Gorubathan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Gorubathan
Community Development Block
Gorubathan is located in West Bengal
Gorubathan
Gorubathan
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 26°58′N 88°42′E / 26.97°N 88.70°E / 26.97; 88.70Coordinates: 26°58′N 88°42′E / 26.97°N 88.70°E / 26.97; 88.70
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictKalimpong
Elevation
417 m (1,368 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total60,663 (as per Census of 2,011)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali and Nepali[1][2]
 • Additional officialEnglish[1]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Lok Sabha constituencyDarjeeling
Vidhan Sabha constituencyKalimpong

Gorubathan is a community development block in the Kalimpong district of the Indian state of West Bengal. Gorubathan is known for its beautiful landscape, rivers, mountains, forests and tea gardens which is a destination for tourists. Gorubathan is demarcated by river Jaldhaka with neighbouring country Bhutan in the eastern side, Sikkim State in the northern side with dense forest of Rachela Range, Kalimpong Block I&II in the western side and the vast plain areas of Jalpaiguri District in the southern sector. Main income source of the people are crops like tea, areca nuts, black cardamom, brooms, ginger and other fruits and vegetable. [3]

History[edit]

Gorubathan has its own unique history. The land is once ruled by Lepcha Kings. There was a Lepcha king namely Gaebbo Achyok who was born and brought up in Chyakhung Dara in Lungsysol, Gorubathan. There are ruins of a fort known built by King Gaeboo Achyok as Dalim Fort on the top of a hill at Dalim Busty. Recently, Govt of West Bengal announced the place as heritage site. How the nomenclature ‘Gorubathan’ was started is still controversial but due to vast grazing land and rearing of huge cattle in the open plain land of this area in earlier time must have started calling the place as Gorubathan (herds of cattle/Goru means- Ox, Bathan means -Herd) in Nepali language by the local people. Some say that this place must have been dominated by the Gurus (priests) with their deity and supernatural powers in earlier times and subsequently started calling Gorubathan. It is also said that the cowboys from Bhutan used to supply Ox (Goru) in bulk meant for Kalimpong Hat Bazar from Bhutan. They used to stay on the bank of Chel river of present Sombarey Bazar for a day. Those Ox used to graze in the vast grazing areas of Upper Fagu and its adjoining areas. this is how the name of the place Gorubathan (herd of Ox) came into existence.

Geography[edit]

Gorubathan is located at 26°58′N 88°42′E / 26.97°N 88.70°E / 26.97; 88.70.[4] It has an average elevation of 417 metres (1,368 feet). It is surrounded by dense forest viz. Neora Valley National Park. The climate is moderate and it is neither too hot in the summer and nor too cold in the winter season.

Administration[edit]

Gorubathan is a community development block in the Kalimpong district. Gorubathan block consists of 11 gram panchayats viz. Dalim, Gorubathan–I, Gorubathan–II, Patengodak, Todeytangta, Kumai, Pokhreybong, Samsing, Aahaley, Nim and Rongo. This block has two police stations: Gorubathan and Jaldhaka. The headquarters of this block is in Fagu. There is a court of Judicial Magistrate and Civil Judge in Gorubathan which has been functioning since 2005.

Education[edit]

Of late, Gorubathan has been known as an important educational hub. As well as Government General Degree College, a number of Govt sponsored schools Judhabir Higher Secondary School and Ambiok High School private institutions have been providing quality education in the area.

Sombarey Bazar[edit]

Sombarey Bazar is one and only town of Gorubathan. It is situated on the east bank of the Chel river. Weekly market is organized on every Monday (Sombaar). A data of 'West Bengal Disaster Management plans' mentioned the establishment year of Sombarey Bazar as 1905. The town is well connected by road. It is 90 km from Kalimpong town and 59 km from Siliguri. The nearest Railway station is New Mal Junction station and New Jalpaiguri Railway station located at a distance of 15 km and 65 km respectively.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Fact and Figures". www.wb.gov.in. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 85. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  3. ^ http://www.wbdmd.gov.in/writereaddata/uploaded/DP/Disaster%20Management%20Plan%20of%20KALIMPONG.pdf
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Gorubathan