Trail mix

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Trail mix
Trail mix made with peanuts, raisins and M&M's
Alternative names Gorp, scroggin, schmogle
Type Snack
Main ingredients Dried fruit, grains, nuts, sometimes chocolate
Cookbook: Trail mix  Media: Trail mix
Planters-brand trail mix
Studentenfutter (student food)

Trail mix is a type of snack mix, specifically a combination of granola, dried fruit, nuts, and sometimes chocolate, developed as a food to be taken along on hikes. Trail mix is considered an ideal snack food for hikes, because it is lightweight, easy to store, and nutritious, providing a quick energy boost from the carbohydrates in the dried fruit or granola, and sustained energy from fats in nuts.

The combination of nuts, raisins and chocolate as a trail snack dates at least to the 1910s, when outdoorsman Horace Kephart recommended it in his popular camping guide.[1]

Other names[edit]

In Germany, Poland, Hungary and several other European countries, trail mix is called "student food" or "student snack" in the local languages. In New Zealand, trail mix is known as "scroggin" or "schmogle".[2] The term is also used in some places in Australia but usage has only been traced back to the 1970s.[3][4][5][6] Some claim that the name stands for sultanas, carob, raisins, orange peel, grains, glucose, imagination, and nuts or alternatively sultanas, chocolate, raisins and other goody-goodies including nuts; but this may be a false etymology.[7]

The word gorp, a term for trail mix often used by hikers, is typically said to be an acronym for "good old raisins and peanuts"[8] or its common ingredients "granola, oats, raisins, peanuts." The Oxford English Dictionary cites a 1913 reference to the verb gorp, meaning "to eat greedily."


Common ingredients may include:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kephart, Horace (1916) The Book of Camping and Woodcraft, p. 196
  2. ^ Harper, Laura; Mudd, Tony; Whitfield, Paul (2002). Rough guide to New Zealand. Rough Guides. p. 1023. ISBN 1-85828-896-7. 
  3. ^ "A walk in the Tinderry Mountains.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995). ACT: National Library of Australia. 27 December 1975. p. 7. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  4. ^ Pearl Violette Newfield Metzelthin, ed. (1997), Gourmet, Condé Nast Publications, 57 (1–6), p. 53  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ Wheeler, Graeme (1991). The Scroggin Eaters: A History of Bushwalking in Victoria to 1989. Melbourne: Pindari Publications. ISBN 0-9587874-4-1. 
  6. ^ Moore, Bruce (April 2005). "From the Centre" (PDF). Ozwords. South Melbourne: Oxford University Press. 12 (1): 5. ISSN 1321-0858. Retrieved 17 February 2012. 
  7. ^ "World Wide Words: Gorp". World Wide Words. Retrieved 2010-04-05. 
  8. ^ "The Food Timeline-history notes: muffins to yogurt". Retrieved 2010-01-31.