CIA and hinted at complicity in the JFK assassination. Subsequently, Novel filed a $10-million libel suit against Garrison and Playboy in Federal Court, being represented by Elmer Gertz, who was an expert in reputation damage and smear campaigns. In his book "To Life" Gertz stated that Novel's deposition ran into "hundreds, if not thousands, of pages". Eventually, the case did not come to trial but was instead dismissed by Judge William J. Campbell after the defendants moved for a reconsideration of their motions.
J. Edgar Hoover allegations
In an episode of the PBS program Frontline aired on February 9, 1993, Novel said he saw photos of FBI director J. Edgar Hoover engaged in oral sex with his aide Clyde Tolson. The episode incorporated the work of author Anthony Summers whose book Official and Confidential: The Secret Life of J. Edgar Hoover alleged that Novel said he was shown the photo by CIA counterintelligence chief James Jesus Angleton.
In 1974, columnist Jack Anderson wrote that Charles Colson consulted Novel on the possible use of a degaussing device that could erase copies of the Watergate tapes stored in at the White House and the CIA from a distance. Eventually, Colson and Novel mutually decided not to do this, because of its danger to other national security tapes and computers. According to Colson, the plan never came close to development.
New Orleans firebomb case
Jim Garrison's successor to the seat of district attorney Harry Connick Sr. brought charges against Novel for conspiracy to firebomb part of New Orleans by balloons on behalf of a world's fair Novel was promoting. After three previous prosecutions, that included a hung jury, a mistrial and a conviction with three-year sentence, the conviction was overturned due to "tremendous conflicts" in government testimony. Columnist Jack Anderson reported that "Eminent legal scholars say a fourth prosecution in a non-capital case is virtually unprecedented, and raises the issue of retaliatory prosecution". Connick denied there was intention to "persecute" Novel.
Novel worked as private investigator to the DeLorean Motor Company chairman John DeLorean in 1982, and subsequently became a business partner. DeLorean claimed there was a conspiracy between Britain's Conservative Party and U.S. and British intelligence agents to close DeLorean's manufacturing plant in Northern Ireland. DeLorean's claims relied on Gordon Novel's investigation and resulting evidence. The alleged conspiracy included an attempt to frame/entrap DeLorean for cocaine trafficking, against which DeLorean eventually successfully defended himself in the resulting lawsuit. Part of the defense was an audiotape, which was made public by Hustler magazine publisher Larry Flynt, which revealed DeLorean was the victim of a sting operation. When Flynt refused to name Novel as the supplier of the tape, he was charged and convicted to a 5½ month sentence for contempt of court.
Novel was hired as chief investigator by former U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark, in the aftermath of the Waco Siege of 1993. Ramsey Clark provided legal counsel for some of the surviving members of Branch Davidian, as well as more than a hundred family members of those who had died or were injured in the confrontation. Novel has stated that his analysis of a FLIR tape, made by a Nightstalker aircraft, indicates serious misconduct, e.g. federal agents firing upon people inside the compound while they were trying to flee the fire. Former CIA Director William Colby collaborated with Novel on the investigation of misconduct on the higher levels of command including the FBI. Novel originated allegations that U.S. Federal agents were guilty of murdering David Koresh's followers during the Waco siege.
