Gotō, Nagasaki

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Gotō
五島市
City
Douzaki Church
Douzaki Church
Flag of Gotō
Flag
Location of Gotō in Nagasaki Prefecture
Location of Gotō in Nagasaki Prefecture
Gotō is located in Japan
Gotō
Gotō
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 32°42′N 128°50′E / 32.700°N 128.833°E / 32.700; 128.833Coordinates: 32°42′N 128°50′E / 32.700°N 128.833°E / 32.700; 128.833
Country Japan
Region Kyushu
Prefecture Nagasaki Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Ikuko Nakao (since September 2004)
Area
 • Total 420.81 km2 (162.48 sq mi)
Population (January 1, 2009)
 • Total 41,657
 • Density 99/km2 (260/sq mi)
Symbols
 • Tree Ficus superba
 • Flower Crinum asiaticum
 • Bird Japanese white-eye
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City hall address 853-8501
Website www3.city.goto.nagasaki.jp

Gotō (五島市 Gotō-shi?) is a city in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. It comprises the south-west half of the Gotō Islands plus (uninhabited) Danjo and Hizen Torishima archipelagos in the East China Sea. Although the core islands of city lay some 100 kilometers from Nagasaki, the other archipelagos lay 60 km further to South-West. The city consists of 11 inhabited and 52 uninhabited islands. The three main islands of the city are Fukue, Hisaka, and Naru.

As of January 1, 2009, the city has an estimated population of 41,657 and a population density of 99 persons per km2. The total area is 420.81 km2.

History[edit]

The area now comprising Gotō City was a port of call on the trade route between Japan and Tang Dynasty China in the Nara period. Noted Buddhist prelate Kukai stopped at Gotō in 806. The islands came under the control of the Gotō clan from the Muromachi period and was the location of intense European missionary activity in the late 16th century, which converted most of the population to the Kirishitan faith. After the start of the Tokugawa bakufu, the area was part of Fukue Domain in the Edo period. Fukue City was established in 1954. Most of the town was destroyed in a fire in 1962.[citation needed]

The modern city of Gotō was established on August 1, 2004, from the merger of the city of Fukue with the towns of Kishiku, Miiraku, Naru, Tamanoura and Tomie (all from Minamimatsuura District). The population of the area has declined from over 60,000 inhabitants in 1980 due to economic migration and aging population issues.

Climate[edit]

Gotō has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is high throughout the year, and is heavy from April to September.

Climate data for Fukue/Gotō, Nagasaki
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.0
(50)
10.4
(50.7)
13.7
(56.7)
18.3
(64.9)
22.1
(71.8)
24.9
(76.8)
28.7
(83.7)
30.2
(86.4)
27.0
(80.6)
22.5
(72.5)
17.6
(63.7)
12.6
(54.7)
19.83
(67.71)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.9
(44.4)
7.3
(45.1)
10.0
(50)
14.5
(58.1)
18.1
(64.6)
21.4
(70.5)
25.7
(78.3)
26.7
(80.1)
23.4
(74.1)
18.6
(65.5)
13.8
(56.8)
9.1
(48.4)
16.29
(61.33)
Average low °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
3.8
(38.8)
5.8
(42.4)
10.3
(50.5)
14.0
(57.2)
18.1
(64.6)
23.1
(73.6)
23.5
(74.3)
19.9
(67.8)
14.7
(58.5)
9.7
(49.5)
5.3
(41.5)
12.63
(54.73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 111.9
(4.406)
123.3
(4.854)
160.0
(6.299)
258.7
(10.185)
261.2
(10.283)
346.4
(13.638)
313.4
(12.339)
222.6
(8.764)
239.7
(9.437)
106.1
(4.177)
129.1
(5.083)
99.4
(3.913)
2,371.8
(93.378)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 6
(2.4)
4
(1.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
11
(4.4)
Average relative humidity (%) 68 68 69 76 78 84 87 83 79 71 70 69 75.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 80.9 90.3 147.6 155.0 176.9 140.8 162.9 212.3 164.9 173.4 130.9 91.0 1,726.9
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [1]

Events[edit]

Gotō used to host the Ironman Japan Triathlon.[2] The triathlon was established in 2001, and the event was canceled in 2010. Ironman chose not to renew the race for 2011. The city now hosts the Goto Nagasaki International Triathlon using the same course for the previous Ironman event. www.gototri.com

In late summer there is the Bon festival where people gather in the main area of Fukue and hold a parade along with street vendors. The parade features various floats all of which are lit up at night and walked through the town. At the end there is a beautiful firework show.

In winter there (usually held on the 2nd or 3rd weekend of January) is an event called "Hettomatto", also known as the 'naked man race'. Participants run along a course in a fundoshi.

Transportation[edit]

Gotō-Fukue Airport on Fukue serves the city.[3] It was established in 1963 to serve as a regional airport.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fukue Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 5, 2013. 
  2. ^ Ironman Japan Triathlon Goto Nagasaki. Ironman Japan Triathlon Goto Nagasaki. Accessed October 8, 2010.
  3. ^ Gotō Fukue Airport (Japanese) Fukue Airport, Inc. Accessed October 11, 2010.

External links[edit]