Gordon Ramsay in 2006
8 November 1966 |
Johnstone, Renfrewshire, Scotland
|Spouse(s)||Tana Ramsay (m. 1996)
|Cooking style||French / Italian / British|
Gordon James Ramsay, OBE (born 8 November 1966) is a Scottish born British chef and restaurateur. His restaurants have been awarded 16 Michelin stars in total and currently hold 14. His signature restaurant, Restaurant Gordon Ramsay in Chelsea, London, has held 3 Michelin stars since 2001. Ramsay is known for presenting TV programmes about competitive cookery and food, such as the British series Hell's Kitchen, The F Word, and Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares, along with the American versions of Hell's Kitchen, Kitchen Nightmares, MasterChef, MasterChef Junior and Hotel Hell.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Football career
- 3 Early cooking career
- 4 Head chef
- 5 Awards
- 6 Gordon Ramsay Holdings
- 7 Television
- 8 Public image and reception
- 9 Personal life
- 10 Restaurants owned or operated by Ramsay
- 11 Filmography
- 12 Notable television appearances
- 13 Bibliography
- 14 References
- 15 Further reading
- 16 External links
Ramsay was born on 8 November 1966 in Johnstone, Renfrewshire, Scotland. From the age of five, he was raised in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England. Ramsay is the second of four children. He has an older sister, Diane; a younger brother, Ronnie; and a younger sister, Yvonne. Ramsay's father, Gordon James Senior (died 1997), was — at various times — a swimming pool manager, a welder, and a shopkeeper; his sister Yvonne and their mother Helen (maiden name: Cosgrove) have been nurses.
Ramsay has described his early life as "hopelessly itinerant"; his family moved constantly due to the aspirations and failures of his father, who was an at-times-violent alcoholic. In 1976, they finally settled in Stratford-upon-Avon, where he grew up in the Bishopton area of the town. In his autobiography, Humble Pie, he describes his early life as being marked by abuse and neglect from this "hard-drinking womaniser". At the age of 16, Ramsay moved out of the family house into a flat in Banbury.
Ramsay played football and was first chosen to play under-14 football at age 12. He was chosen to play for Warwickshire. His football career was marked by injuries, causing him to remark later in life, "Perhaps I was doomed when it came to football". In mid-1984, Ramsay had a trial with Rangers, the club he supported as a boy. He seriously injured his knee, smashing the cartilage during training. Ramsay continued to train and play on the injured knee, tearing a cruciate ligament during a squash game.
Ramsay has claimed to have played two first team games for Rangers. According to his autobiography Ramsay played "a couple of non-league matches as a trialist" for Rangers and was signed by the club at the age of 15.
Allan Cairns, the photographer who took the picture in September 1985, said the photo was not one of Rangers first team but a side picked to play a testimonial match. A Rangers spokesman said: "Ramsay was a trialist in that testimonial game. He trained with us for a few months after that but then got injured."
In series 4, episode 12 of The F Word (originally aired on 29 July 2008), Ramsay visited Ibrox, the home ground of his favourite childhood team, Rangers, and exclaimed, "Home, Sweet Home" and said, "My dream came true when I was spotted in the mid-80s and I joined the youth team here in Ibrox." He related that one of his fondest memories is playing alongside one of Scotland's football legends, Ally McCoist, who said about Ramsay, "I remember him well and the one thing that never ever will change is that he's a competitive so-and-so and wants to do and be the best that he can." Ramsay recalled that, "the pain of being released on the back of an injury" was only assuaged many years later, "after receiving [his] third Michelin Star", and concluded that, "without the upset at Ibrox, I would not be the chef I am today."
Early cooking career
By this time, Ramsay's interest in cooking had already begun, and rather than be known as the football player with the gammy knee, at age 19, Ramsay paid more serious attention to his culinary education. After weighing his options, Ramsay enrolled at North Oxfordshire Technical College, sponsored by the Rotarians, to study Hotel Management. He describes his decision to enter catering college as "an accident, a complete accident".
In the early 1980s, he worked as a commis chef at the Wroxton House Hotel then ran the kitchen and 60-seat dining room at the Wickham Arms, until his sexual relationship with the owner's wife made the situation difficult. Ramsay then moved to London, where he worked in a series of restaurants until being inspired to work for the temperamental Marco Pierre White at Harvey's.
After working at Harveys for two years and ten months, Ramsay, tired of "the rages and the bullying and violence", decided that the way to further advance his career was to study French cuisine. White discouraged Ramsay from taking a job in Paris, instead encouraging him to work for Albert Roux at Le Gavroche in Mayfair. (While at Le Gavroche, he met Jean-Claude Breton, now his maître d'hôtel at Royal Hospital Road.) After working at Le Gavroche for a year, Albert Roux invited Ramsay to work with him at Hotel Diva, a ski resort in the French Alps, as his number two. From there, Ramsay moved to Paris to work with Guy Savoy and Joël Robuchon, both Michelin-starred chefs. In Master Chef Season 3, Episode 18, Gordon Ramsay states that Guy Savoy was his mentor. He continued his training in France for three years, before giving in to the physical and mental stress of the kitchens and taking a year to work as a personal chef on the private yacht Idlewild, based in Bermuda.
Upon his return to London in 1993, Ramsay was offered the position of head chef (under chef-patron Pierre Koffmann) at the Three Michelin starred La Tante Claire in Chelsea. Shortly thereafter, Marco Pierre White re-entered his life, offering to set him up with a head chef position and 10% share in the Rossmore, owned by White's business partners. The restaurant was renamed Aubergine and went on to win its first Michelin star fourteen months later. In 1997, Aubergine won its second Michelin star. Despite the restaurant's success, a dispute with Ramsay's business owners and Ramsay's dream of running his own restaurant led to his leaving the partnership in 1997. In 1998, Ramsay opened his own restaurant in Chelsea, Restaurant Gordon Ramsay, with the help of his father-in-law, Chris Hutcheson. The restaurant gained its third Michelin star in 2001, making Ramsay the first Scot to achieve that feat.
