Gorleston-on-Sea

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Gorleston-on-Sea
The Pavilion Theatre, Gorleston, Norfolk - geograph.org.uk - 291064.jpg
The Pavilion Theatre
Gorleston-on-Sea is located in Norfolk
Gorleston-on-Sea
Gorleston-on-Sea
Location within Norfolk
Population24,785 
OS grid referenceTG520040
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGREAT YARMOUTH
Postcode districtNR31
Dialling code01493
PoliceNorfolk
FireNorfolk
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk
52°34′33″N 1°43′25″E / 52.5757°N 1.7235°E / 52.5757; 1.7235Coordinates: 52°34′33″N 1°43′25″E / 52.5757°N 1.7235°E / 52.5757; 1.7235

Gorleston-on-Sea (/ˈɡɔːlstən/), known colloquially as Gorleston, is a town in the Borough of Great Yarmouth, in Norfolk, England, to the south of Great Yarmouth. Situated at the mouth of the River Yare it was a port town at the time of the Domesday Book. The port then became a centre of fishing for herring along with salt pans used for the production of salt to preserve the fish. In Edwardian times the fishing industry rapidly declined and the town's role changed to that of a seaside resort.

History[edit]

High Street, Gorleston-on-Sea

The place-name 'Gorleston' is first attested in the Domesday Book of 1086, where it appears as Gorlestuna. It appears as Gurlestona in the Pipe Rolls of 1130. The first element may be related to the word 'girl', and is probably a personal name. The name could mean "girls' town or settlement", or a variant thereof, similar to Girlington in West Yorkshire.[1]

Historically the town was in the county of Suffolk. In the Middle Ages it had two manors, and a small manor called Bacons. The medieval church of St. Andrew stands in the town and by historical association gives its name to the Gorleston Psalter, an important example of 14th century East Anglian illuminated art. In 1832 the town became a part of Great Yarmouth for electoral purposes. Finally in 1835 it merged with the town and became part of Great Yarmouth in the county of Norfolk. Gorleston Barracks were established in 1853.[2] There was to be three railway stations in the town on the Yarmouth-Lowestoft Line. The stations on the line were Gorleston-on-Sea, Gorleston North and Gorleston Links which all closed between 1942 and 1970. The closest railway stations are now Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth.

Its main attraction is its sandy "Edwardian Beach." It has traditional seaside gardens and model boat pond. It also has a theatre opposite the pier called the Pavilion. The main shopping centre is on High Street. It has its own golf club. There is also the hospital and a library. There is a lighthouse, lifeboat station and coastwatch station on Riverside Road.[3]

St Peter the Apostle Roman Catholic Church, built in 1938–39, was Eric Gill's only complete work of architecture.

In the Great Storm of 1987, Gorleston-on-Sea experienced the highest wind speed recorded in the UK on that day, which was 122 mph (196 km/h).

The town is meticulously described in the novel Gorleston by Henry Sutton (Sceptre, 1995) and in Philip Leslie's novels The History of Us (Legend Press, 2009) and What Remains (December House, 2013). Both Sutton and Leslie employ the actual names of roads and retail outlets in their work.

Gorleston-on-Sea's Pier Hotel and beach feature as a key location in Danny Boyle's 2019 film Yesterday.[4]

East Anglian School for Deaf and Blind Children[edit]

The East Anglian School for Deaf and Blind Children (for deaf children and for blind children) was established in Gorleston in 1912 and based there until it closed in 1985.[5] During the Second World War the school was evacuated to Aberpergwm House in Glynneath, Wales.[6] The headmaster's house in Gorleston was severely damaged by bombing in 1941.[7]

Education[edit]

There are a number of primary schools in the area serving Gorleston and the wider locality. Secondary schools include Cliff Park Ormiston Academy, Lynn Grove Academy and Ormiston Venture Academy.

East Norfolk Sixth Form College is located in Gorleston. It is a major sixth form provider in Norfolk, attracting students from a wide area.

Notable people[edit]

William Fleming (1865–1954), lifeboatman

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eilert Ekwall, ' 'The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.201.
  2. ^ Historic England. "Southtown Road Workshop Range (1245811)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  3. ^ RNLI history of Great Yarmouth & Gorleston lifeboat station Archived 8 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Pier Hotel Gorleston". Retrieved 13 July 2019.
  5. ^ "East Anglian School for the Deaf and Blind". Norfolk Deaf History. Archived from the original (GIF image) on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
  6. ^ Gosse, Peter. "EAS moved to Wales During the War 1940-1945" (PDF). Norfolk Deaf History. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
  7. ^ Clapham, Lucy (10 December 2012). "Blue plaque marks the spot of important Gorleston landmark". East Anglian Daily Press. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  8. ^ Gorleston & Great Yarmouth History website, William Adams retrieved January 2018
  9. ^ Great Yarmouth Mercury, 14 October, 2017, Blue plaque to honour Gorleston lifeboat coxswain retrieved January 2018
  10. ^ Hatfield Hines Galleries website, Rowland Fisher, 1885-1969 retrieved January 2018
  11. ^ IMDb Database retrieved January 2018
  12. ^ North American Soccer League Players, Peter Simpson retrieved January 2018
  13. ^ Gorleston F.C website, Previous managers retrieved January 2018
  14. ^ Henry Sutton, Biography, University of East Anglia Archived 16 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine retrieved January 2018
  15. ^ SoccerBase Database retrieved January 2018
  16. ^ IMDb Database retrieved January 2018
  17. ^ IMDb Database retrieved January 2018
  18. ^ Coates, Liz. "Clinically dead X-Men actor revived at end of marathon". greatyarmouthmercury.co.uk. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  19. ^ IMDb Database retrieved January 2018

Sources[edit]

  • Norfolk Record Office Information Leaflet 33: Great Yarmouth, (Norwich: Norfolk Record Office, 2006)

External links[edit]