- "GORDON NOVEL HAS PASSED AWAY". Project Camelotportal. October 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- Richards, James (12 April 1967). "Novel Is Too Slippery to Stay Caught". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- New Orleans States-Item, April 25, 1967
- Gus Russo (25 November 1998). Live by the Sword: The Secret War Against Castro and the Death of JFK. Bancroft Press. p. 151. ISBN 978-1890862015. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- Craig, John (2 February 2004). Peculiar Liaisons in War, Espionage, and Terrorism of the Twentieth Century. Algora Publishing. p. 208. ISBN 978-0875863313. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- "Appendix to Hearings, Volume 10, 13, p. 127". House Select Committee on Assassinations. March 1979. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Rosemary James, Jack Wardlaw (31 January 1967). Plot Or Politics?. Pelican Publishing. pp. 35, 38, 108–111, 113, 115, 118, 155, 157, 160–162, 164, 166. ISBN 978-0911116113. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Cuccia, Ron (September 1984). "Fair Shake - Is New Orleans' latest party worth it?". Houston City Magazine. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
- "Guide to World's Fair Publicity". Editor & Publisher. 18 April 1964. p. 144. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "'SRO' in N.Y. Fair's Amusement Area Spills Overflow Into States Sector". Weekly Variety. 16 October 1963. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "'Bourbon St.' Motif Cues More Epidermis Display at N. Y. Fair". Weekly Variety. 25 December 1963. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Topless Duo Broke, Scared But Clothed--Prison Gray". New Orleans States-Item. 4 August 1967. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- "DA Asks 'Bare-Bosom Club' Be Closed 1 Year". New Orleans States-Item. 3 August 1967. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- "Lounge to end topless attire". New Orleans States-Item. 12 August 1967. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- "Willard E. ROBERTSON, Petitioner, v. Edward F. WEGMANN, Executor of the Estate of Clay L. Shaw, et al". Legal Information Institute. 21 March 1978. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Joan Mellen (22 March 2007). A farewell to justice: Jim Garrison, JFK's assassination, and the case that should have changed history. Potomac Books Inc. p. 463. ISBN 978-1597970488. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Dorman, Michael (January 13, 1997). "FBI: Investigator Tried To Fake Oswald Photo". Newsday. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
- "Chapter Six, Part I: The Quest for Additional Information" (PDF). Final Report of the Assassination Records Review Board (pdf). Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office. September 30, 1998. p. 111. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- Reavis, Dick J. (January 23, 2000). "Conspiracy dreams are an FBI nightmare". San Antonio Express News. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
- Jack Anderson (Feb 14, 1981). "Jack Anderson". Middlesboro Daily News. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
- "Jim Garrison Interview (Part 2)". Playboy and subsequently by Mae Brussell. October 1967. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
- "Probe Figure Sues Magazine And Garrison". St. Petersburg Times. Nov 2, 1967. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
- Ronald K.L. Collins, Sam Chaltain (25 February 2011). We Must Not Be Afraid to Be Free: Stories of Free Expression in America. Oxford University Press. p. 214. ISBN 978-0195175721. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Mr. Elmer Gertz (25 July 1990). To Life: The Story of a Chicago Lawyer. Southern Illinois University Press. pp. 241–243. ISBN 978-0809316083. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Werts, Diane (February 9, 1993). "Documentary details Hoover's alleged homosexuality". Bangor Daily News. Bangor, Maine. p. 17. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- Koehler, Robert (February 9, 1993). "TV REVIEWS : 'J. Edgar Hoover': Dirt Shown Out of Context". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- "J. Edgar Hoover Was Homosexual, Blackmailed by Mob, Book Says". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles. AP. February 6, 1993. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- Jack Anderson (Aug 15, 1974). "Colson Considered Erasing Tapes". The Modesto Bee. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
- Greenwald, Marilyn (August 14, 1985). "Tired of intrigue - DeLorean's partner wants to spend more time with family and new 'baby'". The Columbus Citizen-Journal. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
- Greenwald, Marilyn (August 1986). "Revved-up DeLorean to be assembled here". The Columbus Citizen-Journal. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
- "De Lorean Reveals 'conspiracy'". The Calgary Herald. Jun 24, 1985. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
- "Around The Nation; Flynt Indicted On Charge Of Desecrating The Flag". The New York Times. UPI. November 26, 1983. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
- "Colorful Character Part Of Waco Probe". Sun-Journal, Lewiston, ME. Jan 24, 2000. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
- Maureen Orth (July 2005). "C.S.I. Neverland". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
- "Woman Files Lawsuit Against Van Damme". Black Belt. April 1994. Retrieved 10 June 2012.