From his first restaurant, Ramsay's empire has expanded rapidly, next opening Petrus, then Amaryllis in Glasgow (which he was later forced to close) and later Gordon Ramsay at Claridge's. He hired his friend and maître d'hôtel Jean-Philippe Susilovic, who works at Petrus and also appears on Ramsay's US TV show Hell's Kitchen. Restaurants at the Dubai Creek and Connaught hotels followed, the latter branded with his protégé Angela Hartnett's name. Ramsay has opened restaurants outside the UK, beginning with Verre in Dubai. Two restaurants, Gordon Ramsay at Conrad Tokyo and Cerise by Gordon Ramsay, both opened in Tokyo in 2005. In November 2006, Gordon Ramsay at the London opened in New York City, winning top newcomer in the city’s coveted Zagat guide, despite mixed reviews from professional critics.
In 2007, Ramsay opened his first restaurant in Ireland, Gordon Ramsay at Powerscourt, at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel in Powerscourt, County Wicklow. This restaurant closed in 2013. In May 2008 he opened his first restaurant, Boxwood, on the US west coast in The London West Hollywood Hotel (formerly the Bel-Age Hotel) on the Sunset Strip in Los Angeles.
On 9 August 2011, Ramsay opened his first Canadian restaurant, Laurier Gordon Ramsay (at the former Rotisserie Laurier BBQ) in Montreal. In February 2012 Danny Lavy, the owner of the restaurant, announced the restaurant was disassociating itself from Ramsay, citing a lack of involvement and understanding on Ramsay's part. In 2013, the restaurant closed.
Opened in 1998, Restaurant Gordon Ramsay was Ramsay’s first solo restaurant, located at Royal Hospital Road, London. In 2001, it was voted Top Restaurant in the UK in the London Zagat Survey and was awarded its third Michelin star, making Gordon Ramsay the first Scottish chef to win three Michelin stars. In 2011, the Daily Mail claimed that Ramsay spent more time on television than in the kitchen but he still retained the three stars for his Chelsea restaurant. At that time Ramsay was one of only four chefs in the UK to retain three Michelin Stars for his restaurant (the others being Heston Blumenthal, Alain Ducasse and Alain Roux).
He was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) by Queen Elizabeth II in the 2006 honours list for services to the hospitality industry, but almost missed the award when his plane was delayed.
In July 2006, Ramsay won the Catey award for "Independent Restaurateur of the Year", becoming only the third person to have won three Catey awards. Ramsay's two previous Catey awards were in 1995 (Newcomer of the Year) and 2000 (Chef of the Year). The other two triple-winners are Michel Roux, and Jacquie Pern. In September 2006, he was named as the most influential person in the UK hospitality industry in the annual Caterersearch 100 list, published by Caterer and Hotelkeeper magazine. He overtook Jamie Oliver, who had been top of the list in 2005. Also in 2006, Ramsay was nominated as a candidate for Rector of the University of St Andrews, but lost at the polls to Simon Pepper.
Ramsay's flagship restaurant, Restaurant Gordon Ramsay, was voted London's top restaurant in Harden's for eight years, but in 2008 was placed below Petrus, a restaurant run by former protégé Marcus Wareing. In January 2013, Ramsay was inducted into the Culinary Hall of Fame.
Gordon Ramsay Holdings
All of Ramsay's business interests (restaurants, media, consultancy) are held in the company Gordon Ramsay Holdings Limited, which was run in partnership with his father-in-law Chris Hutcheson. Ramsay owns a 69% stake valued at £67 million.
Whereas previous ventures acted as a combined consultant/brand, in November 2006 Ramsay announced plans to create three restaurants in the United States in partnership with private equity firm Blackstone Group, who are refurbishing each of the chosen hotels into five star locations at a cost of £100 million per hotel. At an investment of £3 million per restaurant for the 10-year lease, all the restaurants offer the chef’s trademark modern European cuisine, and opened in 2006/2007 at:
- Gordon Ramsay at the London Hotel in Manhattan, New York, October 2006
- Gordon Ramsay at the Cielo in Boca Raton, Florida
- Gordon Ramsay at the London Hotel in West Hollywood, California
- Gordon Ramsay at the Mirabelle in London
In late 2006 Gordon Ramsay Holdings purchased three London pubs which he converted into gastropubs. These are: The Narrow in Limehouse, which opened in March 2007, the Devonshire in Chiswick, which opened in October 2007 and The Warrington in Maida Vale, which opened in February 2008. Both The Devonshire and The Warrington were subsequently sold in 2011 (The Warrington to pub company Faucet Inn), leaving The Narrow as the sole pub in GRH's portfolio.
In May 2008 it was confirmed that Ramsay's protégé of 15 years, Marcus Wareing was going solo, having opened and operated Pétrus at The Berkeley Hotel on behalf of Gordon Ramsay Holdings since 2003. With the name Pétrus owned by Gordon Ramsay Holdings, industry sources suggested it was likely to transfer to another restaurant in the group with the former La Noisette site identified as the most likely.
On 19 October 2010, the company Gordon Ramsay Holdings Limited announced that Chris Hutcheson had left his position as CEO of Gordon Ramsay Holdings Ltd. Shortly after, Ramsay released a letter to the press describing how he had unravelled the "manipulative" Hutcheson's "complex life" after having him followed by a private detective. His father-in-law's "away days," wrote Ramsay, "were rarely what I thought they were." Company accounts show Hutcheson borrowed up to £1.5 million from Gordon Ramsay Holdings, of which he was chief executive, though he says he reported the borrowings to the company and paid the money back. Hutcheson said he had been "vaporised" and subjected to a "public hanging" by Ramsay, whom he described as a friendless egotist.
In October 2012, Ramsay opened The Fat Cow in Los Angeles, US at The Grove, a shopping area that is also popular with tourists. Ramsay explained his intention for the Fat Cow in a press release to signify the opening of the venue: "The concept for The Fat Cow came from my desire to have a neighborhood restaurant that you could go to all the time to just relax and enjoy a terrific meal."
In partnership with footballer David Beckham, Ramsay opened the Union Street Café in the Southwark district of London, UK in September 2013. The Italian cuisine of the Union Street Café, with a menu that is revolved on a daily basis, is overseen by Chef Davide Degiovanni.
In October 2013, the Gordon Ramsay at The London restaurant in New York lost its two Michelin stars due to issues encountered by the Michelin reviewers. The guide's director Michael Ellis stated that he was served "some very erratic meals" and also experienced "issues with consistency". The loss follows the closure of another of Ramsay's restaurants in June 2013.
