Gorkovsky suburban direction of Moscow Railway

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Moskva Kurskaya - Vladimir railway map 400.png

The Gorkovsky Suburban Direction of Moscow Railway (Russian: Горьковское направление Московской железной дороги) is one of ten directions used for suburban railway connections between Moscow, Russia, and surrounding areas, mostly in Moscow Oblast. The Nizhegorodsky Suburban Direction connects Moscow with the station in the east, in particular, with the towns of Reutov, Balashikha, Elektrougli, Elektrostal, Noginsk, Pavlovsky Posad, Elektrogorsk, Orekhovo-Zuyevo, Pokrov, Petushki, Kosteryovo, Lakinsk, and Vladimir. The stations the direction serves are located in Moscow, as well as in Balashikha Urban Okrug, Pavlovo-Posadsky and Orekhovo-Zuyevsky Districts of Moscow Oblast and in Petushinsky District, Sobinsky District, and the city of Vladimir of Vladimir Oblast. The suburban trains have their western terminus at Moscow Kurskaya railway station in Moscow. In the eastern direction, the suburban trains terminate at the stations of Balashikha, Zheleznodorozhnaya, Kupavna, Fryazevo, Zakharovo, Elektrogorsk, Petushki, and Vladimir.[1] The direction is served by the Moscow Railway. The suburban direction follows the railway which connects Moscow with Nizhny Novgorod (formerly Gorky, hence the name) via Vladimir. It is fully electrified. Between Moscow and Vladimir, there are two tracks.[2] The distance between Moscow Kurskaya railway station and Vladimir is 190 kilometres (120 mi).

History[edit]

The construction of the railway between Moscow and Vladimir started in 1858, the stretch was open in 1861 and extended to Nizhny Novgorod in 1862.[3] The terminal station was Nizhegorodsky Railway Station in Moscow, at Rogozhsky Val Street. In 1893, the government bought the railway, and on 1 January 1894 the Moscow-Kursk, Nizhny Novgorod and Murom Railway was created. In 1896, Kursky railway station was opened, and on 14 June 1896 the trains from Nizhny Novgorod started to run to that station. Nizhegorodsky Railway Station was used for cargo traffic, and eventually disused and demolished.[4]

The suburban direction was electrified in stretches. From 1931 to 1933, the stretch between Moscow and Obiralovka (currently Zheleznodorozhnaya) was electrified; in 1933, Reutovo to Balashikha, in 1957 Zheleznodorozhnaya to Fryazevo and Fryazevo to Noginsk, and in 1958 Fryazevo to Petushki.[5] The part between Petushki and Vladimir was electrified in 1959.[6]

The poem in prose Moscow-Petushki by Venedikt Yerofeyev, written between 1969 and 1970, is set on a suburban train, which travels from Moscow to Petushki. Every chapter is named for a stretch between adjacent stops.

Stations[edit]

Following the standard notations in Russia, a railway stop below is called a station if it is a terminus or if it has a cargo terminal, and it is called a platform otherwise.

Moscow to Vladimir[edit]

  1. Moscow Kurskaya railway station, located in Moscow, Kurskaya metro station (Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line), Kurskaya metro station (Koltsevaya Line), Chkalovskaya metro station;
  2. Serp i Molot (platform), Moscow, Ploshchad Ilyicha metro station, Rimskaya metro station;
  3. Karacharovo (platform), Moscow, Nizhegorodskaya metro station;
  4. Chukhlinka (platform), Moscow;
  5. Kuskovo (station), Moscow;
  6. Novogireyevo (platform), Moscow;
  7. Reutovo (station), Reutov, branch to Balashikha;
  8. Nikolskoye (platform), Balashikha;
  9. Saltykovskaya (platform), Balashikha;
  10. Kuchino (platform), Balashikha;
  11. Zheleznodorozhnaya (station), Balashikha. End of the three track line;
  12. Chyornoye (platform), Balashikha;
  13. Zarya (platform), Balashikha;
  14. Kupavna (station);
  15. 33 km (platform);
  16. Elektrougli (station), Elektrougli;
  17. 43 km (platform);
  18. Khrapunovo (station), Imeni Vorovskogo;
  19. Yesino (platform);
  20. Fryazevo (station), connections to Yaroslavsky suburban direction of Moscow Railway and to Zakharovo;
  21. Kazanskoye (platform);
  22. Vokhna (platform), Pavlovsky Posad;
  23. Pavlovsky Posad (station), connection to Elektrogorsk;
  24. Nazaryevo (platform);
  25. Drezna (station), Drezna;
  26. Kabanovo (platform);
  27. 87 km (platform);
  28. Orekhovo-Zuyevo (station), Orekhovo-Zuyevo, connection to Greater Ring of the Moscow Railway;
  29. Krutoye (platform), Orekhovo-Zuyevo. Most suburban trains terminates here.;
  30. Voinovo (platform);
  31. Usad (platform), Gorodishchi;
  32. Glubokovo (platform);
  33. Pokrov (station);
  34. 113 km (platform);
  35. Omutishche (platform);
  36. Leonovo (platform);
  37. Petushki (station), Petushki;
  38. Kosteryovo (station), Kosteryovo;
  39. Boldino (station);
  40. Sushnevo (platform);
  41. Undol (station), Lakinsk;
  42. 170 km (platform);
  43. Koloksha (station);
  44. Yuryevets (station), Vladimir;
  45. Vladimir (station), Vladimir.

Reutovo to Balashikha[edit]

One-track electrified branch. Trains go directly from Moscow.

  1. Reutovo (station), Reutov;
  2. Stroyka (platform), Reutov;
  3. Gorenki (platform), Balashikha;
  4. Balashikha (station), Balashikha.

Fryazevo to Zakharovo[edit]

One-track electrified branch. Trains go directly from Moscow.

  1. Fryazevo (station);
  2. Metallurg (platform), Elektrostal;
  3. Elektrostal (station), Elektrostal;
  4. Mashinostroitel (platform), Elektrostal;
  5. Noginsk (station), Noginsk;
  6. Zakharovo (station), Noginsk.

Pavlovsky Posad to Elektrogorsk[edit]

One-track electrified branch. Trains go directly from Moscow.

  1. Pavlovsky Posad (station), Pavlovsky Posad;
  2. Lenskaya (platform), Pavlovsky Posad;
  3. Kovrigino (platform);
  4. 14 km (platform), Elektrogorsk;
  5. Elektrogorsk (station), Elektrogorsk.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Горьковское направление (in Russian). tutu.ru. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  2. ^ "Online railway map of Russia and the C.I.S." Steam Engine IS. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Московско-Нижегородская Железная Дорога" (in Russian). Lokomotiv-Rostov.ru. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  4. ^ История вокзалов и станций. Курский вокзал, г. Москва (in Russian). Russian Railways. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
  5. ^ Bolashenko, Sergey. "Московско-Нижегородская железнодорожная линия на территории Московской Области" (in Russian). infojd.ru. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  6. ^ "Более 90 процентов перевозок Горьковской железной дороги осуществляется на электрической тяге" (in Russian). Russian Railways. 30 August 2004. Retrieved 12 April 2017.