Goripalayam Mosque

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Goripalayam Mosque is a large mosque in Goripalayam (part of Madurai City) containing two graves (tombs) of sultans of Yemen namely Hazrat Khaja Syed Sultan Alauddin Badusha razi and Hazrat Khaja Syed Sulthan Shamsuddin of the Madurai Sultanate.There is also one invisible grave of Hazrat Khaja Syed Sultan Habibuddin razi who is also known as Ghaibi Sulthan[1] who came to India to spread Islam. Its dome is 70 feet (21 m) in diameter and 20 feet (6.1 m) in height and made of a single block of stone which was brought from the Azhaga Hills. It is said that it was built by Thirumalai Nayak for his Muslim subjects.

Origin[edit]

Gorippalayam Dargah on Urus.

The name Gorippalayam comes from the Persian word gor which means grave. This area is called as Goripalayam because the graves of the two famous saints of Islam and rulers of Madurai Hazrat Sulthan Alauddin Badusha (Radiyallah) and Hazrat Sulthan Shamsuddin Badhusha (Radiyallah) are here. A beautiful green tomb can be seen from the A.V. Bridge, which is the Gorippalayam Dargah located in the northern banks of Vaigai River.

People from all over Tamil Nadu come here to seek blessings and go back fruitfully. The two rulers were brothers who ruled the northern part of Madurai after coming from Oman during the 13th century to spread Islam after hearing about the travel of Hazrat Qutb Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed Badusha of Erwadi and His victory in south India followed by the established Islamic rule in Madurai and Ramanathapuram provinces. Hazrat Kazi Syed Tajuddin Radiyallah, the founder of Kazimar Big Mosque and who lived in Kazimar Street was government Kazi (Islamic legal advisor and jury) to the Sultans. The descendants of Hazrat Kazi Syed Tajuddin are still living in Kazimar Street and the Kazimar Big mosque is being maintained by them. From the time of Sultans the Kazis to Madurai city are appointed from the descendants of Kazi Syed Tajuddin and this tradition was followed by the Pandiya Rulers, the Nayak rulers, the Nawab rulers and the British rulers. Even today the post independent democratic state government of Tamil Nadu appoints Kazi to Madurai only from the descendants of Kazi Syed Tajuddin who was the Kazi to the Madurai Sultans. An ancient Tamil inscription can be found planted on the outer campus of the Maqbara of the dargah campus:[2]

Inscription[edit]

The descendants of Sulthan Alauddin Badusha, and Sulthan Shamsuddin Badusha (called as Sultans of Oman) purchased from the then King Koo(n) Pandiyan the land of Gorippalayam Dargah for a Feet of Gold piece and other six villages (namely Bibi Kulam, Chokkikulam, Cholikudi, Chirudoor, Kannanendal, Thiruppalai) at the rate of 14,000 Gold pieces for the maintenance of Gorippalayam Dargah. During the reign of King Veerappa nayakkar of the Madurai Nayak rulers, a dispute arose between the Huqdars of the Durgah and the employees of the Nayakkar Government regarding the six villages. The case was taken to King Veerappa Nayakkar, who inquired and verified the documents written by King Koo(n) Pandiyan and gave his verdict in the year 1573 A.D. as the Six villages and the Dargah land belongs to the Descendants of Sultans and it should be in their enjoyment till the existence of Sun and Moon and who violates this will be liable for the sin of slaughtering a cow in the bank of river Ganga.

This inscription is considered a piece of evidences to prove the existence of the Dargah since 13th century.

Anniversary Urus Festival[edit]

The anniversary Urus festival of this dargah is held on 15th night of the Islamic month of Rabi al-awwal on every hijri year.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tourist Guide to South India. Sura Books. 2003-01-01. ISBN 9788174781758. 
  2. ^ "Travel 2 Madurai". www.maduraitravelclub.com. Retrieved 2016-05-08. 

Coordinates: 9°55′47″N 78°07′45″E / 9.929764°N 78.129125°E / 9.929764; 78.129125