Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje

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Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje
Горњи Вакуф-Ускопље
Municipality and town
Carsija Gornji Vakuf.jpg
Location of Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Location of Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje
Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje
Location of Gornji Vakuf - Uskoplje
Coordinates: 43°56′N 17°35′E / 43.933°N 17.583°E / 43.933; 17.583Coordinates: 43°56′N 17°35′E / 43.933°N 17.583°E / 43.933; 17.583
Country  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Government
 • Municipality president Sead Čaušević (SDA)
Area
 • Total 402 km2 (155 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 22,304
 • Density 55,5/km2 (1,440/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +387 30
Website gornjivakuf-uskoplje.ba

Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje is a town and municipality in central Bosnia and Herzegovina, located between Bugojno, Prozor-Rama, Kupres, Novi Travnik and Konjic. It is under the administration of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Name[edit]

Although settlement in the area stretches back to prehistoric times, the town with Gornji Vakuf name arose in the 16th century in the location of the existing settlement called Česta. The name Gornji Vakuf refers to the fact that the town was established as a waqf (Vakuf) by Bosniak nobility. Mehmed-beg Stočanin, a famous Bosniak bey, is the founder of Gornji Vakuf. This town has a typical Bosnian čaršija, which is common in Central Bosnia.

History[edit]

Bosnian War[edit]

Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje was made infamous as one of the first towns to suffer from the Croat-Bosniak war (1992–94) during the Bosnian war (1992–95) - as a critical node - was vital for UNPROFOR to hold to enable UNHCR supplies to move into the country. It was held by B Company Group 1 CHESHIRE from the British Army during part of early 1993 who lost Lance corporal Wayne Edwards, who was shot by an unidentified sniper.[1]

Gornji Vakuf had a population of about 10,000 Croats and 14,000 Bosniaks. On 11 January 1993 the first clashes between the Croatian Defence Council (HVO) and the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ARBiH) took place. There are conflicting reports as to how the fighting started and what caused it; a bomb placed in a Muslim owned hotel used as a headquarters or an all-out attack by ARBiH forces on HVO positions.[2] The HVO had around 300 forces in the town and 2,000 in the surrounding area, while the ARBiH deployed several brigades of its 3rd Corps. A front line was established through the center of town. HVO artillery fired from positions on the hills to the southeast on ARBiH forces in Gornji Vakuf after their demands for surrender were rejected until a ceasefire was arranged.[3][4]

On 1 August 1993, the ARBiH launched an offensive on the HVO in Gornji Vakuf and won control over most of the town by the following day. The HVO retained control over a Croat neighborhood in the southwest and the ARBiH, lacking necessary reinforcements, couldn't continue its offensive. The name of the Croat-held part was later changed to Uskoplje. The HVO attempted a counterattack from its positions to the southwest of the town on 5 August, but the ARBiH was able to repel the attack. Another attack by the HVO started in September, reinforced with tanks and heavy artillery, but it was also unsuccessful.[5]

Settlements[edit]

BatušaBistricaBojskaBoljkovacBorova RavanCrkviceCvrčeDobrošinDonja RičicaDražev DolDuratbegov DolacDušaGajGaličicaGornja RičicaGornji MračajGornji VakufGrnicaHrasnicaHumacJagnjidJelačeJelićiKoziceKrupaKuteLužaniMačkovacMračajOsredakPajić PoljePaločPidrišPločaPodgrađePridvorciRosuljeSeferovićiSeociSmrčeviceSvilićiŠugine BareUzričjeVaganjacValiceVilić PoljeVoljevacVoljiceVrseZastinjeŽdrimci.

Demographics[edit]

1971[edit]

19,344 total

1991[edit]

In the census of 1991, the municipality of Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje had 25,130 inhabitants: 56.05% Bosniaks, 42.61% Croats, 0.60% Yugoslavs, 0.42% Serbs and 0.31% others.[6]

The town itself had 5,349 residents, of which 61% Bosniaks, 34% Croats, 2% Yugoslavs, 1% Serbs and 1% others.

Ethnicity Number Percent (%)
Bosniaks 14,063 55.84%
Croats 10,706 42.51%
Yugoslavs 158 0.62%
others 144 0.60%
Serbs 110 0.43%
TOTAL 25,181 100%

Notable persons[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]