Gourma-Rharous Cercle

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Gourma-Rharous Cercle
Gourma Rharous.jpg
Location of the Cercle of Gourma-Rharous in Mali
Location of the Cercle of Gourma-Rharous in Mali
Country  Mali
Region Tombouctou Region
Admin HQ (Chef-lieu) Gourma-Rharous
 • Total 45,000 km2 (17,000 sq mi)
Population (2009 census)[2]
 • Total 111,386
 • Density 2.5/km2 (6.4/sq mi)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Gourma Rharous cercle

Gourma-Rharous Cercle is an administrative subdivision of the Tombouctou Region of Mali. The administrative center is the town of Gourma-Rharous.

The route of the annual circular migration of the Gourma elephants crosses a number of communes in the cercles of Gourma-Rharous and Douentza (Mopti Region). Lake Banzena (15°40′00″N 2°35′30″W / 15.66667°N 2.59167°W / 15.66667; -2.59167) in the commune of Bambara Maoudé serves as an important source of water for the elephants at the end of the dry season (April to June). [3][4][5]

The cercle is divided into nine communes:[6][7]


  1. ^ Synthèsis des 108 Plans de Securité Alimentaire de la Région de Tombouctou 2006-2010 (PDF) (in French), Commissariat à la Sécurité Alimentaire, République du Mali, USAID-Mali, 2006 .
  2. ^ Resultats Provisoires RGPH 2009 (Région de Tombouctou) (PDF) (in French), République de Mali: Institut National de la Statistique 
  3. ^ Community engagement at Lake Banzena, Wild Foundation, 2011, retrieved 7 May 2012 .
  4. ^ Blake, S.; Bouché, P.; Rasmussen, H.; Orlando, A.; Douglas-Hamilton, I. (2003), The Last Sahelian Elephants: Ranging Behavior, Population Status and Recent History of the Desert Elephants of Mali (PDF), Save the Elephants .
  5. ^ Canney, S.; Lindsey, K.; Hema, E.; Douglas-Hamilton, I.; Martin, V. (2007), The Mali elephant initiative: synthesis of knowledge, research and recommendations about the population, its range and the threats to the elephants of the Gourma (PDF), Save the Elephants .
  6. ^ Loi N°99-035/ du 10 Aout 1999 Portant Création des Collectivités Territoriales de Cercles et de Régions (PDF) (in French), Ministère de l'Administration Territoriales et des Collectivités Locales, République du Mali, 1999 .
  7. ^ Communes de la Région de Tombouctou (PDF) (in French), Ministère de l’administration territoriale et des collectivités locales, République du Mali .

Coordinates: 16°05′N 1°45′W / 16.083°N 1.750°W / 16.083; -1.750