Gordon Thomson (rower)
|Gordon Lindsay Thomson|
27 March 1884|
Battersea, Surrey, England
|Died||8 July 1953
Staplehurst, Kent, England
Royal Air Force
|Years of service||1914–1919|
|Commands held||No. 207 Squadron RAF
No. 215 Squadron RAF
|Battles/wars||World War I
• Gallipoli Campaign
• Western Front
|Awards||Distinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Flying Cross
Mention in despatches (×2)
|Olympic medal record|
|1908 London||Men's coxless pairs|
|1908 London||Men's coxless fours|
Gordon Lindsay Thomson DSC, DFC (27 March 1884 – 8 July 1953) was an English rower who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics for Great Britain. During the First World War he served as a pilot in the Royal Naval Air Service and Royal Air Force.
Early life and rowing career
Thomson was born in Battersea, Surrey, the second of four children of Benjamin Thomas Lindsay Thomson and his wife Esther Florence (née Bowker). He was educated at University College School in Hampstead and Trinity Hall, Cambridge.
Thomson partnered John Fenning at stroke in the coxless pairs to win the gold medal for Great Britain rowing at the 1908 Summer Olympics. Later in the same afternoon he and Fenning were in the Leander coxless four with Philip Filleul and Harold Barker which won a silver medal, losing to the Magdalen College, Oxford crew.
In 1909, Thomson was a member of the Cambridge crew in the Boat Race, and won his rowing blue. In 1910, he won Silver Goblets at Henley Royal Regatta partnering John Burn to beat Albertus Wielsma and Bernardus Croon. He was also a rugby player who played for UCS Old Boys, London Scottish and Surrey.
World War I
At the outbreak of World War I Thomson learned to fly, being granted Royal Aero Club Aviators' Certificate No. 873 on 20 August 1914 after soloing a Bristol biplane at the Bristol School at Brooklands. He joined the Royal Naval Air Service as a probationary flight sub-lieutenant on 24 August, and was confirmed in his rank on 30 October, and posted to HMS Pembroke III.
On 1 January 1915 he was promoted to flight lieutenant, seeing active service during the Gallipoli Campaign between April 1915 and January 1916, and on 14 March 1916 received a mention in despatches from the Vice-Admiral Commanding the Eastern Mediterranean Squadron, and also the award of the Distinguished Service Cross for his low altitude photographic reconnaissance flights over enemy territory. On 30 June 1916 he was promoted to flight commander, and a year later, on 30 June 1917, to squadron commander. On 1 May 1918 Thomson was again mentioned in despatches "for zeal and devotion to duty during the period from 1st July to 31st December 1917".
On 1 April 1918, Royal Naval Air Service was merged with the Army's Royal Flying Corps (RFC) to form the Royal Air Force, and Thomson joined the new service with the rank of captain (temporary major). (The RAF initially used the army ranks inherited from the RFC). Soon after, the former No. 7 Squadron RNAS, now No. 207 Squadron RAF, was withdrawn from France to be re-equipped with the Handley Page O/400 heavy bomber at RAF Andover. On 24 May 1918 Thomson was appointed commander of No. 207 Squadron which returned to France on 7 June to be based at Ligescourt as part of No. 54 Wing of the Independent Air Force, to mount night-bombing operations. However his tenure was short as Thomson was promoted to the temporary rank of lieutenant colonel on 27 July, and transferred to command of No. 215 Squadron RAF.
On 2 August 1918 Thomson was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. His citation read:
- Captain (Temporary Major) Gordon Lindsay Thomson, DSC.
- "This officer has carried out 340 hours flying, and has taken part in fourteen bombing raids. In one of the latter he led his formation to destroy a bridge over a canal; he flew at a considerable altitude over the objective, watching each machine drop its bombs, and endeavoured to observe the results. After all his machines had completed the raid and departed for the lines, he glided down and passed over the bridge at 140 feet altitude. In face of very severe machine-gun fire he crossed and re-crossed the objective in order to ascertain the results obtained. No material damage being apparent, he flew across it again at 100 feet altitude, dropping his bombs in a final attempt to destroy the bridge. He is a fine leader, and the excellent spirit in his squadron is largely due to his personal example."
Thomson left the RAF after the end of the war, being transferred to the unemployed list on 1 March 1919.
On 19 July 1919 Thomson and his brother Captain Alexander Thomson were two of the ex-servicemen of the parish who were presented with silver-mounted walking sticks in recognition of their military service from the Parish Council of Effingham, where their father was a parish councillor, as part of the Peace Day celebrations marking the signing of the Treaty of Versailles which brought the war to an end.
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- "Olympic Sports - Gordon Thomson". Sports Reference. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2009.
- "Henley Royal Regatta Results of Final Races 1839–1939". Rowing History.net. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2009.
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- "No. 29024". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1914. pp. 6–7.
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- "No. 29507". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 March 1916. p. 2870.
- "No. 29687". The London Gazette. 28 July 1916. p. 7481.
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- "No. 30662". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 April 1918. p. 5283.
- Yoxall, John (17 April 1953). "No. 207 Squadron:: History of a Famous Bomber Unit (Part I)". Flight. LXIII (2308): 486. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
- Barrass, M. B. "Squadron Commanding Officers, No.'s 201–220 Squadrons". Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
- "No. 30831". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 August 1918. p. 9269.
- "No. 30827". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 August 1918. p. 9204.
- "No. 31264". The London Gazette. 1 April 1919. p. 4219.
- "Effingham Peace Day Celebrations". Effingham Parish Council. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
- "Gordon Thomson". databaseOlympics.com.