Water Eaton Lane, Gosford
|Population||1,373 (parish, including Water Eaton) (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Website||Gosford and Water Eaton Parish Council|
Gosford is a village immediately southeast of Kidlington, Oxfordshire, England. It is in the civil parish of Gosford and Water Eaton. The 2011 Census recorded Gosford and Water Eaton's parish population as 1,373.
Gosford seems to have been a township of the parish of Kidlington until 1142, when the manor of Gosford was granted to the Order of Knights Hospitaller. The Order held it until the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the 16th century. In the 16th century Gosford was administered with Water Eaton. The toponym "Gosford" is derived from Old English and means "goose ford". It was recorded as Goseford in 1242–46 and Goseforde in 1316.
There has been a bridge across the River Cherwell at Gosford since at least 1319, when it was recorded in a patent roll. In 1395 it was recorded as Gosefordebrugge. In the 16th century the antiquarian John Leland noted that it was a stone bridge. In the 17th century the cartographer John Ogilby recorded it as Offord Bridge. In the 17th century "Mr. Richard Washington, gent" (died 1670) maintained a school at Gosford. In 1838 a penny post station was opened in Gosford. There was a full post office by 1847 that remained until 1853. Gosford and Water Eaton civil parishes were merged in 1932. In the same year a secondary school, Kidlington Church of England Central School, was founded in Gosford. It is now Gosford Hill School.
Stagecoach in Oxfordshire bus route S5 and Diamond bus route 250 serve Bicester Road. Route S5 is a direct service between Oxford and Bicester that runs seven days a week. Route 250 also links Oxford and Bicester, but runs via various villages including Upper Heyford. Route 250 runs from Mondays to Saturdays, mostly at hourly intervals. It has no late evening service, and no service on Sundays or bank holidays. Numerous Oxford Bus Company and Stagecoach bus routes serve Oxford Road, which forms Gosford's western boundary with Kidlington Garden City. Buses that serve Bicester Road or Oxford Road link Gosford with Oxford Parkway railway station, which is at Water Eaton, about 1 mile (1.6 km) south of Gosford.
- "Gosford and Water Eaton Parish". nomis. Durham University for the Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
- Crossley & Elrington 1990, pp. 179–183.
- Gelling 1954, p. 266.
- Jervoise 1932, p. 154.
- Crossley & Elrington 1990, pp. 211–212.
- Historic England. "Kings Arms public house and attached mounting block (Grade II) (1045790)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- "The King's Arms Kidlington (sic)". Mitchells & Butlers. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
- "Kidlington (sic)". J Sainsbury. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- "Service S5: Bicester - Kingsmere/Bicester Village - Bicester Park and Ride - Gosford - Oxford" (PDF). Stagecoach. 7 March 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
- "250 Bicester to Oxford". Diamond. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
- Crossley, Alan; Elrington, CR, eds. (1990). "Kidlington: Introduction". A History of the County of Oxford. Victoria County History. 12: Wootton Hundred (South) including Woodstock. London: Oxford University Press for the Institute of Historical Research. pp. 179–213. ISBN 978-0-19722-774-9.
- Gelling, Margaret (1954). Smith, AH (ed.). The Place-Names of Oxfordshire, Part II. XXIV. based on material collected by Doris Mary Stenton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press for the English Place-Name Society.
- Jervoise, Edwyn (1932). The Ancient Bridges of Mid and Eastern England. III. Westminster: The Architectural Press for the SPAB.
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