Goscombe John

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Goscombe John
Portrait of Sir William Goscombe John by Simon Harmon Vedder.jpg
Sir William Goscombe John by Simon Hermon Vedder
Born(1860-02-21)21 February 1860
Cardiff, Wales
Died15 December 1952(1952-12-15) (aged 92)
London, England
Education
Known forSculpture
MovementNew Sculpture
Spouse(s)Martha Weiss (m. 1891–1923, her death)

Sir William Goscombe John RA (21 February 1860 – 15 December 1952) was a prolific Welsh sculptor known for his many public memorials.

Biography[edit]

John was born in the Canton area of Cardiff, to Thomas John, a wood carver from Llantrithyd and Elizabeth, née Smith, from Randwick in Gloucestershire.[1][2] As a youth John assisted his father in the restoration of Cardiff Castle and Castell Coch during 1874 which was being overseen by William Burges.[2][3] He initially studied in his home town, attending the Cardiff School of Art throughout the 1870s and also took anatomy classes.[4] John went to London in 1881 and worked as a pupil-assistant in the studio of Thomas Nicholls, Burges's architectural carver.[3] John then studied at the South London School of Technical Art under Jules Dalou and William Silver Frith and afterward at the Royal Academy schools, where he won the gold medal and a travelling scholarship in 1887.[5][3] Throughout 1890 and 1891 he travelled in Europe and Africa and, in 1891, studied in Paris with Auguste Rodin.[2][5] Also in 1891, he married the Swiss-born Marthe Weiss.[2] Their daughter Muriel married Frederick Luke Val Fildes, the son of the artist Sir Luke Fildes.[6]

As a young man he adopted the first name Goscombe, taken from the name of a village in Gloucestershire near his mother's home.[7]

Goscombe John returned to Paris in 1892 to show a statuette, Morpheus at the Paris Salon.[8] John embraced the vigous naturalistic style of the New Sculpture movement and cemented his reputation with works such as John the Baptist for Lord Bute and with a number of life-sized figures including The Elf and A Boy at Play.[8] A Boy at Play was subsequently purchased by the Chantrey Bequest for the Tate.[9]

By the early 1890s John had established himself as a sculptor of some note and began to receive significant public commissions.[8] Although based in London, John won a number of large commissions in his native Wales. These included his 1916 marble St David Blessing the People and ten other figures for Cardiff City Hall.[8] He designed the Hirlas Horn for the 1898 National Eisteddfod of Wales and a set of ceremonial tools to mark the building of the National Museum of Wales in Cardiff.[2] His statue of the shipping magnate and philanthropist John Cory was erected in front of Cardiff City Hall. He received a further number of national and international commissions, including for several war memorials. In 1921 he designed the memorial at Port Sunlight to the employees of Lever Brothers Ltd who had died in the First World War; he also sculpted portraits of Lord and Lady Lever. John received gold medals from the Paris Salon in 1892 and 1901, was made a Royal Academician in 1909, was knighted in 1911, and became a corresponding member of the Institut de France.[5][9] He first exhibited at the Royal Academy in London in 1886 and continued to do so annually until 1948.[2] In 1942 he was awarded the gold medal of the Royal Society of Sculptors.[9]

John settled in Greville Road, Kilburn, London (in a house that had previously belonged to Seymour Lucas), and is buried in Hampstead Cemetery.[10] The memorial statue of his wife, which he designed when she died in 1923, was stolen from the cemetery in 2001 and recovered after a few months; it was then put into storage, but was again stolen in early 2007.[11]

Public monuments and memorials[edit]

1890–1899[edit]

