|Leader||Omar Said Ali|
|Split from||Patriotic Union of Kurdistan|
|Headquarters||Sulaymaniyah, Iraqi Kurdistan|
|Political position||Centre to centre-left|
|Council of Representatives of Iraq|
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|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Gorran Movement (literally: Movement for Change) (Kurdish: Bizûtinewey Gorran / بزووتنەوەی گۆڕان) or just Gorran (Change) is an Iraqi Kurdish political party under the leadership of Omar Said Ali, founded in 2009 by Nawshirwan Mustafa, it is the official opposition to the ruling two-party coalition of the Kurdistan Democratic Party and Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (Kurdistan List) which governs the Kurdistan Regional Government.
According to the BBC Gorran had "already shaken the political landscape in Kurdish areas" in March 2010. Support for the Movement for Change "stems from the simple fact that it is the new, dynamic, fresh option in Kurdistan" and its "calls for an end to monopoly control of power". One of Gorran's main objectives is to "uproot rampant corruption". The party is particularly popular with the youth of Kurdistan and campaigns against patronage. It consists of a mix of (former) PUK/KDP members, Peshmerga, and academics. Gorran supporters have often faced "violent intimidation". Gorran have stated in The Economist that "the KDP and PUK have done a poor job of promoting the Kurds’ interests at the federal parliament in Baghdad". The party in the 2009 and 2010 elections "won in the city and the province of Sulaimaniyah".
Iraqi Kurdistan parliamentary election, 2009
The movement's platform for the 2009 election was to de-politicise the regional government, strengthen the judiciary, limit political interference in the economy and make the budget more transparent. Supporting federalism for Iraqi Kurdistan, it said disputes with the central government could be solved through dialogue based on the Iraqi Constitution.
The Change List won a total of 25 seats in the July 2009 elections, making it the second-most successful list in the election after the Kurdistani List. The party viewed the election results as a huge victory.
Iraqi parliamentary election, 2010
Considered to be the main opposition to Kurdistan List, particularly in areas dominated by the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan. The campaign focused on addressing what it sees as corruption undertaken by the Kurdistan Democratic Party and Patriotic Union of Kurdistan. It managed to win eight seats.
2011 Kurdish protests in Iraq
In 2011 the party called for the resignation of the Cabinet and the disbanding of the Kurdistan Regional Government during the protests in Kurdistan that followed the 2011 Egyptian protests. This was accompanied by protests against the Kurdistan Regional Government and the Kurdistan Democratic Party. Some[who?] have criticized the party for causing unnecessary unrest, arguing that there is no need for the Kurdish government to step down. Amnesty International and the Human Rights Watch have urged protests to be allowed. February 17, 2011, Human Rights Watch reported security guards firing on protesters in Sulaimaniya, killing at least one person and wounding more than 33 others after the crowd threw rocks at the political headquarters of the KDP. Since there were shootings which led to deaths, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch called for an independent investigation into the killings.
- Omar Said Ali, leader of Gorran
- Mohammad Tofiq Rahim, the Secretary of Gorran's Internal Chambers.
- Jamal Haji Mohammed, national assembly
- Rauf Osman, public assembly
- Jalal Jawhar, the Secretary of Parliament's Factions.
- Othman Haji Mahmoud, the Secretary of Gorran's Regional Representatives.
- Shorish Haji, the Secretary of Gorran's Public Relations.
Jamal Mohammed, head of the national Assembly of Gorran, the National Assembly (Jivat), the leaders of Gorran blocs in Iraqi and Kurdish parliaments, directors of Gorran departments, district officials and representatives who were successful in Gorran’s internal elections.
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- Official website (in Kurdish) (in Arabic) (in English)