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Haeckel Ophiodea 70 Gorgonocephalidae.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Ophiuroidea
Order: Phrynophiurida
Suborder: Euryalina
Family: Gorgonocephalidae
Ljungman, 1867

see text.

Gorgonocephalidae is a family of basket stars. They have characteristic many-branched arms.

Arms of Astroboa nuda

Gorgonocephalidae are the largest ophiuroids (Gorgonocephalus stimpsoni can measure up to 70 cm in arm length with a disk diameter of 14 cm).[1]

Systematics and phylogeny[edit]

The family is divided into the following genera:[2]

Fossil record of Gorgonocephalidae dates back to Miocene.[3]


  1. ^ Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, vol 1, Gale Cengage 2003
  2. ^ http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=123203 accessed 26 August 2014
  3. ^ Kroh, A. 2003. First record of gorgonocephalid ophiuroids (Echinodermata) from the Middle Miocene of the Central Paratethys. Cainozoic Research 2: 143-155