Gorzanów

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Gorzanów
Village
Gorzanów is located in Poland
Gorzanów
Gorzanów
Coordinates: 50°21′07″N 16°37′56″E / 50.35194°N 16.63222°E / 50.35194; 16.63222Coordinates: 50°21′07″N 16°37′56″E / 50.35194°N 16.63222°E / 50.35194; 16.63222
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Lower Silesian
County Kłodzko
Gmina Bystrzyca Kłodzka
Population 921

Gorzanów [ɡɔˈʐanuf] (German: Grafenort) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Bystrzyca Kłodzka, within Kłodzko County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.[1] Prior to 1945 it was in Germany.

It lies approximately 6 kilometres (4 mi) north of Bystrzyca Kłodzka, 10 kilometres (6 mi) south of Kłodzko, and 91 kilometres (57 mi) south of the regional capital Wrocław.

The village has a population of 921.

Name and history[edit]

The earliest name of the locality seems to have been the German appellation Arnoldsdorf (or Arnsdorf), derived from the personal name Arnold (+dorf). The later German name of Grafenort derives from the noble title Graf (+ort, "locality"). In the seventeenth century the owner of the village was Johann Gundacker Graf von Heberstein. The name "Gorzanów" was introduced officially only after 1945.[2] The name "Gorzanów" appears in the standard gazetteer of Polish place-names, the Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego (vol. 7, p. 239, col. 1), only with reference to a Polish village in the Podolia, a different geographical region. The village discussed in the present article is listed under the name Grafenort (Słownik geograficzny, vol. 2, p. 791, col. 1), without a corresponding Polish toponymic.

The Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego states that, historically, theatrical performances were staged at "the beautiful castle of the Hebersteins" three times a week for eight months of the year, and that the place was known for its "steam baths". The village had a Catholic church, and a chapel dedicated to St. Anthony surmounting a hill of the same name, which rises to the height of 1,053 feet above sea level. The location is described as "utterly exquisite" (prześliczne położenie).[3]

During the Second World War the Nazis established a concentration camp on the premises of the palace,[4] a satellite camp of Gross-Rosen concentration camp.

A present-day guidebook describes the "palace of Gorzanów" as being in a complete state of dilapidation, unfit to accommodate sightseers.[5]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Waldemar Brygier, Tomasz Dudziak, et al., Ziemia Kłodzka: przewodnik dla prawdziwego turysty, Piastów, Oficyna Wydawnicza Rewasz, 2010, pages 328–330. ISBN 9788389188953.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01. 
  2. ^ Nazwy miejscowe Polski: historia, pochodzenie, zmiany, ed. K. Rymut, vol. 3 (E–I, ed. Urszula Bijak, et al.), Cracow, Wydawnictwo IJP PAN (Institute of the Polish Language of the Polish Academy of Sciences), 1999, p. 251. ISBN 838557929X, ISBN 978-83-87795-45-0.
  3. ^ Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego, vol. 2, p. 791, col. 1.
  4. ^ Waldemar Brygier, Tomasz Dudziak, et al., Ziemia Kłodzka: przewodnik dla prawdziwego turysty, Piastów, Oficyna Wydawnicza Rewasz, 2010, p. 329. ISBN 9788389188953.
  5. ^ Waldemar Brygier, Tomasz Dudziak, et al., Ziemia Kłodzka: przewodnik dla prawdziwego turysty, Piastów, Oficyna Wydawnicza Rewasz, 2010, p. 219. ISBN 9788389188953.