Image Title / subject Location and
coordinates
Date Type Material Dimensions Designation Wikidata Notes
Monument to Walter Rice Howell Powell MP (1819-89) at Llanboidy NLW3361627.jpg Memorial to W.R.H Powell Llanboidy, Carmarthenshire 1891 Statue White marble Grade II* Q17742263 [12]
William Goscombe John (1860-1952) A Boy at Play (c1895) front right (background includes part of Henry Scott Tuke (1858-1929) August Blue (1893-4)), Tate Britain, Dec 2012 (8298889528).png
More images
A Boy at Play Tate Britain, London c. 1895 Statue on base Bronze & stone [13]
Daniel Owen.JPG
More images
Daniel Owen Mold, Flintshire c.1896, repositioned 1976 Statue on pedestal Bronze & stone Grade II Q29480968 [14][15][16]
Elf by William Goscombe John, Kibble Palace.jpg
More images
The Elf Kibble Palace, Botanic Gardens, Glasgow 1899 Statue on plinth Marble 2.25m high Q84322910 [17]
The Girl Memorial Statue (geograph 5673827).jpg
More images
The Girl

Tudur Aled
William Salesbury
Henry Rees
William Rees (Gwilym Hiraethog)
Edward Roberts (Iorwerth Glan Aled)

Llansannan, Conwy 1899 Statue on obelisk & plinth Bronze & stone Grade II Q29499309 Monument to Welsh poets and preachers.[16][18][19]

1900–1909[edit]

Image Title / subject Location and
coordinates
Date Type Material Dimensions Designation Wikidata Notes
Tomb of Dean Vaughan.jpg Tomb of Dean Vaughan North choir-aisle of Llandaff Cathedral 1900 Tomb with sculpture Marble [20]
Statue of 7th Duke of Devonshire (geograph 4378353).jpg
More images
William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire Devonshire Place, Eastbourne 1901 Statue on plinth Bronze & stone Grade II Q26295681 [16][21][3]
Arthur Sullivan Memorial 20170803 111007 (49449984796).jpg
More images
Arthur Sullivan Memorial Victoria Embankment Gardens, London 1902 Bust and figure on pedestal Bronze & granite Grade II Q27081637 [16][22]
Wigan and District Boer War memorial Mesnes Park, Wigan 1903 Sculpture on plinth Stone with bronze additions Removed after repeated vandalism.[23]
James Reid statue, Springburn Park, Glasgow (geograph 3969819 cropped).jpg James Reid (1823–1894) Springburn Park, Glasgow 1903 Statue on pedestal Bronze & granite Category B Q17811051 [24]
Statue of Prince Christian Victor of Schleswig-Holstein outside the north gate at Windsor Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1168626.jpg
More images
Prince Christian Victor of Schleswig-Holstein Thames Street, Windsor, Berkshire 1903 Statue and surround Bronze & Portland stone Grade II Q26411185 [25]
T. E. Ellis statue, Bala.jpg
More images
Thomas Edward Ellis Bala, Gwynedd 1903 Statue on plinth with panels Bronze & sandstone c. 4.5m high Grade II Q29502898 A full-size copy is at the Old College, Aberystwyth[16][26]
Coldstream Guards Vestibule of south nave, St Paul's Cathedral, London 1904 Relief sculptures Gilt, bronze & stone 1.5m x 0.9m [27]
RAMC Memorial Aldershot Group.jpg
More images
RAMC Memorial, Aldershot Gun Hill, Aldershot 1905 Sculpture group, obelisk and wall with plaques Bronze & granite Grade II Q26672950 Architect, Robert Weir Schultz[28][29]
Memorial to A. W. Hughes - geograph.org.uk - 384629.jpg
More images
Alfred W. Hughes Memorial Corris, Gwynedd 1905 Celtic cross on pedestal with a bronze plaque Granite Grade II Q2949920 [16][30][31]
LiverpoolKingsMemorial.JPG
More images
King's Liverpool Regiment memorial St John's Gardens, Liverpool 1905 Statues with base & wall Bronze & stone Grade II Q26333154 AB Burton (foundry); William Kirkpatrick Ltd (builders)[16][32][33][3]
Journalists of the South African War memorial Crypt of St. Faith, St Paul's Cathedral, London 1905 Plaque Marble & bronze [34]
KEVII Cape Town.jpg
More images
Edward VII Grand Parade, Cape Town, South Africa 1905 Statue on pedestal and steps Marble & granite 9m tall Q19623378 [35]
John Cory statue, Cardiff.jpg
More images
John Cory Gorsedd Gardens, Cathays Park, Cardiff 1906 Statue on pedestal Bronze & stone Grade II Q29491668 [16][36][37]
Statue of Gwilym Williams 20190926 115848 (48798197932).jpg
More images
Judge Gwilym Williams of Miskin (1839–1906) Opposite Crown Court, Cathays Park, Cardiff 1906 Statue on plinth Bronze & stone Grade II Q29491700 [38][39]
Statue of Royal Sussex Regiment Soldier, Grand Parade, Eastbourne (NHLE Code 1043677) (May 2010).JPG
More images
Memorial to 2nd Battn Royal Sussex Regiment, 1882 to 1902 Grand Parade, Eastbourne 1906 Statue on pedestal Bronze & stone Grade II* Q17555428 AB Burton (foundry)[16][40][41]
Statue of John Viriamu Jones.jpg John Viriamu Jones Entrance hall of the Main Building of Cardiff University, Cathays Park 1906 Statue on pedestal Marble [42]
William Edward Hartpole Lecky Trinity College Dublin.jpg
More images
William Edward Hartpole Lecky Trinity College, Dublin 1906 Statue on pedestal Bronze & stone Q82094233
Llandaf, yr eglwys gadeiriol Llandaf Cathedral De Cymru South Wales 80.JPG
More images
Bishop Richard Lewis Llandaff Cathedral, Cardiff 1908 Wall-mounted statue with plaque Bronze [43]
Statue of Godfrey, First Viscount Tredegar.jpg
More images
Godfrey Morgan, 1st Viscount Tredegar Gorsedd Gardens, Cathays Park, Cardiff 1909 Equestrian statue on pedestal with reliefs Bronze & stone Grade II Q29491649 [16][44]