In January 2014 Ramsay lost a high court case in relation to the "York & Albany pub". Ramsay claimed that his father-in-law had misused a 'ghost writing' machine to make a personal guarantor for the £640,000 a year annual rent of that pub. Ramsay tried to nullify the 25-year lease, signed in 2007. The judge said that Ramsay had known from the guarantee before hand but that he had total trust in his father-in-law Christopher Hutcheson and left the deal with him. The judge dismissed the case and ordered Ramsay to pay all legal costs and outstanding monies, in total more than a million pound.
Ramsay's first documented role in television was in two fly-on-the-kitchen-wall documentaries: Boiling Point (1998) and Beyond Boiling Point (2000), but had appeared previously as a judge on a masterchef-like series for young catering students in 1997, with his then restaurant partner.
Ramsay appeared on series three of Faking It in 2001 helping the prospective chef, a burger flipper named Ed Devlin, learn the trade. This episode won the 2001 BAFTA for "Best Factual TV Moment".
In 2004, Ramsay appeared in two British television series. Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares aired on Channel 4, and saw the chef troubleshooting failing restaurants over a one-week period. This series ran its fifth series in 2007. Hell's Kitchen was a reality show, which aired on ITV1, and saw Ramsay attempt to train ten British celebrities to be chefs, as they ran a restaurant on Brick Lane which opened to the public for the two-week duration of the show.
In May 2005, the FOX network introduced Ramsay to American audiences in a US version of Hell's Kitchen produced by Granada Entertainment and A. Smith & Co. The show follows a similar premise as the original British series, showcasing Ramsay's perfectionism and infamously short temper. The show completed its 13th season in December 2014, and Fox ordered the production of three additional seasons. In addition, Ramsay had also hosted a US version of Kitchen Nightmares which premiered on Fox on 19 September 2007. The show has now run six full seasons, with a seventh season being shown during 2014.
Ramsay has presented five series of a food-based magazine programme titled The F Word; it launched on Channel 4 on 27 October 2005. The show is organised around several key, recurring features, notably a brigade competition, a guest cook competition, a food related investigative report and a series-long project of raising animals to be served in the finale. The guest cook (usually a celebrity) prepares a dish of their own choosing and places it in competition against a similar dish submitted by Ramsay. The dishes are judged by diners who are unaware of who cooked which dish and, if the guest wins (as they have on numerous occasions), their dish is served at Ramsay's restaurant.
In the first series of The F Word, Ramsay mockingly named the turkeys he raised: Antony, Ainsley, Jamie, Delia, Gary and Nigella — all in reference to other celebrity chefs. During the second series, Ramsay named the two pigs that he was raising after Trinny Woodall and Susannah Constantine who found the naming highly amusing. In July 2006, Channel 4 announced that it had re-signed Ramsay to an exclusive four-year deal at the network, running until July 2011. During the third series, Ramsay reared lambs that had been selected from a farm in North Wales and he named them after two Welsh celebrities, Charlotte Church and Gavin Henson. The series became one of the highest rated shows aired on Channel 4 each week. During one episode of The F Word, Ramsay cooked in Doncaster Prison in Marshgate for its inmates. The chef was so impressed by the speed at which a prisoner, Kieron Tarff, chopped vegetables that he offered him a job at his restaurant following his release in 2007.
In 2010, Ramsay served as a producer and judge on the US version of MasterChef. (A second season of the show began in June 2011, again starring Ramsay.) On that same show, he was joined by culinary judges Graham Elliot and Joe Bastianich. He starred in a travelogue about his visit to India, Gordon's Great Escape followed by a series set in Asia. He hosted the series Ramsay's Best Restaurant, which was the first UK series by Ramsay's own production company, One Potato Two Potato.
Ramsay joined several other celebrity chefs in the 2010 series, The Big Fish Fight, where he, along with fellow chef Jamie Oliver and a few others, spent time on a trawler boat to raise awareness about the discarding of hundreds of thousands of salt water fish.
In March 2012, Fox announced the coming of Ramsay's fourth series for the Fox network, Hotel Hell; the series is similar to Kitchen Nightmares, except that it focuses on struggling hotels, motels and other lodging establishments in the United States. Originally slated for debut 6 April 2012 and 4 June 2012, the series debuted 13 August 2012.
On 18 October 2012, Ramsay is producing a drama called The Inferno.
In September 2005, Ramsay, along with Jamie Oliver, Heston Blumenthal, Wolfgang Puck and Sanjeev Kapoor, were featured in CNN International's Quest, in which Richard Quest stepped into the shoes of celebrity chefs.
In 2006, Ramsay took part in a television series for ITV, following the lead-up to Soccer Aid, a celebrity charity football match, in which he played only the first half, nursing an injury picked up in training. Ramsay captained the Rest of the World XI against an England XI captained by Robbie Williams. His involvement was limited after he received a four-inch cut in his calf.
During his second Top Gear appearance, he stated that his current cars are a Ferrari F430 and a Range Rover Sport Supercharged, the latter replacing the Bentley Continental GT he previously owned. On 14 May 2006, he appeared on Top Gear in the "Star in a Reasonably-Priced Car" segment. Ramsay held the top spot on Top Gear's celebrity leader board, with a lap time of 1.46.38 until overtaken by Simon Cowell.
Ramsay starred in part of a National Blood Service "Give Blood" television advertisement, in which he said that he would have died from a ruptured spleen had it not have been for another person's blood donation. On 13 October 2006, he was guest host on the first episode of Have I Got News for You's 32nd series. On 27 December 2007, Ramsay appeared in the Extras Christmas special.
In January 2008, Ramsay also guest featured on Channel 4's Big Brother: Celebrity Hijack as the Big Brother housemates took part in his Cookalong Live television show. Gordon spoke directly to the Big Brother House via the house plasma screens, regularly checking on the progress of the contestants.
In 2011, during the results show of American Idol, footage of the top 5 contestants taking on a challenge of cooking with Gordon Ramsay was shown. The Top 5 were given 10 minutes to make the best omelettes.
