Gorokhovaya Street is one of central Saint Petersburg's major thoroughfares, extending from the Admiralty and running south, crossing the Moyka River and the Griboyedov Canal, crossing Sadovaya Street near Sennaya Square. Continuing south, it crosses the Fontanka River with the Semenovsky Bridge, and ends at Zagorodny Prospect.
The street was planned and laid after the catastrophic fires of 1736 and 1738 destroyed most of the buildings on Admiralteysky Island of Saint Petersburg. The original name Sredny Prospect (literally the Middle Prospect) outlined its connection to other two prospects converging on the Admiralty building, Saint Petersburg: Nevsky Prospect (known as Bolshoy, The Larger, Prospect) and Voznesensky Avenue (known as Maliy, The Lesser, Prospect).
In 1770 the street received its present name Gorokhovaya Street (literally Pea Street). According to a popular legend the name comes from a German merchant Harrach, whose name was russified as Gorokhov. Some historians find the legend unconvincing as no records indicate presence of a merchant named Harrach and merchants named Gorokhov were not associated with the street.
In 1918-1927 the street was named Komissarskaya Street In 1927-1991 the street was named Dzerzhinsky Stteet after Felix Dzerzhinsky. Both names were connected with Cheka office headed by Felix Dzerzhinsky situated in the house number 2 of the street.
The titular character of Ivan Goncharov's novel Oblomov lives on Gorokhovaya Street. It is featured in several other works of literature, including Gogol's The Diary of a Madman and Dostoyevsky's The Idiot.
Gorokhovaya Street was formerly named "Dzerzhinsky Street", after Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky.
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