Gottfrid Larsson

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Gottfrid Larsson

Gottfrid Larsson (November 21, 1875 in Vallerstad in Östergötland, Sweden-December 24, 1947 in Stockholm, Sweden) was a Swedish sculptor.

Biography[edit]

The Worker (1917), bronze statue in Vasaparken in Stockholm.
The Sower (1949), bronze statue at Vallerstad church in Östergötland, where he also is buried. The statue is erected in the churchyard there and Gottfrid Larsson was born in Vallerstad and the parish was his birthplace.

Julius Gottfrid Andreas Larsson was born in 1875 in Narveryd’s farm in Vallerstad in Mjölby Municipality, five kilometer northeast of Skänninge in Östergötland. His father was the farmer Anders Larsson. At the age of 14 he came to Norrköping in Östergötland where he stayed and worked as a wood carver and studied wood-carving (wood-engraving) at the Technical Evening School in 1889-1895. Then he came to Stockholm in 1895 and studied at the Tekniska skolan in Stockholm or Konstfack (Högre konstindustriella skolan) there in 1895-1899. In 1900 he received a travel grant from the Svenska Slöjdföreningen and Kommerskollegium and then he continued his studies in Paris at Académie Colarossi in Paris in 1900-1902. He assisted in the Royal Dramatic Theatre's decoration in Stockholm (Swedish: Kungliga Dramatiska Teatern or Dramaten in Stockholm), and in 1905 he helped Carl Milles with his work for this theatre. The theatre has been at its present location in the Art Nouveau building at Nybroplan in Stockholm since 1908. Famous artists like Carl Milles and Carl Larsson were involved in making the decorations, and some of the interior decorations were made by Prince Eugen. After that Larsson continued his studies in Munich in 1905-1906 and he spent 1906-1907 in Italy.

Studies in Paris[edit]

With the great scholarship from the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts he continued to study in France, and he mostly lived in Paris during the years 1908-1913, with visits to England, Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands. During his time in Paris he got to know some other Swedish artists, who also studied at the Académie Colarossi[1] in Paris. There were, among others, his artist fellows Erik Tryggelin (1878–1962) and David Wallin (1876–1957). They all became friends for life from their time together in Paris. Académie Colarossi was an art school founded by the Italian sculptor Filippo Colarossi. At this time it was located in 10 rue de la Grande-Chaumière in the 7th arrondissement of Paris. During his time in Paris Gottfrid Larsson married the Norwegian woman Karen Sofie Waaler in 1911, and she became Mrs. Karen Larsson.

Foundation of an Art School in Stockholm[edit]

From 1913 Larsson was working in Stockholm. In 1920 Gottfrid Larsson founded a painting school together with his art college, the painter and graphic artist Edward Berggren (1876–1961),[2] who had also studied together with him at the Tekniska skolan in Stockholm, now Konstfack (Högre konstindustriella skolan). Both Gottfrid Larsson and Edward Berggren were from Östergötland.

Edward Berggren had studied at the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts in Stockholm during the years 1897-1903. Edward Berggren had been the head of Althins målarskola[3] in Stockholm during the years 1919-1920, and in 1920 Edward Berggren established an own, private art school in Stockholm together with his friend Gottfrid Larsson, Edward Berggrens målarskola (Edward Berggren art school).[4] In 1956 the artist Idun Lovén (1916–1988) took over the school and ran it to 1988. The school is nowadays owned by Konstskolan Idun Lovén AB and since 2004 the school has its place in Årsta, a suburb in Stockholm.

Exhibitions[edit]

Gottfrid Larsson participated in exhibitions, among others in Saint Petersburg 1908, Munich 1909 and in San Francisco 1915. In 1935 Gottfrid Larsson had an exhibition in Konstnärshuset,[5] together with the Swedish artist and designer Arthur Percy (1886–1976).[6] Gottfrid Larsson’s fellow artist David Wallin arranged some of his exhibitions in Skänninge, an old built-up area from the medieval period, 5 km from Vallerstad in Östergötland, where Gottfrid Larsson was born.

Represented[edit]

Works in a Sculpture Museum Studio in Vadstena[edit]

In Vadstena, in Skänningegatan 9, there is a sculpture museum called Gottfrid Larsson gården (Gottfrid Larsson garden),[8] where the visitor can get acquainted with his work. After Gottfrid Larsson’s death in 1947 his wife Karen Larsson bought the so-called Möllergården[9] in Skänningegatan 9 in Vadstena. In 1953 she donated the whole garden and the sculpture collection, consisting of 125 sculptures, to Vadstena Municipality. In 1979 the garden was opened to the public and Gottfrid Larsson’s many works could be exhibited.[10]

Gottfrid Larsson died on Christmas Eve, December 24, 1947, in Stockholm. He is buried in Vallerstad church cemetery,[11] outside the town Skänninge in Östergötland.