In June 2006, Ramsay won a High Court case against the London Evening Standard newspaper, in which Victor Lewis Smith had alleged, after reports from previous owner Sue Ray, that scenes and the general condition of Bonaparte's had been faked for Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares. Ramsay was awarded £75,000 plus costs. Ramsay said at the time: "I won't let people write anything they want to about me. We have never done anything in a cynical fake way".
In June 2007, Ramsay's show was sued by the terminated general manager (Martin Hyde) of the New York restaurant Purnima (Dillon's), who also alleged fakery. Hyde had quit his position at the restaurant during the show, when Ramsay suggested that the owner hire top Indian Chef Vikas Khanna as the Consultant Chef for Purnima. The lawsuit alleged that "unknown to the viewing audience, some or all of Kitchen Nightmares are fake and the so-called 'problems uncovered and solved' by Ramsay are, for the most part, created by Ramsay and his staff for the purpose of making it appear that Ramsay is improving the restaurant". In August 2007, the case was dismissed voluntarily and ordered into arbitration as stipulated in their contract.
On 21 March 2012, Ramsay filed a $2.7 million lawsuit against his former partners of his restaurant in Montreal, Quebec, the Laurier Gordon Ramsay (since renamed The Laurier 1936), over lost licensing fees and defamatory statements made against him. On 16 April 2013, just over a year later, Laurier 1936 closed.
Public image and reception
Ramsay's reputation is built upon his goal of culinary perfection. Since the airing of Boiling Point which followed Ramsay's quest of earning three Michelin stars, the chef has also become infamous for his fiery temper and use of expletives. Ramsay once famously ejected food critic A. A. Gill along with his dining companion, Joan Collins, from his restaurant, leading Gill to state that "Ramsay is a wonderful chef, just a really second-rate human being." Ramsay admitted in his autobiography that he did not mind if Gill insulted his food, but a personal insult he was not going to stand for. Ramsay has also had confrontations with his kitchen staff, including one incident that resulted in the pastry chef calling the police. A 2005 interview reported Ramsay had retained 85% of his staff since 1993. Ramsay attributes his management style to the influence of previous mentors, notably chefs Marco Pierre White and Guy Savoy, father-in-law Chris Hutcheson, and Jock Wallace, his manager while a footballer at Rangers.
Ramsay's ferocious temper has contributed to his media appeal in both the United Kingdom and the United States, where his programmes are produced. MSN Careers featured an article about television's worst bosses, which listed Ramsay as the only non-fictional boss. They cited his frequent loss of his temper and his harsh critiques, notably when he picks on something other than one's cooking abilities, such as calling someone a "chunky monkey."
In November 2007, Ramsay installed 29-year-old Clare Smyth as head chef at his three-Michelin-starred flagship restaurant on London’s Royal Hospital Road. Smyth is the second high profile appointment of a female chef by Ramsay, after Angela Hartnett.
Ramsay has been criticised for his frequent use of profanity on his programmes, first by British celebrity cook Delia Smith, then, in relation to Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares, by a member of the Federal Parliament of Australia. In his autobiography, Ramsay himself said he was unaware of the extent of his swearing until he watched an episode of Boiling Point. While he stated he did not have a problem with it, "Mum was appalled".
On 5 June 2009, Ramsay started trading national TV insults with Australia's Nine Network, A Current Affair journalist Tracy Grimshaw. The day after his interview, he was a guest feature at the Melbourne Food and Wine festival. While doing his display, he allegedly insulted Grimshaw and made insinuations about her sexuality. Grimshaw responded the next day, calling Ramsay an "arrogant, narcissist bully". Ramsay eventually apologised, stating that his behaviour "was a joke".
Ramsay has also drawn the ire of vegetarians. In 2005, he served ham to an unknowing vegetarian in an episode of Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares (Ramsay, in narrations during the episode, said he did not realise a chef at the restaurant put ham underneath vegetable toppings. The chef was also shown to have not revealed all of the ingredients within the dish.) He has also told the BBC that he has lied to vegetarian diners to conceal the presence of chicken stock in his soup.
Despite being known for his ferocious temper, Ramsay has been well-received as the host of Masterchef Junior; in contrast to his interaction with adults, Ramsay was shown to be more considerate and sensitive to the kids featured on the show.
On the second series of The F Word, Ramsay showed a softened stance on vegetarianism after learning about intensive pig farming practices including castration and tail docking. On the programme, Ramsay commented, "It's enough to make anyone turn fucking vegetarian, for God's sake. And I've always sort of knocked vegetarians and vegans for missing out on the most amazing flavour you can get from meat. But you can see why so many people change instantly."
Ramsay has been highly critical of Food Network and Iron Chef America star Mario Batali. The New York Post reported in 2009 that Batali has banned Ramsay from his restaurants. This alleged feud goes back to when Batali was highly critical of Ramsay's cooking style for being "dull and outdated". Batali has since stated that the alleged feud "was created by a couple of journalists." Batali went on to state, "I'd love to hang out with Ramsay."
Ramsay married Cayetana Elizabeth Hutcheson (known as Tana), a Montessori-trained schoolteacher, in 1996. The couple have four children, Megan, Matilda, and twins Jack and Holly. They live in Wandsworth Common. Until 2010, Ramsay's father-in-law, Chris Hutcheson, was responsible for the business operations of Ramsay's restaurant empire.
On 15 November 2002, Ramsay was breathalysed, arrested, and charged with driving under the influence of excess alcohol in London. While he remained charged, he was informed by police that the case would be discontinued.
Ramsay has been involved in a series of charitable events and organisations. He fulfilled his aim of finishing 10 marathons in ten years by running his 10th consecutive London Marathon on 26 April 2009, sponsoring the Scottish Spina Bifida Association.
Ramsay has been Honorary Patron of the Scottish Spina Bifida Association since 2004, and in 2005 he launched The Gordon Ramsay "Buy a Brick" appeal to help the organisation raise funds to build a new Family Support Centre and Head Office in Glasgow. In 2006 he launched a new Appeal to help the charity raise the funds required to continue to run the support centre "What's your favourite F Word, Gordon's is Fundraising". In November 2007 Ramsay hosted a St Andrew's Day Gala Dinner at Stirling Castle in aid of the Association and has now made this fundraising Gala Dinner an annual event.