1910–1919[edit]

Image Title / subject Location and
coordinates
Date Type Material Dimensions Designation Wikidata Notes
Sir James Fergusson, 6th Baronet (geograph 4715126).jpg Sir James Fergusson, 6th Baronet Wellington Square, Ayr 1910 Statue on pedestal Bronze & stone Category B Q17838501 [45][46]
Colonel Saunderson's Statue, Market Street, Portadown. - geograph.org.uk - 571068.jpg
More images
Edward James Saunderson Portadown, County Armagh 1910 Statue on pedestal Bronze & stone [47]
Basil Webb 2.jpg The Boy Scout National Museum Cardiff 1910 Statuette Bronze Portrait of Basil Webb, son of Henry Webb, and who served as a 2nd lieutenant with the Welsh Guards during the First World War and was killed in December 1917.[48]
Memorial to the Rev. Lewis Edwards (geograph 2924645).jpg Lewis Edwards memorial Pen-llwyn, Ceredigion 1911 Bust on pedestal Bronze & granite Grade II Q29501128 [49]
Statue of Charles Rolls in Monmouth (9690).jpg
More images
Statue of Charles Rolls, Monmouth Agincourt Square, Monmouth 1911 Statue on pedestal Bronze & granite Grade II* Q7604480 [16][50]
Thomas Sutton statue.jpg Thomas Sutton Charterhouse School, Surrey 1911 Statue on plinth with plaques Bronze & stone Grade II Q26296559 [51]
Memorial to the Engine Room Heroes Liverpool 1.jpg
More images
Memorial to the Engine Room Heroes of the Titanic Pier Head, Liverpool 1916 Obelisk with statues Bronze & stone Grade II* Q3305518 [52][53]
Edward VII statue, Pier Head, Liverpool (geograph 4545645).jpg
More images
Edward VII Pier Head, Liverpool 1916 Equestrian statue on pedestal Bronze Grade II Q26320984 [54][5]
St David, Cardiff City Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1423458.jpg Saint David The Marble Hall, Cardiff City Hall 1916 Statue on pedestal Marble [55]
Lieutenant Colonel A. Carteret-Thynne DSO Parish Church of St. James the Great, Kilkhampton, Cornwall 1917 Tablet with figure & plaque Marble & bronze Carteret-Thynne was killed in action in 1917, having also served in the South African War.[56]
Statue of Viscount Wolseley, London.jpg
More images
Equestrian statue of the Viscount Wolseley Horse Guards Parade, London 1917 Equestrian statue on pedestal Bronze & Portland stone Grade II Q18159880 [5][16][57][3][9][58]
Lord-Ninian-Crichton-Stuart-by-Aberdare-Blog.jpg
More images
Lord Ninian Crichton-Stuart Cathays Park, Cardiff 1917 Statue on plinth Bronze & stone Grade II Q29491669 [59]
Capt H B Knott and Major J L Knott DSO St Andrew's Church, Heddon-on-the-Wall, Northumberland 1918 Tablet with relief figures Marble 1.2m by 1.5m [60]

