All of the south-western area of the district is covered by the Thuringian Forest, with the Großer Inselsberg (916 m) being the highest elevation in the west of the district. To the north there is the Fahner Höhe with many orchards. The Unstrut River forms a short part of the northern boundary of the district.
The coat of arms shows Friedenstein Castle in the top, the largest Baroque building located in the city of Gotha. The wavy line below symbolizes the Leina canal, which was built 1366 to 1369 from Schönau to Gotha, to bring water into the city. The star at the bottom was the symbol of the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.