During March 2005 Ramsay teamed up with Indian chef Madhur Jaffrey to help the VSO, an international development charity group to support its Spice Up Your Life event. The charity hoped to raise £100,000 for VSO’s work in HIV and AIDS in India. The Ramsays were the first couple to become ambassadors for the women's charity Women's Aid in 2005. The couple ran the Flora Families marathon to support Women's Aid.
In 2008, Ramsay was in Iceland's Westman Islands filming a puffin hunting segment when he lost his footing and fell during a descent off an 85 ft cliff, landing in the icy water below. He said, "I thought I was a goner." He reached the surface of the water by removing his heavy boots and waterproof clothing. His film crew, who rescued Ramsay by throwing him a rope, reported that he was submerged for at least 45 seconds. During the ordeal, he remembers how he felt: "I was panicking and my lungs were filling with water. When I got to the top after getting my boots off, I was dazed and my head was totally massive."
Pre-prepared meal controversy
On 17 April 2009 it was revealed that Ramsay's restaurant, Foxtrot Oscar in Chelsea, West London, used pre-prepared food that was heated up and sold with mark-ups of up to 586%. It was also revealed that three of his gastropubs in London did the same thing. A spokeswoman for Gordon Ramsay explained, "Gordon Ramsay chefs prepare components of dishes devised and produced to the highest Gordon Ramsay standards. These are supplied to those kitchens with limited cooking space such as Foxtrot Oscar and Gordon Ramsay's highly acclaimed pubs, including the Narrow. These are sealed and transported daily in refrigerated vans and all menu dishes are then cooked in the individual kitchens. This is only for the supply of Foxtrot Oscar and the three pubs and allows each establishment to control the consistency and the quality of the food served." Reflecting on the controversy in 2010, Ramsay was unapologetic, stating:
When I was working at the Gavroche all those years ago, the duck terrine wasn’t made there. It was made outside, then brought to the restaurant wrapped in plastic. This is standard practice. What on earth was the fuss about?
After being photographed with a puffy face and wearing a "medical-looking" cap on his head rumours started that Ramsay had undergone a procedure. Initially, he explained away the rumours, putting his swollen face and scalp down to an infection and an allergic reaction. It was discovered afterwards that he had undergone a procedure known as follicular unit extraction (FUE) for £30,000.
Restaurants owned or operated by Ramsay
|Restaurant||Location||Rating||Date opened||Date closed|
|Restaurant Gordon Ramsay||Chelsea, London, England||1998||-|
|Pétrus||London, England||March 1999||-|
|Savoy Grill||Savoy Hotel, London, England||November 2010 (Remodel)||-|
|Foxtrot Oscar||Chelsea, London, England||-|
|Maze Grill||London, England||April 2008||-|
|Gordon Ramsay's Plane Food||Terminal 5, Heathrow Airport, London, England||27 March 2008||-|
|York and Albany||Regent's Park, London, England||July 2008||-|
|Bread Street Kitchen||One New Change, London, England||September 2011||-|
|Union Street Café||London, England||September 2013||-|
|The Boxwood Café||The Berkeley Hotel, London, England||2003||April 2010|
|Gordon Ramsay at Claridge's||Claridge's, London, England||2001||June 2013|
|La Noisette||Sloane Street, London, England||2007||March 2009|
|Restaurant||Location||Rating||Date opened||Date closed|
|Gordon Ramsay at The London||The London West Hollywood, West Hollywood, California||February 2015|
|Boxwood Café||The London West Hollywood, West Hollywood, California||-|
|Gordon Ramsay at The London||The London NYC, New York City||October 2014|
|Maze by Gordon Ramsay||The London NYC, New York City||-|
|Cielo by Angela Hartnett||Boca Raton, Florida|
|Gordon Ramsay BurGR||Planet Hollywood, Las Vegas, Nevada||January 2013||-|
|Gordon Ramsay Steak||Paris Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada||May 2012||-|
|Gordon Ramsay Pub & Grill||Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas, Nevada||December 2012||-|
|The Fat Cow||The Grove at Farmers Market, Los Angeles, California||October 2012||March 2014|
|Laurier Gordon Ramsay||Montreal, Quebec, Canada||August 2011 (Acquired)||February 2012 (Left GRH)|
|Restaurant||Location||Rating||Date opened||Date closed|
|Gordon Ramsay at Fortevillage||Sardinia, Italy||July 2009||-|
|Gordon Ramsay at Castel Monastero||Tuscany, Italy||-|
|Gordon Ramsay au Trianon||Versailles, France||-|
|Gordon Ramsay at Powerscourt||Powerscourt Estate, Enniskerry, Ireland||-|
Other international locations
|Restaurant||Location||Rating||Date opened||Date closed|
|Verre at the Hilton Dubai Creek||Dubai, United Arab Emirates||October 2011|
|Maze by Gordon Ramsay||The Pearl-Qatar, Doha, Qatar||2010||March 2012|
|Gordon Ramsay at Conrad Tokyo||Conrad Tokyo, Japan||July 2005||June 2013|
|Maze by Gordon Ramsay||One and Only Hotel, Cape Town, South Africa||April 2009||July 2010|
|Maze / Maze Grill by Gordon Ramsay||Crown Metropol, Melbourne, Australia||March 2010||August 2011|
|Bread Street Kitchen & Bar||Lan Kwai Fong, Hong Kong||19 September 2014|
|Bread Street Kitchen||Marina Bay, Singapore||19 June 2015|
|Bread Street Kitchen||Atlantis, The Palm, Dubai, United Arab Emirates||Fall 2015 |
- Boiling Point (5 part documentary) (Channel 4, 1998)
- Beyond Boiling Point (6 part documentary) (Channel 4, 2000)
- Ramsay – Trouble at the Top (documentary about him taking over the Connaught Hotel restaurant, 2002)
- Love's Kitchen (feature film, 2011)
Notable television appearances
- Top Gear (BBC Two, 22 December 2002, 14 May 2006)
- Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares (Channel 4, 2004 – 2009)
- Hell's Kitchen UK (ITV, 2004, returned for 3 more series with Gary Rhodes, John Christope-Novelli & Marco-Pierre White)
- Hell's Kitchen US (Fox, 2005– present)
- The F Word (Channel 4, 27 October 2005 – 7 January 2010)
- Soccer Aid (ITV, May 2006, September 2008, June 2010, May 2012, June 2014)
- Extras Christmas Special (BBC Two 2007)
- Kitchen Nightmares (Fox, 2007–2014)
- Gordon Ramsay: Cookalong Live (Channel 4, 18 January 2008 – 12 December 2008)
- Gordon Ramsay: Cookalong Live US (Fox, 15 December 2009)
- Gordon's Great Escape (Channel 4, January 2010)
- MasterChef US (Fox, 27 July 2010 – present)
- Ramsay's Best Restaurant (Channel 4, 14 September 2010 – 9 November 2010)
- Christmas with Gordon (Channel 4, December 2010)
- The Simpsons – "The Food Wife" (Fox, 13 November 2011)
- Gordon Behind Bars (Channel 4, 26 June 2012 – 17 July 2012)
- Hotel Hell (Fox, 13 August 2012 – present)
- Gordon Ramsay's Ultimate Cookery Course (Channel 4, 10 September 2012)
- Hotel GB (Channel 4, 1 October 2012 – 5 October 2012)
- Gordon Ramsay's Home Cooking (Channel 4, 2013)
- MasterChef Junior (Fox, 2013– present)
- Ant & Dec's Saturday Night Takeaway (ITV, 1 March 2013)
- Ramsay's Costa del Nightmares (Channel 4, 23 September 2014)
- Masterchef Poland (TVN, 19 October 2014)
Since 1996, Ramsay has written 21 books. Ramsay also contributes a food-and-drink column to The Times' Saturday magazine.