1920–1929[edit]

Image Title / subject Location and
coordinates
Date Type Material Dimensions Designation Wikidata Notes
CaradogStatueAberdare.jpg Caradog, Griffith Rhys Jones Victoria Square, Aberdare, Rhondda Cynon Taf 1920 Statue on pedestal Bronze & stone Grade II Q29489462 [16][61]
Minto panel 31012016.jpg
More images
The Minto Panels Victoria Memorial, Kolkata c. 1921 Four deep-relief panels Bronze [62]
Lampeter War Memorial (cropped).jpg
More images
Lampeter War Memorial Bryn Square, Lampeter 1921 Statue on pedestal and raised terrace Bronze & granite 4.5m high Grade II Q29489055 Terrace & wall designed by Llewllyn Bankes-Price[63][64]
Port Sunlight - The War Memorial - geograph.org.uk - 474624.jpg
More images
Port Sunlight War Memorial Port Sunlight, Merseyside 1921 Celtic Cross on an octagonal podium with eleven sculptured figures and twelve relief panels. Bronze & granite 11.5m high Grade I Q15979246 AB Burton (foundry); William Kirkpatrick Ltd (builders)[16][65][66][67]
Statue of David Lloyd George, Y Maes, Caernarfon.jpg
More images
David Lloyd George Castle Square, Caernarfon 1921 Statue on plinth Bronze & stone Grade II Q29483625 AB Burton (foundry); Base by J Fletcher of Caernarfon.[16][68]
Northwich - John Brunner Statue.jpg Statue of Sir John Tomlinson Brunner Grounds of Brunner-Mond works, Winnington, Cheshire 1922 Statue on pedestal Bronze & granite Grade II Q15979536 [16][69][70]
Thomas Charles Edwards statue, Aberystwyth 2014-09-09 - 2.jpg
More images
Thomas Charles Edwards Old College, Aberystwyth 1922 Statue on pedestal Bronze & granite Grade II Q29488944 AB Burton (foundry)[16][71][72]
Llanelli war memorial 03.jpg
More images
Llanelli war memorial Town Hall Gardens, Llanelli 1923 Relief panel and cenotaph Bronze & granite Grade II Q29490305 [73][74]
The response, 1st world war memorial, Newcastle Upon Tyne - geograph.org.uk - 934871.jpg
More images
Northumberland Fusiliers Memorial "The Response" Barras Bridge, Newcastle upon Tyne 1923 Bronze relief figures on a granite base with three granite figures on the reverse Bronze & granite Grade I Q17552582 AB Burton (foundry); William Kirkpatrick Ltd (builders)[75][76]
Cenotaph, Alexandra Gardens, Penarth.jpg Penarth war memorial Alexandra Gardens, Penarth 1924 Obelisk-mounted sculpture on stepped plinth Bronze & granite Grade II Q29491428 [77][78]
Wrexham war memorial (8).JPG
More images
Royal Welch Fusiliers memorial Junction of Bodhfryd Rd. & Chester Rd., Wrexham 1924 Twin sculptures on pedestal Bronze & stone Grade II Q29481992 [79][80]
CarmarthenCountyWarMemorial.jpg Carmarthen County war memorial Priory Street, Carmarthen 1924 Statue on pedestal and plinth Bronze & Portland stone 4.5m high Grade II Q29504987 [81][82]
Llandaff War Memorial.JPG
More images
Llandaff Cathedral School war memorial Cathedral Green, Llandaff, Cardiff 1924 3 Sculptures on pedestals Bronze & stone Grade II Q29491677 [83][84]
Lever tomb, Christ Church, Port Sunlight 5.jpg
More images
Tomb of Lord and Lady Leverhulme Christ Church, Port Sunlight c. 1925 Pair of chest tombs with effigies Bronze and black marble Grade II* [85]
Statue of James Rice Buckley, Llandaff 2011 2.jpg
More images
James Rice Buckley Cathedral Green, Llandaff 1927 Statue on pedestal Bronze & granite Grade II Q29491672 [16][86]
Basil Webb Crypt of Lady Chapel, Hereford Cathedral Reredos with figures of 3 saints Basil Webb was the son of Henry Webb who funded the memorial.[87]

