Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus
He was a proponent of the theory of the transmutation of species, a theory of evolution held by some biologists prior to the work of Charles Darwin. He put forward this belief in the first volume of his Biologie; oder die Philosophie der lebenden Natur, published in 1802, the same year similar opinions were expressed by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.
Treviranus was born in Bremen and studied medicine at Göttingen, where he took his doctor's degree in 1796. In 1797 he was appointed professor of medicine and mathematics at the Bremen lyceum. In 1816, he was elected a corresponding member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In 1834, he was the first to identify rod and cone photoreceptor cells in the retina using a microscope.
His younger brother, Ludolph Christian Treviranus (1779–1864) was also a botanist.
- Biologie; oder die Philosophie der lebenden Natur für Naturforscher und Aerzte, 1802-1822.
- Beiträge zur Lehre von den Gesichtswerkzeugen und dem Sehen des Menschen und der Thiere, 1828.
- Beiträge zur Aufklärung der Erscheinungen und Gesetze des organischen Lebens (with Ludolph Christian Treviranus), 1835-1838.
- Google Books From Natural Philosophy to the Sciences: Writing the History of Nineteenth edited by David Cahan
- London Medical and Surgical Journal, Volumes 11-12 (biography)
- WorldCat Search (publications)
- "Author Query for 'G.Trevir.'". International Plant Names Index.