Artistic works[edit]

Among his early works are:

  • Mörkret flyr ljuset (Darkness Flees the Light), (Paris, 1902), an electrical candelabra;
  • Kyssen (The Kiss), bronze;
  • Toskanska (Tuscany Woman), marble;
  • Carl Robert Lamm and his wife Dora Lamm, portrait busts of Carl Robert Lamm (1856–1938) and his wife Dora Lamm, marble;[12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19]

From Gottfrid Larsson’s stay in Italy (1906–1907) and Paris (1908–1912):

  • Gammal florentinare (Old man from Florence), marble;
  • Florentinskt original (Florence Character), granite;
  • Brutal kraft (Brutal Strength), bust, bronze, these were exhibited in 1912;

Other examples of Gottfrid Larsson’s sculptures are:

  • Vid källan (By the Spring) and other female sculptures in marble;
  • Min moder (My mother), marble;
  • Oscar Montelius, black granite, Oscar Montelius (1843–1921), a Swedish archaeologist and custodian of national monuments;[20][21][22][23]

Public sculptures to look at today[edit]

  • Valsverksarbetare (Workers in a Rolling Mill), monumental group, exhibited in 1909 in the competition about industry monument, was placed in Södra folkparken, Stockholm in 1924;
  • Valsverksarbetare (Workers in a Rolling Mill) (1910) in Överums Bruk in Kalmar municipality, Småland;
  • Arbetaren (The Worker) (1917), bronze statue in Vasaparken, Stockholm;
  • Arbetaren (The Worker) (1917), copy in the factory mill park in Lövstabruk, Uppland;
  • Man och kvinna (Man and Woman) (1920);
  • Sjöjungfru och sjöhästar (Mermaid and Sea Horses) (1920), fountain in Järnvägsparken in Linköping;
  • Såningsmannen (The Sower) (1946), at Östgöta nation in Uppsala University;
  • Såningsmannen (The Sower) (1949), at Vallerstad church cemetery in Östergötland;
  • and moreover there are some portrait busts and decorative sculptures in Norrköping town hall and granite sculpture in Handelsbanken at Drottninggatan and Kungsgatan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gottfrid Larsson i Vem är det, Svensk biografisk handbok, 1933
  2. ^ Edward Berggren (Swedish)
  3. ^ Althins målarskola in Stockholm (Swedish)
  4. ^ Edward Berggrens målarskola (Swedish)
  5. ^ Konstnärshuset (Swedish)
  6. ^ Arthur Percy (Swedish)
  7. ^ Moderna museet Stockholm, Visitor information, Guided tours, Public guided tour
  8. ^ Gottfrid Larsson gården (Swedish)
  9. ^ Möllergården Gottfrid Larsson's widow bought Möllergården on October 5, 1948 and named it Gottfrid Larsson-gården.
  10. ^ Visualarkiv
  11. ^ Vallerstad church with the bronze statue The Sower by Gottfrid Larsson
  12. ^ Portrait busts, all of them at Näsby castle. This information is from Vem är det, 1933. Carl Robert and his wife Dora Lamm (born Upmark) owned Näsby castle during the years 1902-1926. Carl Robert Lamm married Dora Upmark (born 1880) in 1900.
  13. ^ Konsttjusaren på Näsby slott
  14. ^ http://runeberg.org/vemardet/1925/0425.html Carl Robert Lamm, ingenjör och godsägare, Näsby slott.
  15. ^ Slottsherren Carl Robert Lamm i Näsby var kommendör och riddare samt ägare av Sveriges största silversamling. Näsby slotts mest kände slottsherre är Carl Robert Lamm. En omfattande konstsamling byggdes upp, med italienska skulpturer och tavlor av kända konstnärer av bl.a. Bruno Liljefors och Anders Zorn och Carl Milles, som med sin omfattande konstsamling har bidragit till att sprida slottets anseende. En del såldes, men fortfarande finns konstverk av dessa konstnärer att beskåda.
  16. ^ Om Carl Larssons oljemålning av fru Dora Lamm och hennes två söner
  17. ^ Carl Larssons oljemålning av fru Dora Lamm och hennes två äldsta söner (1903) Idag finns oljemålningen att beskåda på Länsmuseet i Gävleborgs län, Gävle.
  18. ^ På sidan 8 (av 24 sidor) finns en bild av Carl Larssons oljemålning av fru Dora Lamm med söner.
  19. ^ Nationalmuseums utställning Hemma – Skandinaviska interiörer i konsten
  20. ^ Bust of Oscar Montelius, sculptured by Gottfrid Larsson, now in Skänninge town museum (Skänninge rådhus, Skänninge stadsmuseum) in Östgergötland.
  21. ^ Oscar Montelius (English)
  22. ^ Oscar Montelius was a Swedish archaeologist and custodian of national monuments, member of the Swedish Academy in 1917-1921 on chair number 18.
  23. ^ Oscar Montelius in Nordic Authors

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]