1930 and later[edit]

Image Title / subject Location and
coordinates
Date Type Material Dimensions Designation Wikidata Notes
JamesJamesEvanJamesMemorialPontypriddPark.jpg
More images
Evan James & James James Ynysangharad Park, Pontypridd 1930 Two statues on plinths Bronze Grade II* Q17743403 [16][88][89][90]
Statue of Baron Buckland at Merthyr Tydfil.jpg
More images
Seymour Berry, 1st Baron Buckland Outside Central Library, Merthyr Tydfil 1931 Statue on pedestal Bronze & stone Grade II Q29489898 [16][91]
Bishop Bevan memorial. Brecon Cathedral.jpg
More images
Bishop Edward Bevan Brecon Cathedral, Powys 1935 Effigy on base Bronze and stone Grade 1 [92]
Queensway Tunnel Liverpool George V.jpg
More images
George V Entrance to Queensway Tunnel, Liverpool 1939 Statue Bronze
Statue of Queen Mary, Queensway Tunnel.jpg
More images
Queen Mary Entrance to Queensway Tunnel, Liverpool 1939 Statue Bronze
Llandaf, yr eglwys gadeiriol Llandaf Cathedral De Cymru South Wales 75 (cropped).JPG
More images
Bishop Joshua Pritchard Hughes Llandaff Cathedral, Cardiff 1940 Plaque Bronze [93]

Other works[edit]

