Gourmanché language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Gourmanchéma Aman
Native toBurkina Faso, Togo, Benin, Niger
EthnicityGurma people
Native speakers
900,000 (1999–2012)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3gux

Gourmanchéma (Goulmacema, Gourma, Gourmantche, Gulimancema, Gulmancema, Gurma) is a major language of the Gurma people spoken in Burkina Faso, northern Togo and Benin, and Niger.

All nouns in the language are classified into eight classes, identified by their prefixes and suffixes in both singular and plural. All mass nouns, states of existence, languages, for example, begin with the prefix mi- and end with the suffix -ma (that is, they take the circumfix mi—ma), as in blood (misuama), water (minyima), sand (mitambima), fire (mifantama), existence (miyema), state of being crazy (migadima), Gourmantché language (migourmantchema). All trees have a set of circumfixes bu—bu and i—di in the singular and plural, as in busaabu (shea tree) and isaandi (shea trees).


  1. ^ Gourmanchéma Aman at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Gourmanchema". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.