Goshogawara City Hall
Location of Goshogawara in Aomori Prefecture
|• Mayor||Masatoshi Hirayama|
|• Total||404.18 km2 (156.05 sq mi)|
|Population (December 31, 2017)|
|• Density||140/km2 (360/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|• Tree||Japanese elm|
|• Flower||Nohanashōbu (iris ensata var. spontanea)|
|• Bird||Oriental greenfinch|
|Address||12 Iwakichō, Goshogawara-shi, Aomori-ken 037-8686|
Goshogawara (五所川原市 Goshogawara-shi) is a city located in Aomori Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 December 2017[update], the city has an estimated population of 55,746 in 25540 households, and a population density of 140 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 404.18 square kilometres (156.05 sq mi).
Goshogawara occupies two discontinuous areas on Tsugaru Peninsula in western Aomori Prefecture. The Iwaki River flows through the city. The larger section is landlocked, and is in the middle of the peninsula. It contains the original town of Goshogawara, and is the population centre of the city, The smaller exclave to the north is on the Sea of Japan coast. Parts of the city are within the limits of the Tsugaru Quasi-National Park. The city has a cold humid continental climate (Köppen Cfb) characterized by warm short summers and long cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Goshogawara is 10.4 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1281 mm with September as the wettest month.The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.4 °C, and lowest in January, at around -1.5 °C.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Goshogawara has declined slightly over the past 40 years.
The area of Goshogawara was part of the holdings of the Tsugaru clan of Hirosaki Domain in the Edo period. After the post-Meiji restoration cadastral reform of 1889, the area became part of Kitatsugaru District, Aomori, and was divided into the village of Goshogawara, Sakae, Miyoshi, Nakagawa, Nagahashi, Nanawa, Matsushima and Itayanagi in 1889. On July 1, 1898, Goshogawara was elevated to town status. On October 1, 1954. Goshogawara absorbed the villages of Sakae, Nakagawa, Nagahashi, Matsushima and Iizume to create the city of Goshogawara. On April 1, 1958, Goshogawara absorbed a portion of the town of Kizukuri.
The economy of Goshogawara is mixed. The city serves as a regional commercial center. Agricultural produce includes rice and apples, and commercial fishing includes clams. The Aomori Technopolis High-Tech Industrial Park is located in the city. 
Goshogawara has 11 public elementary schools and six public junior high schools operated by the city government. The city has schools and five public high schools operated by the Aomori prefectural Board of Education. The city also has two private high schools.
- Goshogawara High School
- Goshogawara Technical High School
- Goshogawara Agriculture and Forestry High School
- Kanagi High School
- Kanagi High School - Shiura Branch
- Goshogawara Daiichi High School
- Goshogawara Commercial High School
- East Japan Railway Company (JR East) - Gonō Line
- Tsugaru Railway
Goshogawara is famous for its Tachineputa Festival, held annually from August 4th to August 8th. The tachineputa floats are much taller than their counterparts in Aomori and Hirosaki, reaching heights of up to 23 meters.
- Tachineputa Museum
- Osamu Dazai Memorial Museum
- Goshogawara Sue Pottery Kiln Site, a National Historic Site
Noted people from Goshogawara
- Osamu Dazai, novelist
- Bunji Tsushima, politician
- Ikuzo Yoshi, Enka singer-songwriter
- Shimizugawa Motokichi, sumo wrestler
- Kashiwado Risuke, sumo wrestler
- Kōji Hirayama, politician
- Daichi Shimoyama, basketball player
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Goshogawara, Aomori.|
- Official website (in Japanese)