Gosnells, Western Australia

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Gosnells
PerthWestern Australia
Gosnells hotel.jpg
Gosnells Hotel on Albany Highway
Coordinates32°04′19″S 115°59′42″E / 32.072°S 115.995°E / -32.072; 115.995Coordinates: 32°04′19″S 115°59′42″E / 32.072°S 115.995°E / -32.072; 115.995
Population20,293 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density1,301/km2 (3,369/sq mi)
Established1890
Postcode(s)6110
Area15.6 km2 (6.0 sq mi)
Location20 km (12 mi) from Perth
LGA(s)City of Gosnells
State electorate(s)
Federal division(s)
Suburbs around Gosnells:
Thornlie Maddington Maddington
Huntingdale Gosnells Martin
Southern River Champion Lakes Kelmscott

Gosnells is a suburb located within the City of Gosnells. Gosnells is approx. 20 kilometres south-east of the Perth central business district. It contains the Gosnells town centre which includes the Council offices, library and the Gosnells Railway Station.

History[edit]

The area where Gosnells is located was used by the Nyoongar Aboriginal people for thousands of years before European settlement.[2] In 1829, when the European settlers arrived in Western Australia, farms were established along the Swan and Canning Rivers,[3] significantly changing the landscape and terrain of Gosnells. In 1862, Charles Gosnell of London purchased the surrounding lands of Gosnells from the Davis Family. In 1890, Western Australia experienced an influx of residents from overseas and interstate due to the gold rush in Kalgoorlie and Coolgardie.[4] This resulted in an increased demand for land on the outskirts of Perth and subsequently a group of developers bought the land (named "Canning Location 16") from the deceased estate of Gosnell.[5] In 1907, the name "Gosnells" was adopted for the area.

Since 2000, government investment in the declining town centre has included new Council offices, a library and civic centre, the relocation of the Gosnells train station and the acquisition of blighted commercial properties. These projects have led to a revitalisation of commercial activity and a decline in crime and anti-social behaviour.

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Gosnells is served by Gosnells and Seaforth train stations. These stations are on the suburban Perth to Armadale railway line, with trains departing approximately every 15 minutes to the city. Train services are more frequent during peak periods, with trains departing approximately every 5 to 10 minutes. These services are operated by the state-owned public transport company, Transperth. It takes approximately 23 minutes to travel from Gosnells to Perth by train.

Road[edit]

Albany Highway is the main link to Gosnells from the Perth central business district, and carries traffic northwest into the city, or southeast to Albany.

Bus[edit]

Gosnells has six bus routes, the 210, 211, 220, 228, 231 and the 232. The 210 and 211 goes to Thornlie. The 228 goes to Thornlie, via Maddington. The 231 and 232 goes around Gosnells, also known as the "Gosnells Loop". The 220 from Armadale travel to Gosnells from Perth.

Climate[edit]

Gosnells has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa), like the rest of Perth.

Climate data for Gosnells
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.4
(111.9)
46.0
(114.8)
43.3
(109.9)
39.5
(103.1)
35.5
(95.9)
26.1
(79.0)
27.0
(80.6)
28.0
(82.4)
34.8
(94.6)
38.2
(100.8)
41.5
(106.7)
44.2
(111.6)
46.0
(114.8)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 41.5
(106.7)
40.9
(105.6)
39.2
(102.6)
34.1
(93.4)
29.0
(84.2)
24.3
(75.7)
23.3
(73.9)
24.9
(76.8)
27.9
(82.2)
33.4
(92.1)
37.5
(99.5)
40.2
(104.4)
42.7
(108.9)
Average high °C (°F) 33.0
(91.4)
33.0
(91.4)
30.5
(86.9)
26.5
(79.7)
22.7
(72.9)
19.8
(67.6)
18.7
(65.7)
19.4
(66.9)
20.9
(69.6)
24.1
(75.4)
27.7
(81.9)
30.5
(86.9)
25.6
(78.1)
Average low °C (°F) 18.5
(65.3)
18.8
(65.8)
17.3
(63.1)
14.8
(58.6)
11.7
(53.1)
9.9
(49.8)
8.8
(47.8)
9.0
(48.2)
10.0
(50.0)
11.8
(53.2)
14.5
(58.1)
16.4
(61.5)
13.5
(56.3)
Mean minimum °C (°F) 12.3
(54.1)
13.1
(55.6)
10.9
(51.6)
8.7
(47.7)
6.0
(42.8)
4.4
(39.9)
3.3
(37.9)
3.7
(38.7)
4.6
(40.3)
6.0
(42.8)
9.2
(48.6)
10.8
(51.4)
2.4
(36.3)
Record low °C (°F) 9.5
(49.1)
9.8
(49.6)
6.5
(43.7)
4.0
(39.2)
2.5
(36.5)
0.5
(32.9)
0.5
(32.9)
2.2
(36.0)
2.0
(35.6)
3.2
(37.8)
6.5
(43.7)
8.0
(46.4)
0.5
(32.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 10.8
(0.43)
15.6
(0.61)
16.5
(0.65)
41.7
(1.64)
101.6
(4.00)
164.8
(6.49)
159.9
(6.30)
125.5
(4.94)
79.8
(3.14)
45.2
(1.78)
28.5
(1.12)
11.4
(0.45)
804.3
(31.67)
Average precipitation days 1.9 2.2 3.5 6.3 10.9 14.4 16.2 14.2 11.6 7.7 4.8 2.8 96.5
Average afternoon relative humidity (%) (at 15:00) 38 37 41 48 53 61 61 60 56 49 46 41 49
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[6][7][8]
Temperatures: 1991–2020; Rain data: 1961–2020; Relative humidity: 1992–2010

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Gosnells (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 March 2020. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "City of Gosnells - Gosnells History". Archived from the original on 29 June 2009. Retrieved 22 January 2009.
  3. ^ "History of Perth, Western Australia". Archived from the original on 19 February 2009. Retrieved 22 January 2009.
  4. ^ The Australian Gold Rush Archived 23 September 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "History of Gosnells". Archived from the original on 22 October 2009. Retrieved 22 January 2009.
  6. ^ "Climate statistics for Australian locations – Gosnells City". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
  7. ^ "Monthly highest temperature – Gosnells City". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
  8. ^ "Monthly lowest temperature – Gosnells City". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 16 July 2020.