- Gordon Ramsay’s Passion For Flavour (1996), ISBN 978-1850298410
- Gordon Ramsay’s Passion For Seafood (1999), ISBN 978-1850299936
- Gordon Ramsay A Chef For All Seasons (2000), ISBN 978-1580082341
- Gordon Ramsay’s Just Desserts (2001), ISBN 978-1571457011
- Gordon Ramsay’s Secrets (2003), ISBN 978-1844000371
- Gordon Ramsay’s Kitchen Heaven (2004), ISBN 978-0141017976
- Gordon Ramsay Makes It Easy (2005), ISBN 978-0764598784
- Gordon Ramsay Easy All Year Round (2006), ISBN 978-1844002801
- Gordon Ramsay's Sunday Lunch and other recipes from the F word (2006), ISBN 978-1844002801
- Humble Pie (2006) (Autobiography), ISBN 978-0007270965
- Roasting in Hell's Kitchen (2006) (US title for Humble Pie), ISBN 978-0061191985
- Gordon Ramsay's Fast Food Recipes from the F Word (2007), ISBN 978-1844004539
- Playing With Fire (2007) (Follow up to Autobiography), ISBN 0007259883
- Recipes From a 3 Star Chef (2007), ISBN 978-1844005000
- Gordon Ramsay's Three Star Chef (2008), ISBN 978-1554700905
- Gordon Ramsay's Fast Food (2008), ISBN 978-1554700646
- Gordon Ramsay's Healthy Appetite (2008), ISBN 978-1402797880
- Cooking for Friends: Food from My Table (2008), ISBN 978-0061435041
- Gordon Ramsay's World Kitchen: Recipes from "The F Word" (2009), ISBN 978-1554701995
- Ramsay's Best Menus (2010), ISBN 978-1844009152
- Gordon Ramsay's Great Escape: 100 of my favourite Indian recipes (2010), ISBN 978-0007267057
- Gordon's Great Escape: 100 of my favourites South-east Asia recipes (2011), ISBN 978-0007267040
- Gordon Ramsay's Ultimate Cookery Course (2012), ISBN 978-1444756692
- Gordon Ramsay's Home Cooking: Everything You Need to Know to Make Fabulous Food (2013), ISBN 978-1455525256
- Master Chefs Series
- Cook Cards
- Bremner, Charles (2 March 2009). "Gordon Ramsay wins Michelin stars for first restaurant in France". The Times (London). Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- Richard Vines (16 March 2009). "Ramsay Wins 13th Michelin Star as Chef Counts Cost of Expansion". Bloomberg. Retrieved 25 October 2011.
- Tony, Bonnici (2 October 2013). "Ramsay’s latest nightmare as New York restaurant loses star appeal". The Times (London). Retrieved 2 October 2013.
- "Gordon Ramsay". TVGuide.com. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- "Gordon Ramsay – The man – Biography". Gordonramsay.com. Archived from the original on 1 October 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- Pierce, Andrew (5 October 2008). "The F Factor". The Daily Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- Ramsay, Gordon (2006). Humble Pie. UK: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-722967-4.
- Gordon Behind Bars, Channel 4, 26 June 2012
- Barber, Lynn (13 May 2001). "Mad for it". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 1 August 2006.
- "Chef from a humble background". The Oxford Times. 9 November 2006. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares episode "Bonapartes"
- "Gordon Ramsay on Rangers". The Guardian (London). 5 May 2002. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
- Irvine, Chris; Edwards, Richard (2 March 2009). "Gordon Ramsay admits claims about his Rangers career may be inaccurate". The Telegraph (London). Retrieved 9 November 2010.
- "The man – Timeline". Gordon Ramsay. 19 January 2001. Retrieved 5 March 2011.[dead link]
- Irvine, Chris; Edwards, Richard (2 March 2009). "Gordon Ramsay admits claims about his Rangers career may be inaccurate". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- ""The F Word" Episode #4.12 (TV Episode 2008)". IMDb. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
- "Season 4 Episode 12 – Gordon Ramsay's F Word". BBC America. 6 April 2009. Retrieved 1 August 2010.
- "The Chef from Hell". ninemsn.com.au. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- "Gordon Ramsay: Chef terrible". BBC News World Edition. 20 July 2001. Retrieved 1 August 2006.
- Bone, James (5 November 2006). "Ramsay: I will devour my New York rivals". The Times (UK). Retrieved 17 November 2006.[dead link]
- "Gordon Ramsay's New York restaurant named top newcomer". Caterersearch.com. 11 October 2007. Retrieved 28 November 2007.
- "Gordon Ramsay Other Restaurants – Dublin". GordonRamsay.com. Retrieved 16 November 2007.
- "Gordon Ramsay opens first Canadian venture, Laurier Gordon Ramsay, in Montreal"[dead link]. Gordonramsay.com. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- Laurier BBQ cuts ties with star chef Gordon Ramsay[dead link], Montreal Gazette, 15 February 2012.