Saint John the Baptist

Goscombe John's output was prolific and also includes monuments to Lord Salisbury in Westminster Abbey[5] and at Hatfield Church. John's output also included:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Introduction to "Sir William Goscombe John, R.A., LL.D. Sculpture in the National Museum of Wales Catalogue" dated 1948
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Dr. Paul Joyner (2001). "John, Sir William Goscombe (1860–1952), sculptor and medallist". Dictionary of Welsh Biography. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Susan Beattie (1983). The New Sculpture. Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art / Yale University Press. ISBN 0300033591.
  4. ^ "The Welsh Cartoonist: An Interesting Chat With Mr. Staniforth". The Weekly Mail. papuraunewyddcymru.llgc.org.uk. 19 December 1906. Archived from the original on 29 May 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i David Buckman (2006). Artists in Britain Since 1945 Vol 1, A to L. Art Dictionaries Ltd. ISBN 0-953260-95-X.
  6. ^ University of Glasgow History of Art / HATII (2011). "Sir William Goscombe John RA". Mapping the Practice and Profession of Sculpture in Britain & Ireland 1851–1951. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  7. ^ "John, Sir William Goscombe (1860–1952), sculptor and medallist". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
  8. ^ a b c d Oliver Fairclough (10 December 2011). "William Goscombe John (1860–1952)". Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  9. ^ a b c d Alan Windsor (2003). British Sculptors of the Twentieth Century. Ashgate. ISBN 1-85928-4566.
  10. ^ Historic England. "Tomb of Marthe Goscombe John and Sir William Goscombe John in Hampstead Cemetery (1322159)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  11. ^ Dan Carrier (13 April 2020). "Hampstead Cemetery's Plinth of Thieves". Camden New Journal. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  12. ^ Cadw. "WRH Powell memorial in churchyard and iron railings (25616)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  13. ^ "Gallery label: A Boy at Play (c. 1895)". Tate. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  14. ^ Cadw. "Statue of Daniel Owen (365)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  15. ^ "Daniel Owen". Hither & Dither. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Jo Darke (1991). The Monument Guide to England and Wales. Macdonald Illustrated. ISBN 0 356 17609 6.
  17. ^ "The Elf by Sir William Goscombe John". www.victorianweb.org. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  18. ^ "Writers' memorial, Llansannan". historypoints.org. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  19. ^ Cadw. "'The Girl' Memorial Statue (22062)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  20. ^ "Tomb of Dean Vaughan". Victorian Web. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  21. ^ Historic England. "Seated statue of William, 7th Duke of Devonshire, KG, PC, DCL, FRS (1808/1891) (1043674)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  22. ^ Historic England. "Sir Arthur Sullivan Memorial (1238072)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  23. ^ "War Memorials Register, Wigan and District – South African War – Original (Lost)". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  24. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Springburn Park, Staue of James Reid (Category B Listed Building) (LB33297)". Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  25. ^ Historic England. "Prince Christian Victor of Schleswig-Holstein Monument (1117677)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  26. ^ Cadw. "Statue of T.E. Ellis (25995)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  27. ^ "War Memorials Register: Coldstream Guards – Boer War". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  28. ^ "War Memorials Register, Royal Army Medical Corps – South African War". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  29. ^ Historic England. "Royal Army Medical Corps Boer War Memorial (1393807)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  30. ^ Cadw. "Hughes Memorial (22742)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  31. ^ "Welsh History Month: Corris Roadside Memorial". Wales Online. 20 May 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  32. ^ "War Memorials Register, King's Liverpool Regiment Boer War". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  33. ^ Historic England. "Monument to the King's Liverpool Regiment (1073470)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  34. ^ "War Memorials Register: Journalists – South African War". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  35. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cape Town" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 252.
  36. ^ Cadw. "Statue of John Cory (13692)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  37. ^ Daniel Lleufer Thomas (1912). "Cory, John" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography (2nd supplement). 1. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 424.
  38. ^ Cadw. "Statue of Gwilym Williams of Miskin (13735)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  39. ^ "Judge Gwilym Williams". Victorian Web. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  40. ^ "War Memorials Register, 2nd Battn Royal Sussex Regiment, 1882 to 1902". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  41. ^ Historic England. "Bronze statue of Royal Sussex Regiment ... (1043677)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  42. ^ Robert Steele (1912). "Jones, John Viriamu" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography (2nd supplement). 2. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 281.
  43. ^ Daniel Llenfer Thomas (1912). "Lewis, Richard" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography (2nd supplement). 2. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 464.
  44. ^ Cadw. "Statue of Godfrey, First Viscount Tredegar (13665)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  45. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Wellington Square, Monument to Sir James Fergusson of Kilkerran (Category B Listed Building) (LB21823)". Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  46. ^ William Lee Warner (1912). "Fergusson, James" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography (2nd supplement). 2. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 20.
  47. ^ Reginald Lucas (1912). "Saunderson, Edward James" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography (2nd supplement). 3. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 272.
