Gordon R. Sullivan
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Gordon R. Sullivan
Sullivan in November 1992
|Born||September 25, 1937|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1959–1995|
|Commands held||Chief of Staff of the United States Army|
1st Infantry Division (Mechanized)
1st Brigade, 4th Armored Division
4th Battalion, 73d Armor Regiment
|Awards||Defense Distinguished Service Medal|
Army Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Defense Superior Service Medal
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star Medal
|Other work||President, Association of the United States Army|
Gordon Russell Sullivan (born September 25, 1937) is a retired United States Army general, who served as the 32nd Chief of Staff of the Army and as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Sullivan also served as acting Secretary of the Army.
After retiring from the army, Sullivan served as the president and chief executive of the Association of the United States Army for 18 years, from 1998 through June 30, 2016. He also served as the chairman of the board of trustees of Norwich University until 2016, and serves as chairman of the boards of The Army Historical Foundation and also the Marshall Legacy Project.
Early life and education
Sullivan was born September 25, 1937, in Boston, Massachusetts, and grew up in nearby Quincy. He was commissioned a second lieutenant of Armor and awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree in history from Norwich University in 1959.
Sullivan holds a Master of Arts degree in political science from the University of New Hampshire. His professional military education includes the United States Army Armor School Basic and Advanced Courses, the Command and General Staff College, and the Army War College.
During his army career, Sullivan served as: Assistant Commandant, United States Army Armor School at Fort Knox, Kentucky from November 1983 to July 1985; Deputy Commandant, United States Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas from March 1987 to June 1988; Commanding General, 1st Infantry Division (Mechanized) at Fort Riley, Kansas from June 1988 to July 1989; Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans; and Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army from 1990 to 1991. His overseas assignments included four tours in Europe, two in Vietnam and one in Korea.
Sullivan culminated his service in uniform as the 32nd Chief of Staff of the United States Army—the senior general officer in the army—and a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. As the Chief of Staff of the Army, Sullivan created the vision and led the team that transitioned the army from its Cold War posture. In August 1993, President Bill Clinton assigned the duties and responsibility of acting Secretary of the Army to Sullivan who continued to serve as Chief of Staff.
Sullivan retired from the United States Army on July 31, 1995 after more than 36 years of active service. The military march "Architect of Victory" was dedicated to him on the occasion of his retirement.
Post-army career and later life
Sullivan is the co-author, with Michael V. Harper, of Hope Is Not a Method (Random House, 1996), which chronicles the enormous challenges encountered in transforming the post-Cold War army through the lens of proven leadership principles and a commitment to shared values.
Sullivan currently serves as the chairman of the board of trustees of Norwich University, the Army Historical Foundation, and the Marshall Legacy Institute, as well as a member of the MITRE Army Advisory Board, the MIT Lincoln Laboratory Advisory Board, and a Life Trustee of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute. He was also the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Association of the United States Army, headquartered in Arlington, Virginia from February 1998 through June 2016.
For his work with AUSA, Sullivan was awarded the prestigious Sylvanus Thayer Award by the United States Military Academy in 2003, and the AUSA General George Catlett Marshall Medal, the Association's highest honor, in October 2016.
Awards and decorations
Medals and ribbons
|Combat Infantryman Badge|
|Office of the Secretary of Defense Identification Badge|
|Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge|
|Army Staff Identification Badge|
|Defense Distinguished Service Medal|
|Distinguished Service Medal with oak leaf cluster|
|Defense Superior Service Medal|
|Legion of Merit|
|Meritorious Service Medal with oak leaf cluster|
|Joint Service Commendation Medal|
|Army Commendation Medal with oak leaf cluster|
|Army Achievement Medal|
|Meritorious Unit Commendation|
|National Defense Service Medal with service star|
|Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal|
|Vietnam Service Medal with four service stars|
|Army Service Ribbon|
|Overseas Service Ribbon with award numeral 4|
|Order of Military Merit (Grand Cross) (Brazil)|
|Officer of the Ordre national du Mérite (France)|
|Badge of Honour of the Bundeswehr in gold (Germany)|
|Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation|
|Vietnam Campaign Medal|
Sullivan appears in the Lee Child book The Enemy, set in January 1990, in which protagonist Jack Reacher believes that the Army Chief of Staff is at the heart of a conspiracy that has left three people dead. Reacher goes to the Pentagon to confront the Chief of Staff.
It is revealed that the Chief of Staff has actually been helping Reacher's investigation into the murders by making key personnel changes in army installations in the United States and elsewhere. Sullivan is mentioned by title only, but the Chief of Staff is described in the books as having come up in the army from the Armored Division. The Chief of Staff also discusses the challenges posed by the end of the Cold War and the resulting restructuring of the army.
- "Secretary of the Army Accused of Shoplifting", Stephanie Griffith and Bill Miller, The Washington Post, August 28, 1993.
- The Sullivan File at the Wayback Machine (archived February 8, 2005), NU webpage.
- TESTIMONY BEFORE THE U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND COMMERCE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Robert W. RisCassi
| Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army
Carl E. Vuono
| Chief of Staff of the United States Army|
John W. Shannon (Acting)
| Acting United States Secretary of the Army
August 28 – November 21, 1993
Togo D. West Jr.