Gourma-Rharous Cercle

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Gourma-Rharous Cercle
Gourma Rharous.jpg
Location of the Cercle of Gourma-Rharous in Mali
Location of the Cercle of Gourma-Rharous in Mali
Country Mali
RegionTombouctou Region
Admin HQ (Chef-lieu)Gourma-Rharous
Area
 • Total45,000 km2 (17,000 sq mi)
Population
 (2009 census)[2]
 • Total111,386
 • Density2.5/km2 (6.4/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
Gourma Rharous cercle

Gourma-Rharous Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Tombouctou Region of Mali. The administrative center is the town of Gourma-Rharous.

The route of the annual circular migration of the Gourma elephants crosses a number of communes in the cercles of Gourma-Rharous and Douentza (Mopti Region). Lake Banzena (15°40′00″N 2°35′30″W / 15.66667°N 2.59167°W / 15.66667; -2.59167) in the commune of Bambara Maoudé serves as an important source of water for the elephants at the end of the dry season (April to June). [3][4][5]

The cercle is divided into nine communes:[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Synthèsis des 108 Plans de Securité Alimentaire de la Région de Tombouctou 2006-2010 (PDF) (in French), Commissariat à la Sécurité Alimentaire, République du Mali, USAID-Mali, 2006.
  2. ^ Resultats Provisoires RGPH 2009 (Région de Tombouctou) (PDF) (in French), République de Mali: Institut National de la Statistique, archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-22
  3. ^ Community engagement at Lake Banzena, Wild Foundation, 2011, retrieved 7 May 2012.
  4. ^ Blake, S.; Bouché, P.; Rasmussen, H.; Orlando, A.; Douglas-Hamilton, I. (2003), The Last Sahelian Elephants: Ranging Behavior, Population Status and Recent History of the Desert Elephants of Mali (PDF), Save the Elephants, archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-05-11.
  5. ^ Canney, S.; Lindsey, K.; Hema, E.; Douglas-Hamilton, I.; Martin, V. (2007), The Mali elephant initiative: synthesis of knowledge, research and recommendations about the population, its range and the threats to the elephants of the Gourma (PDF), Save the Elephants, archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-05-11.
  6. ^ Loi N°99-035/ du 10 Aout 1999 Portant Création des Collectivités Territoriales de Cercles et de Régions (PDF) (in French), Ministère de l'Administration Territoriales et des Collectivités Locales, République du Mali, 1999, archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-09.
  7. ^ Communes de la Région de Tombouctou (PDF) (in French), Ministère de l’administration territoriale et des collectivités locales, République du Mali, archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-09-19.

Coordinates: 16°05′N 1°45′W / 16.083°N 1.750°W / 16.083; -1.750