  48. ^ "The Boy Scout". Victorian Web. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  49. ^ Cadw. "Lewis Edwards memorial outside Penllwyn Calvinistic Methodist Chapel (24029)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  50. ^ Cadw. "Charles Rolls, Monmouth (2229)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  51. ^ Historic England. "Statue of Thomas Sutton in front of Founder's Court, Charterhouse School (1044500)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  52. ^ "War Memorials Register, Engine Room Heroes (Titanic Memorial)". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  53. ^ Historic England. "Memorial to Heroes of the Marine Engine Room (1209973)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  54. ^ Historic England. "Monument of Edward VII (1068224)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  55. ^ Richard E Huws (1983). "Wales' Top Ten". 100 Welsh Heroes. Archived from the original on 9 September 2005. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  56. ^ "War Memorials Register: Lieutenant Colonel A Carteret-Thynne". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  57. ^ Historic England. "Statue of Field Marshal Viscount Wolseley (1357125)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  58. ^ John Blackwood (1989). London's Immortels. The Complete Outdoor Commemorative Statues. Savoy Press. ISBN 0951429604.
  59. ^ Cadw. "Statue of Lord Ninian Edward Crichton-Stuart (13693)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  60. ^ "War Memorials Register: Capt HB Knott and Maj JL Knott DSO – Tablet". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  61. ^ Cadw. "Pedestal and Statue of "Caradog" (10865)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  62. ^ "The Minto Panels". The Victorian Web. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  63. ^ Cadw. "War Memorial and surrounding terrace and walls (10425)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  64. ^ "War Memorials Register, Lampeter". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  65. ^ "War Memorials Register: Port Sunlight and Lever Brothers Ltd Employees". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  66. ^ Historic England. "Port Sunlight War Memorial (1343491)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  67. ^ Catherine Jones (31 October 2014). "Port Sunlight war memorial grant Grade I listed status". liverpoolecho.co.uk. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  68. ^ Cadw. "Statue of David Lloyd George (3843)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  69. ^ Edward Morris & Emma Roberts (2012). Public Sculpture of Cheshire and Merseyside (excluding Liverpool). Public Sculpture of Britain. 15. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. ISBN 978-1-84631-492-6.
  70. ^ Historic England. "Statue of Sir John Brunner in front of Research Lab., Winnington Works (1161131)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  71. ^ Cadw. "Statue of Thomas Edwards (10311)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  72. ^ "Statue of Thomas Charles Edwards". Hither & Dither. 27 July 2012. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  73. ^ Cadw. "Great War Memorial in gardens of the Town Hall (11964)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  74. ^ "War Memorials Register, Llanelli". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  75. ^ "War Memorials Register: The Response 1914". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  76. ^ Historic England. "War Memorial (The Response) (1186201)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  77. ^ "War Memorials Register: Penarth". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  78. ^ Cadw. "Cenotaph (13340)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  79. ^ "War Memorials Register: Royal Welch Fusiliers". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  80. ^ Cadw. "Royal Welch Fusiliers memorial (1746)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  81. ^ "War Memorials Register, Carmarthenshire". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  82. ^ Cadw. "The War Memorial and stone seat (82207)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  83. ^ "War Memorials Register: Llandaff and Llandaff Cathedral School". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  84. ^ Cadw. "Llandaff War Memorial (13703)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  85. ^ Historic England. "Christ Church (1075492)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 September 2021.
  86. ^ Cadw. "Statue of James Rice Buckley (13698)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  87. ^ "War Memorials Register: Basil Webb". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  88. ^ Cadw. "Evan and James James Memorial (24841)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  89. ^ "Evan James and James James Statues". Hither & Dither. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  90. ^ "Anthem writers' memorial". historypoints.org. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  91. ^ Cadw. "Statue and Plinth of Harry Seymour Berry (11443)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  92. ^ Cadw. "Cathedral Church of St John the Evangelist (6998)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  93. ^ John Newman (1995), Glamorgan, The Buildings of Wales, Penguin, p. 252
  94. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, ed. 1911, vol. 24, p. 505, Plate IV.
  95. ^ Sculptures on Electra House Victorian Web. Retrieved 20 November 2012
  96. ^ Grief Victorian Web. Retrieved 19 November 2012
  97. ^ Queen Alexandra Victorian Web. Retrieved 20 November 2012
  98. ^ Reredos in St John the Baptist Church Victorian Web. Retrieved 20 November 2012
  99. ^ Merlin and Arthur Victorian Web. Retrieved 19 November 2012
  100. ^ Some works held by the National Museum of Wales National Museum of Wales. Retrieved 19 November 2012
  101. ^ Memorial Relief to the late Canon Guy D.D Victorian Web. Retrieved 19 November 2012
  102. ^ Walter Armstrong (1912). "Swan, John Macallan" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography (2nd supplement). 3. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 455.
  103. ^ Reginald Lucas (1912). "Stanley, Frederick Arthur" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography (2nd supplement). 3. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 383.
  104. ^ Daniel Llenfer Thomas (1912). "Morris, Lewis" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography (2nd supplement). 2. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 652.

External links[edit]