Aerial photo of the estate in Gorki Leninskiye
|Federal subject||Moscow Oblast|
|Administrative district||Leninsky District|
| • Estimate |
|Time zone||UTC+3 (MSK )|
Gorki Leninskiye (Russian: Го́рки Ле́нинские) is an urban locality (a work settlement) in Leninsky District of Moscow Oblast, Russia, located 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) south of Moscow city limits and the Moscow Ring Road. Its population is: 3,586 (2010 Census); 1,729 (2002 Census); 1,711 (1989 Census).
The estate of Gorki belonged to various Muscovite noblemen from the 18th century. Zinaida Morozova, the widow of Savva Morozov, purchased it in 1909, the year before she married General Anatoly Reinbot (later Anatoly Rezvoy), the Moscow head of police. She engaged the most fashionable Russian architect, Fyodor Schechtel, to remodel the mansion in the then-current Neoclassical style, complete with a six-column Ionic portico.
On 21 January 1924 Vladimir Lenin, a Russian lawyer and politician, died there.
After the Soviet government moved to Moscow in 1918, it nationalized the luxurious estate and converted it into Vladimir Lenin's dacha. In September 1918, the Soviet leader recuperated there following an assassination attempt. He spent an increasing amount of time there as his health declined over the following years. On May 15, 1923, Lenin followed medical advice and left the Moscow Kremlin for Gorki. He lived there in semi-retirement until his death on January 21, 1924.
After Lenin's death, Gorki was renamed "Gorki Leninskiye" (meaning "Lenin's Gorki"). The house became a museum holding many of Lenin's possessions. Also located on the estate are a large museum built in 1987 concerning Lenin's life there, containing such artifacts as his Last Testament (as transcribed by Nadezhda Krupskaya), other documents, photos, books, Lenin's personal car (a Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost), his wheelchairs, and his apartment and office from the Kremlin, reconstructed in a separate building. A monument representing "The Death of the Leader" was unveiled in the 18th-century park in 1958.
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- "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
- Murrell, Kathleen Berton (2001). Discovering the Moscow Countryside: An Illustrated Guide to Russia's Heartland. I.B. Tauris. p. 102. ISBN 9781860646737. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
There has been an estate at Gorki since the late 18th century. In 1909 it was purchased by Zinaida Morozova, the widow of Savva Morozov, the wealthy textile merchant and Bolshevik sympathiser. [...] In 1910, five years after Savva's suicide, Zinaida married for the third time [...] General Anatoly Reinbot, the Moscow head of police. Reinbot, who changed his German name to Rezvoy in 1914, fell foul of the law and, although pardoned by Nicholas II, Zinaida divorced him. In 1917 she was evicted from Gorki [...].
- Russia Beyond the Headlines. Video on Gorki Leninskiye
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