Location of Gorkha
|• Total||3,610 km2 (1,390 sq mi)|
|• Density||80/km2 (210/sq mi)|
|Time zone||NPT (UTC+5:45)|
|Main language(s)||Nepali, Gurung, Magar|
Gorkha District (Nepali: गोरखा जिल्ला Listen (help·info)), a part of Gandaki Zone, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal and connected historically with the creation of the modern Nepal and the name of the legendary Gurkha soldiers. The district, with Pokharithok (Gorkha), later known as Prithivi Narayan Nagarpalika as its district headquarters, covers an area of 3,610 km² and has a population (2001) of 288,134. It is the location of the Manakamana Temple. Also, the temples of great sage Gorakh Nath and goddess Gorakh Kali temple is located in district, after which the district got its name. Four major rivers run within and along it, they are Chepe, Daraudi, Marsyangdi and Budhi Gandaki.
There are four major legends associated with naming of "Gorkha".
- In Nepali,‘ Kharka’ means ‘Grass Land’. This land was believed to be like meadow in Ancient period. Thus it was named Kharka and later the term Kharka got modified to Garkha and Garkha changed to Gorkha.
- In Sanskrit Scripture, ‘Gorakshaa’ means the protection of cow. Since Nepal is a country where killing a Cow is considered unholy and a very serious crime, the land was named Goraksha and later it became Gorkha.
- Myth holds that a Saint named Gorakhnath appeared for the first in Nepal in Gorkha. There is still a cave with his paduka (feet) and idol of him in this place which supports the myth. Thus since the city was established in the place where Sage Gorakhnath appeared, it was named ‘Gorkha’.
Places to Visit
- Manakamana Temple: The Manakamana Temple situated in the Gorkha district of Nepal is the sacred place of the Hindu Goddess Bhagwati, an incarnation of Parvati. The name Manakamana originates from two words, “mana” meaning heart and “kamana” meaning wish. Venerated since the 17th century, it is believed that Goddess Bhagawati grants the wishes of all those who make the pilgrimage to her shrine to worship her.
- Gorakhnath: It lies ten meters down the southern side of Gorkha Palace which is visited with great devotion by Brahmans and Chhetris considering it to be the holy pilgrimage Site. Great fare is organized each year on the day of Baisakh Purnima(the full moon Day of Baisakh) in Gorakhnath Cave.
- Gorakhkali Temple: This Temple is located at the west side of the Gorkha Palace.
- Chepe, Daraudi, Marsyangdi and Budhi Gandaki.
- Gorkha Kingdom: About 1700 steps leads you to the top of the hill at an altitude of 3281 ft. where Newar fashioned Gorkha Palace stands firm along with forts and temple boasting on its rich History. It is at 40–50 minutes of Walking Distance far from Gorkha Bazaar. One can view Manaslu(the 8th Highest Mountain of the World), Dhaulagiri and Ganesh Mountains from the Palace Complex.
- Ligligkot and Lakhan Thapa Gaon are popular places in Gorkha for Hiking.
- Dhike Dada is a new attraction for public from Gorkha,Tanahun and Lamjung.
Geography and Climate
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Lower Tropical||below 300 meters (1,000 ft)||0.1%|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
|Subtropical||1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
|Temperate||2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
|Subalpine||3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
|Alpine||4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
|Nival||above 5,000 meters||11.5%|
|Trans-Himalayan||3,000 to 6,400 meters
9,800 to 21,000 ft.
Gorkha town has daily bus services to and from Kathmandu (six hours) and Pokhara (three hours).
Following is the data obtained from the PHASE Nepal website:
- Central/regional/zonal hospitals: 0
- District hospitals: 2
- Primary healthcare centres: 3
- Health posts: 10
- Sub-health post: 55
- Number of doctors: 8
The small health centers in many village development committees (VDCs) are without Auxiliary Health Workers (AHWs), Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) and Community Health Workers (CHWs). So, people seeking emergency health assistance have to travel a long distance to the district headquarters or Kathmandu or end up dying because of lack of treatment. Many people still believe in Dhami and Jhakri and are against taking medicine or going to the hospital for the treatment. An NGO, PHASE Nepal provides many health care facilities and training programs to three VDCs: Sirdibas, Bihi/Prok and Chumchet. Many people residing in these VDCs have benefited from the program.
The literacy rate of Gorkha is 60.87%. The female literacy rate is 56.24% and the male literacy rate is 65.5%.
Municipalities and VDC/s
- Aaru Arbang
- Aaru Chanuate
- Tara Nagar
- "National Population and Housing Census 2011(National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Government of Nepal. November 2012. Retrieved November 2012.
- "Dakshinkali and Manakamana temple". enepalholidays.com.
- The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7803-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
- Shrestha, Mani R.; Rokaya, Maan B.; Ghimire, Suresh K. (2005). "Vegetation pattern of Trans-Himalayan zone in the North-West Nepal". Nepal Journal of Plant Sciences 1: 129–135. Retrieved Feb 7, 2014.
- Banerji, Gargi; Basu, Sejuti. "Climate Change and Himalayan Cold Deserts: Mapping vulnerability and threat to ecology and indigenous livelihoods" (PDF). Pragya. Gurgaon, Haryana, India. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
- "Project Area: Gorkha". PHASE Nepal.
- Districts of Nepal at statoids.com