A gourmand is a person who takes great pleasure and interest in consuming good food and drink. A gourmand has also been defined as a person who is "a glutton for food and drink", a person who eats and drinks excessively. 
The word has different connotations from the similar word gourmet, which emphasises an individual with a refined discerning palate, but in practice the two terms are closely linked, as both imply the enjoyment of good food.
Another alternative use has gained popularity among parfumes and fragrance designers. In this realm, gourmand is a category of scents related to foods, such as cocoa, apple, or plum.
Regarding the latter usage of the term, there is a parallel concern among the French that their word for the appreciation of gourmet cuisine (gourmandise) is historically included in the French Catholic list of the Seven Deadly Sins. With the evolution in the meaning of gourmand (and gourmandise) away from gluttony, towards the appreciation of good food, French culinary proponents are advocating that the Catholic Church update the said list to refer to "gloutonnerie" rather than "gourmandise."
Henri Brispot's A gourmand
- Ligue des Gourmands, founded by Auguste Escoffier in 1912
- Gourmand World Cookbook Awards, created by Edouard Cointreau in 1995
- Brein, M.; Keller, T. (2013). Travel Tales of Michael Brein: My Best 100:. The Travel Psychologist Travel Tales Series. Michael Brein Incorporated. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-886590-27-4.
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- Merriam-Webster, Inc (1984). Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Synonyms: A Dictionary of Discriminated Synonyms with Antonyms and Analogous and Contrasted Words. A Merriam-Webster. 범문사. p. 295. ISBN 978-0-87779-341-0.