From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Gounder is a title used by various communities originating in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.[1] It may refer to Kongu Vellalar, Uralis, Kurumbas, Vanniyar, Vettuvars [2][3]


There are number of derivations for the title. One theory derives it from the Tamil word Kaamindan, meaning 'noble protector of the country', later modified as Kavundan or Gounder.[4]


During the British Raj era, some Gounders migrated to Malayan rubber plantations to work in the kangani system.[5]


  1. ^ "Gounder consolidation could pose headache to major parties". The Times Of India. 21 May 2009.
  2. ^ "காங்கிரஸில் ... வன்னியர் தலைவரான மாணிக்கவேல் நாயக்கர், Vanniyar leader Manikavel Naicker". Dinamani (in Tamil). Retrieved 15 December 2011.
  3. ^ Burkhart, Geoffrey (1974). "Equal in the Eyes of God: A South Indian Devotional Group in its Hierarchical Setting". Contributions to Asian Studies. Brill Academic. 5: 8. ISBN 9789004039674. For example, the term 'Gounder' may denote a person of Vellalar, Vanniyar
  4. ^ Madhvan, Karthik (2 August 2008). "Steeped in history". Frontline. Chennai, India: The Hindu Group. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2011.
  5. ^ Basu, Raj Sekhar (2011). Nandanar's Children: The Paraiyans' Tryst with Destiny, Tamil Nadu 1850 - 1956. SAGE. p. 137. ISBN 978-81-321-0679-1.