- Côté-Bernier, Raphael (16 April 2013). "Fermeture inattendue du Laurier BBQ". Le Journal d'Outremont (in French). Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- Moreton, Cole (11 April 2015). "Gordon Ramsay on his teenage daughter's cooking show, swearing and feuds with other chefs". dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- Abraham, Tamara (19 January 2011). "Gordon Ramsay retains his three-star status as Michelin rates record number of British and Irish restaurants". Daily Mail/MailOnline. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Gordon Ramsay – Ramsay Late For Obe Date with the Queen". Contact Music. 6 July 2006. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Gordon Ramsay joins elite band of triple Catey winners". Caterer and Hotelkeepr. 13 July 2006. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Gordon Ramsay is the most powerful figure in British hospitality". Caterersearch.com. Retrieved 17 November 2006.[dead link]
- "New university rector is welcomed". BBC News. 10 March 2006. Retrieved 17 November 2006.
- "Gordon Ramsay dispute sparks foodie bun-fight". www.meeja.com.au. 12 September 2008. Retrieved 12 September 2008.
- "Gordon Ramsay Inducted". Culinaryhalloffame.com. 29 January 2013. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- Millard, Rosie (30 September 2007). "Rosie Millard meets Gordon Ramsay". The Sunday Times (UK). Retrieved 2 January 2008.
- "Gordon Ramsay Sells The Warrington to Faucet Inn". BigHospitality.co.uk. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- "International Culinary Panel – Singapore Airlines". Singapore Airlines Official Website. Retrieved 17 November 2006.
- "Marcus Wareing leaves Ramsay to work directly with Berkeley Hotel". Amanda Afiya. Caterersearch.com. 27 May 2008. Retrieved 27 May 2008.
- "Ramsay to transfer Pétrus name following split with Wareing". Amanda Afiya. Caterersearch.com. 27 May 2008. Retrieved 27 May 2008.
- Vines, Richard (1 April 2010). "Ramsay Chef Jason Atherton Quits Maze to Open Own Restaurant". Bloomberg. Retrieved 1 August 2010.
- Gilligan, Andrew (11 November 2010). "Can Gordon Ramsay still cut it?". Telegraph. (London). Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- Marian Bacol-Uba (28 November 2012). "Gordon Ramsay’s The Fat Cow Opens At The Grove". CBS Los Angeles. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- Besha Rodell (1 October 2013). "Gordon Ramsay's The Fat Cow: Open Today at The Grove". LA Weekly. LA Weekly, L.P. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- Guy Dimond (9 September 2013). "Union Street Café". Time Out London. Time Out. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- Richard Ehrlich (2 October 2013). "Gordon Ramsay loses two Michelin stars – so what should he do?". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- "Ramsay faces £1m legal bill after York & Albany battle". thecaterer.com. 20 January 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
- "Faking It: Burger Flipper To Chef Episode Summary on". Tv.com. Retrieved 1 August 2010.
- "Classic TV & Movie Hits – Faking It". Classictvhits.com. 18 September 2000. Retrieved 1 August 2010.
- "The Kumars at No 42 returns to BBC One". BBC Press Office. Retrieved 14 February 2007.
- "Laid Bare". The Daily Mirror. Retrieved 29 August 2007.
- "Channel 4 re-signs Gordon Ramsay in exclusive 4-year deal". channel4sales.com. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 6 February 2007.
- "[Weekly Viewing Summary (scroll to w.e 13 May 2007 – 08/07/07)]". BARB. Retrieved 29 August 2007.
- "Tasty offer from TV chef to convict". WACS2000. Retrieved 3 January 2007.
- "Masterchef USA Teaser". TV Tonight.com. 21 June 2010. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
- "Fox Schedules Gordon Ramsay's 'Hotel Hell,' More Midseason Dates", 10 February 2012. The Hollywood Reporter (17 November 2011). Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- Entertainment Weekly, via CNN: "Gordon Ramsay scores new Fox reality show: 'Hotel Hell'", 21 September 2011. Cnn.com (21 September 2011). Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- "The Finder" Moves To Fridays On 6 April, ‘Hotel Hell’ Premiere Pushed To Summer – Ratings | TVbytheNumbers. Tvbythenumbers.zap2it.com (2 March 2012). Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- Premiere Dates Announced for ‘So You Think You Can Dance’, ‘Hell’s Kitchen’, ‘MasterChef’ and ‘Hotel Hell’ – Ratings | TVbytheNumbers. Tvbythenumbers.zap2it.com (28 March 2012). Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- Deadline.com: "Gordon Ramsay’s Fox Series ‘Hotel Hell’ To Premiere In August", 11 June 2012.
- "Gordon Ramsay to produce restaurant TV drama 'The Inferno'". Digital Spy. Retrieved 18 October 2012.
- "Taking on the super-chefs". CNN International. Retrieved 12 February 2007.
- "Top Gear Celebrity Laps". Top Gear official website. Retrieved 17 November 2006.
- "Chef Ramsay wins £75,000 damages". BBC News. 20 June 2006. Retrieved 20 July 2006.
- Pilkington, Ed (20 June 2007). "Ramsay accused of dirty tricks on US TV show". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 20 June 2007.
- Cornell, Kati (10 August 2007). "TV Chef Out of Frying Pan". New York Post. Retrieved 14 August 2007.[dead link]
- Canadian Press, via CTV: "Ramsay cooks up defamation suit against Montreal eatery", 21 March 2012. Ctv.ca (21 March 2012). Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- "Celebrity chef Gordon Ramsay sues Montreal eatery for $2.72 million". Washington Post. 21 March 2012.[dead link]
- "Laurier BBQ to shut down again". CTV Montreal News. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- Bone, James (10 August 2005). "Ramsay swears by good service". The Times (UK). Retrieved 1 August 2006.
- Lessware, Jonathan (18 October 2004). "Ramsay in hot water after scuffle on the set of US show". The Scotsman (Edinburgh, UK). Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- "Gordon Ramsay Interview". femalefirst.co.uk. Archived from the original on 26 December 2005. Retrieved 1 August 2006.
85 per cent of his staff from 1993 working with him in some capacity
- Ross, Peter (29 October 2006). "Ask me to kill a turkey or rip a pigeon's guts out and I'm fine". Sunday Herald. Retrieved 13 May 2007.
