Goryeo military regime
|Goryeo military regime|
|Revised Romanization||Musin Jeonggwon|
The term Goryeo military regime (Korean: 무신정권; Hanja: 武臣政權; RR: Musin Jeonggwon; MR: Musin Jŏnggwŏn) describes the government of Goryeo from the time of the military coup d'état of 1170 to the Sambyeolcho Rebellion of 1270 and the definitive subordination of Korea to the Mongol Yuan dynasty, division of the Mongol Empire. The rule of the Ubong Choe house from 1196 to 1258 is in particular known as the regime of the Choe clan (최씨정권, 崔氏政權).
Sinjong was put upon the throne by Ch'oe Ch'ung-hŏn, and all matters of life and death, decisions to accept or to reject, were in Ch'oe's hands. Sinjong stood above his subjects holding only empty authority. Alas, he was nothing but a puppet.
List of leaders
|Name||Assumed power||Power ended||Monarch||Notes|
|Led a successful rebellion against the civilian government and deposed Uijong, installing Myeongjong as a puppet king. Overthrown.|
|Jeong Jung-bu||1174||1179||Myeongjong||Participant in 1170 rebellion; ordered the assassination of Yi Ui-bang and assumed personal power. Overthrown.|
|Gyeong Dae-seung||1179||1183||Myeongjong||Assassinated Jeong jung-bu and his family. Gyeong Dae-seung tried to restore the civilian government. But Myeongjong, who regarded him as violate on royal power, hated him. Consequently, Gyeong Dae-seung failed to restore the civilian government, but historians of the Joseon Dynasty didn't consider him as traitor. (All other leaders considered as traitor against the king)|
|Yi Ui-min||1183||1196||Myeongjong||Assumed power by request of Myeongjong after Gyeong's death. Overthrown.|
|Regime under the Choe clan|
|Overthrew the governing War Council and assassinated Yi Ui-min.|
|Choe Woo||1219||1249||Gojong||Son of Choe Chung-heon.|
|Choe Hang||1249||1257||Gojong||Son of Choe Woo.|
|Choe Ui||1257||1258||Gojong||Son of Choe Hang. Overthrown and Killed by Kim Jun and Yu Gyeong (1211–1289).|
|Assassinated Choe Ui. Overthrown.|
|Assassinated Kim Jun. Unsuccessfully attempted to instate a new king.|
|Im Yu-mu||1270||1270||Wonjong||Son of Im Yeon. Overthrown by Sambyeolcho under direction of the Mongols. End of the military regimes.|
- Lee 1984, p. 142.
- Lee, Ki-baek (1984). "Chapter 7: Rule by the Military". A New History of Korea. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-61576-2.
- Schultz, E. J. (2000). Generals and Scholars: Military Rule in Medieval Korea. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-2324-5.
This article needs additional or more specific categories. (December 2018)