From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
A goshala at Guntur, Andhra Pradesh.

Gaushalas or Goshalas (Hindi: गौशाला, romanizedgauśālā) are protective shelters for cows in India. Goshalas focus on treating cows well, because of their religious significance in Hinduism and consequent cultural sensitivity towards their welfare.


Goshala, a Sanskrit word ("Go" means cow and "Shala" means a shelter place: Go + Shala = shelter for cows), means the abode or sanctuary for cows, calves and oxen.[1]

Goshala at Chandigarh
Gaushala in Sector 45, Chandigarh


India's first goshala is thought to have been established in Rewari by Raja Rao Yudhishter Singh Yadav.[2][3] There are now goshalas all over India.

The first Gaurakshini sabha (cow protection society) was established in Punjab in 1882.[4] The movement spread rapidly all over North India and to Bengal, Bombay, Madras presidencies and other central provinces. The organization rescued wandering cows and reclaimed them to groom them in places called gaushalas. Charitable networks developed all through North India to collect rice from individuals, pool the contributions, and re-sell them to fund the gaushalas. Signatures, up to 350,000 in some places, were collected to demand a ban on cow sacrifice.[5] Between 1880 and 1893, hundreds of gaushalas were opened.[6] Today, Punjab Gaushala Mahasangh coordinates these activities in the Punjab.

United Kingdom[edit]

The UK's only Goshala is New Gokul, located at the Hare Krishna temple in Bhaktivedanta Manor.[7][8]

United States of America[edit]

The United States's first Goshala started at Gita Nagari Farm and Sanctuary, located in Port Royal, Pennsylvania.[9][10] Another major Goshala is operating in Florida under the name International Society for Cow Protection (ISCOWP).[11] In 2005, students from the University of Memphis, Tennessee established a non-profit organization to protect pure-breed cows imported from India.[12] Lakshmi Cow Sanctuary is located in Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania.[13] There is a cow protection farm in New Talavana, Mississippi.[14] A goshala in Arizona was established on April 7, 2010, in Maricopa, and later moved to San Tan Valley from February 1, 2012.[15][16]

Government support[edit]

Between 2014 and 2016 the Indian government spent 5.8 billion (US$87 million) on cow shelters.[17]

To prevent unproductive cows being sent to the abattoir, the government started the Rashtriya Gokul Mission in mid-2014, a national program that involves constructing havens for retired cows. Proceeds from the animals' bodily waste are intended to pay for their upkeep. In May 2016, the Indian national government held an inaugural national conference on goshalas.

Other Sources of Income[edit]

Donations and tourist events are often important to support the goshalas. For this reason some goshalas are even linked to their own Ashram, offering Yoga and music lessons.[18] The offers of smaller enterprises may include workshops, visits and even retreats, aiming at tourists, interested in spiritualiy, alternative medicine etc.[19]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "300 cattle head for goshala everyday". The Times of India. 2011-08-17. Archived from the original on 2013-11-10. Retrieved 2013-02-06.
  2. ^ Rastogi, Nawal Kishore (2002-04-27). "In stoic silence, historical tanks of Rewari await tourists". Tribune India. Retrieved 2014-01-06.
  3. ^ Satish Chandra Mittal (1986). Haryana, a Historical Perspective. Atlantic Publishers & Distri. pp. 4–. GGKEY:WZ4ZX97B5N2.
  4. ^ The Making of an Indian Metropolis, Colonial governance and public culture in Bombay, 1890/1920, Prashant Kidambi, p. 176, ISBN 978-0-7546-5612-8.
  5. ^ Vishnu's crowded temple, India since the great rebellion, pp. 67-69, Maria Misra, 2008, Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-13721-7.
  6. ^ "Report of the National Commission on Cattle - Chapter I (10. Beginning of mass protests against cow-killings)". Dahd.nic.in. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  7. ^ "Grand Opening Of The Five Star Hilton For Krishna Cows". ISKCON News. 2010-11-12. Retrieved 2014-01-06.
  8. ^ Das, Radha Mohan (2010-11-13). "New Farm Complex at Bhaktivedanta Manor". Vina.cc. Archived from the original on 2014-01-06. Retrieved 2014-01-06.
  9. ^ http://www.theyogafarm.com/2016/05/working-farm-retreats-at-gita-nagari.html
  10. ^ http://btg.krishna.com/bovinely-inspired-new-vrindabans-care-cows
  11. ^ http://www.iscowp.org
  12. ^ https://gaushalausa.org/about.html
  13. ^ http://www.cowprotection.com
  14. ^ https://newtalavana.org/farm/
  15. ^ https://issuu.com/timespub/docs/1016_se_mesa_book/1?e=8633901/39735650
  16. ^ https://www.https Archived 2013-08-19 at the Wayback Machine://www.facebook.com/GOSHALA-Save-The-Mother-Cow-156498881099185/?fref=ts
  17. ^ "Cow urine can sell for more than milk in India". Bloomberg.com. 2016-07-18. Retrieved 2016-09-18.
  18. ^ "Shri Shaktidarshan Yogashram". Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  19. ^ "Experience Dharma Farms". Retrieved 2021-03-01.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Goshala at Wikimedia Commons