- "Gordon Ramsay". About – Gourmet Food. Retrieved 1 August 2006.
- Ruhlman, Michael (6 September 2006). "Gordon Ramsay Takes Manhattan, Tiptoeing, He Says". New York Times. Retrieved 12 October 2007.
- Mary Lorenz. "TV's Worst Bosses". MSN. Retrieved 4 September 2007.
- "Jean-Baptiste Requien at The London Bar". GordonRamsay.com. Archived from the original on 20 February 2009. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
- NY Post Interview with Jean-Baptiste Requien[dead link]
- "Gordon Ramsay - Talks about the other F-words: Food, France, Football, and Family, by Matt DeLucia". nyrestaurantinsider.com. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
- "Gordon Ramsay unveils new female head chef at Royal Hospital Road". Caterersearch.com. 28 November 2007. Retrieved 28 November 2007.
- "Delia Smith slams Gordon Ramsay". Marie Claire. 4 March 2008. Retrieved 26 March 2008.
- "Parliament's scrutiny of Gordon Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares' swearing". Herald Sun (Australia). 20 March 2008. Retrieved 26 March 2008.
- "Yahoo 7, Ramsay: I didn't call Tracy a lesbian". Au.news.yahoo.com. 9 June 2009. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- Tracy Grimshaw calls Gordon Ramsay an arrogant narcissist NEWS.com.au. 8 June 2009
- "Petulant 'teen' Ramsay eats humble pie". Brisbane Times. 11 June 2008. Retrieved 11 June 2008.
- "Ramsay sorry over Grimshaw insult". BBC News. 10 June 2008. Retrieved 10 June 2008.
- Nikkhah, Roya (15 May 2005). "Ramsay's pizza joke outrages vegetarians". Telegraph (London). Retrieved 15 August 2009.
- Bretts, Bruce; Roush, Matt; (25 March 2013). "Baddies to the Bone: The 60 nastiest villains of all time". TV Guide. pp. 14 - 15.
- Leora Arnowitz. "Gordon Ramsay gets sensitive on 'MasterChef Junior'". Fox News. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
- The F Word, Series 2, Episode 6 2006.07.26
- Froelich, Paula; Hoffmann, Bill; Steindler, Corynne (27 January 2009). "Mario to Gordon: Stay Away!". New York Post. Retrieved 1 August 2010.[dead link]
- Gostin, Nicki (7 April 2010). "Mario Batali Goes Back to Basics". Slashfood.com.
- "Gordon Ramsay to open new restaurant in Battersea". Newsquest. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "Scott Descendant Chart". Scott Family Web. Archived from the original on 22 June 2006. Retrieved 1 August 2006.
- Cooke, Rachel (8 June 2003). "How does our Gordon grow?". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 1 August 2006.
- Staples, John (16 November 2002). "Ramsay charged with drink-driving". The Scotsman (Edinburgh). Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- "London Marathon 2009: Gordon Ramsay and Katie Price to battle professionals in capital street race". thelondonpapaer. 24 April 2009. Retrieved 17 May 2009.[dead link]
- "Scottish Bifina Bifida Association official website". Ssba.org.uk. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Spice Up Your Life in 2005 – Media Releases". Vso.org.uk. Retrieved 16 May 2011.[dead link]
- Family Marathon. Florahearts.co.uk. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- "Women's Aid – Press – Celebrity Spokespeople". Womensaid.org.uk. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "I thought I would die: Gordon Ramsay". Nine MSN. Retrieved 16 May 2011.[dead link]
- Brown, Craig (18 April 2009). "Ramsay's new F-word: frozen ready meals served up at celebrity prices". The Scotsman (Edinburgh: Press Association/TV.com). Retrieved 1 August 2010.
- "Gordon Ramsay defends prepared food". TV.com. 19 April 2009. Retrieved 1 August 2010.
- Cavendish, Lucy (5 February 2010). "Gordon Ramsay's escape to India – with a TV crew". The Times (UK). Retrieved 15 January 2010.
- "Gordon Ramsay Says Gasoline, Not Hair Transplant, Caused Swollen Face". Star Pulse. 20 January 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- Brown, Jonathan (31 December 2010). "Gone today, hair tomorrow: chef Ramsay has £30,000 transplant". Independent (London). Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Bread Street Kitchen". Bread Street Kitchen. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Top Restaurants in London | Fine Dining Knightsbridge". The Berkeley. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Gordon Ramsay Restaurant | Gordon Ramsay at Claridge’s". Claridges.co.uk. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Full list of Michelin stars in Britain and Ireland". Telegraph.co.uk. 24 January 2008. Retrieved 23 June 2009.
- "Gordon Ramsay Holdings closes La Noisette restaurant". caterersearch.com. 5 March 2009. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
- "Gordon Ramsay at the The London in Midtown closing". nydailynews.com. 8 October 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
- "Gordon Ramsay Opens New Burger Palace and Gastropub in Las Vegas". Nowimhungry.com. 29 January 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Susan Stapleton (8 May 2012). "Gordon Ramsay Steak Officially Serving at Paris Las Vegas - Opening Alert - Eater Vegas". Vegas.eater.com. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- [dead link]
- Tomicki, Hadley (28 September 2012). "First Look at Gordon Ramsay's The Fat Cow, Opening Monday at The Grove - Grub Street Los Angeles". Losangeles.grubstreet.com. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Dixler, Hillary (29 January 2014). "Gordon Ramsay is Closing the Fat Cow in Los Angeles". eater.com. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
- "Gordon to open new restaurant in Sardinia". Luxury-hospitality-daily.com. 19 June 2009. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Goodbye Verre, hello Table 9". http://www.timeoutdubai.com/. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- "Maze Doha". Gordonramsay.com. Retrieved 16 May 2011.[dead link]
- Oakley, Louise. "Gordon Ramsay closes Maze on The Pearl Qatar". Middle East Hotelier. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
- "Conrad Tokyo closing for refurbishment". Retrieved 28 July 2014.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gordon Ramsay.|
- Official website
- Homepage for the Gordon Ramsay group
- Times Online – Food & Drink column
- Gordon Ramsay at the Chef and Restaurant Database
- Gordon Ramsay on Youtube