Gothem Church

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Gothem Church
Gothem kyrka
Gotland GothemKirche 02.jpg
Gothem Church, external view
Gothem Church is located in Gotland
Gothem Church
Gothem Church
Location on Gotland
57°34′31″N 18°44′06″E / 57.5754°N 18.7349°E / 57.5754; 18.7349Coordinates: 57°34′31″N 18°44′06″E / 57.5754°N 18.7349°E / 57.5754; 18.7349
CountrySweden
DenominationChurch of Sweden
Administration
DioceseVisby

Gothem Church (Swedish: Gothems kyrka) is a medieval Lutheran church in Gothem on the Swedish island of Gotland, in the Diocese of Visby.

History[edit]

View of the interior

The presently visible, Gothic church is probably the successor of two earlier churches, the first a stave church or at least a wooden church, which was later replaced by a Romanesque stone church. Rebuilding of the church into its present form was carried out between the early 13th and mid-14th centuries. The church may originally have been built to serve a large farmstead. Since its completion during the 14th century, the church has remained largely unaltered.[1][2]

Architecture[edit]

The church has a tall and slender western towerd which contains 1 bell, built by the anonymous Gothic master builder workshop Master Egypticus, which was active on Gotland during 1330-1380. [3] The nave is divided into two by a single column, and the choir ends in an apse. During a restoration in the 1950s, medieval frescos were uncovered. They now again completely dominate the interior of the church. They are partly designed as imitations of drapery and tapestries, and partly depict biblical scenes and other figures (including knights and footmen fighting). They date from c. 1300 and were probably executed by an anonymous German artist.[1][2]

The church also incorporates a choir bench from the first half of the 14th century and a church bell from 1374; otherwise, most of the furniture is later, Baroque in style.[1][2]

Close to the church are the relatively well-preserved ruins of a defensive tower dating from the 12th century, built as a place for protection for the congregation during times of war or danger.[1][2]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Andrén, Anders (2011). Det medeltida Gotland : en arkeologisk guidebok (in Swedish). Lund: Historiska Media. pp. 185–187. ISBN 978-91-85873-83-8.
  2. ^ a b c d Lagerlöf, Erland (1973). Lagerlöf, Erland (ed.). Gotlands kyrkor (in Swedish). Uddevalla: Rabén & Sjögren. pp. 151–153. ISBN 9129410355.
  3. ^ Roosval, Johnny (1911) Die Kirchen Gotlands, ein Beitrag zur mittelalterlichen Kunstgeschichte Schwedens (Leipzig : E.A. Seeman)

External links[edit]