Gosizdat was the State Publishing House founded in Russia on 21 May 1919. It was to become one of the principal publishing houses in the Soviet Union. In 1930 it was superseded by OGIZ (Unified State Publishing House).
The decree founding Gosizdat placed all private publishing in Russia under their control. Although publishers were required to submit manuscripts before publication, Gosizdat was remarkably inefficient and was unable to enforce this. The most significant problems were lack of paper and maintaining the printing presses. Also the book trade had been municipalised on Moscow by October 1918, and from April 1919 to autumn 1921 all books were distributed free of charge by Tsentropechat.
- 1919-21 Vatslav Vorovsky
- 1921-24 O. Iu. Shmidt
- 1927-1930 A. B. Khalatov