|Alternative names||Gorp, scroggin, schmogle|
|Main ingredients||Dried fruit, grains, nuts, sometimes chocolate|
|Cookbook: Trail mix Media: Trail mix|
Trail mix is a type of snack mix, specifically a combination of dried fruit, nuts, and sometimes chocolate, developed as a food to be taken along on hikes. Trail mix is considered an ideal snack food for hikes, because it is lightweight, easy to store, and nutritious, providing a quick energy boost from the carbohydrates in the dried fruit or granola, and sustained energy from fats in nuts.
In Denmark the mix is known as Studenterhavre or student oats. It is mentioned in the book Dramatiske scener (Dramatic Scenes) from 1833 where the story teller buys Studenterhavre for a skilling (Danish coin like a pence). Studenterhavre consist of mainly raisins and almonds but at Christmas candy in the form of chocolate pieces were added. The word "studenterhavre" is probably related to the Dutch word Studentenhaver, which is found in writing as early as 1658.
In New Zealand, trail mix is known as "scroggin" or "schmogle". The term is also used in some places in Australia but usage has only been traced back to the 1970s. Some claim that the name stands for Sultanas, Carob, Raisins, Orange peel, Grains, Glucose, Imagination, Nuts or alternatively Sultanas, Chocolate, Raisins and Other Goody-Goodies Including Nuts; but this may be a false etymology.
The word gorp, a term for trail mix often used by hikers, is typically said to be an acronym for "good old raisins and peanuts" or its common ingredients "granola, oats, raisins, peanuts." The Oxford English Dictionary cites a 1913 reference to the verb gorp, meaning "to eat greedily".
Trail mix, apart from being a food for hikers, is served as a cheap snack to accompany drinks. It bears sometimes humorous names in certain countries, however, e.g., in Denmark, The Netherlands, Poland and Germany it can actually be purchased under these names:
- Studentenfutter ("student feed") in Germany and Austria
- Studenterhavre ("student oats", in analogy of horse oats) in Denmark
- Studentenhaver (id.) in the Netherlands and Flanders
- Mieszanka studencka ("students' mix") in Poland
- Studentų maistas ("students' food") in Lithuania
- Tudengieine (Student snack) in Estonia
- Diákcsemege ("students' delicacy") in Hungary
- Študentska hrana ("students' food") in Slovenia
- Studentski miks ("Student mix") in Serbia
- Bwyd Dewey ("beloved food") in Wales
Common ingredients may include:
- Kephart, Horace (1916) The Book of Camping and Woodcraft, p. 196
- Groot Woordenboek der Nederlandsche Taal.
- Harper, Laura; Mudd, Tony; Whitfield, Paul (2002). Rough guide to New Zealand. Rough Guides. p. 1023. ISBN 1-85828-896-7.
- "A walk in the Tinderry Mountains.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 27 December 1975. p. 7. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- Pearl Violette Newfield Metzelthin, ed. (1997), Gourmet (Condé Nast Publications) 57 (1-6): 53 Missing or empty
- Wheeler, Graeme (1991). The Scroggin Eaters: A History of Bushwalking in Victoria to 1989. Melbourne: Pindari Publications. ISBN 0-9587874-4-1.
- Moore, Bruce (April 2005). "From the Centre" (PDF). Ozwords (South Melbourne: Oxford University Press) 12 (1): 5. ISSN 1321-0858. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
- "World Wide Words: Gorp". World Wide Words. Retrieved 2010-04-05.
- "The Food Timeline-history notes: muffins to yogurt". Foodtimeline.org. Retrieved 2010-01-31.