Governess of the Children of France

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The Governess of the Children of France (sometimes the Governess of the Royal Children) was office at the royal French court during the Pre-Revolutionary France and the Bourbon Restoration. She was charged with the education of the children and grandchildren of the monarch. The holder of the office was taken from the highest ranking nobility of France. The governess was supported by various under-governesses (sous gouvernantes).

Governesses of the Children of France[edit]

The Duchess of La Ferté-Senneterre with the Duke of Anjou on her lap and the Duke of Brittany, François de Troy.
Engraving of Victoire de Rohan with Madame Royale overlooked by a painting of Marie Antoinette, unknown artist.

Children of Francis I of France[edit]

Children of Henry II of France[edit]

Children of Charles IX of France[edit]

  • 1572-1578: Isabelle de Crissé.[3]

Children of Henry IV of France[edit]

Children of Louis XIII[edit]

Children of Louis XIV[edit]

Children of the Grand Dauphin[edit]

  • 1682-1691 : Louise de Prie, (1624-1709), Marquise of Toucy, Duchess of Cardona

Children of the Duke of Burgundy[edit]

Children of Louis XV[edit]

Children of Louis, Dauphin of France[edit]

Children of Louis XVI[edit]

Children of Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Robert J. Knecht, Hero or Tyrant? Henry III, King of France, 1574-89
  2. ^ Susan Broomhall, Women's Medical Work in Early Modern France
  3. ^ Jacqueline Vons, Pauline Saint-Martin, [Vie et mort de Marie-Elisabeth de France (1572-1578), fille de Charles IX et Elisabeth d’Autriche http://cour-de-france.fr/article744.html?lang=fr], 2010 (http://cour-de-france.fr/article744.html)
  4. ^ wife of Philippe de La Mothe-Houdancourt
  5. ^ daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Cardona and older sister of Madame de Ventadour
  6. ^ daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Cardona
  7. ^ Anne Julie was the wife of Jules, Prince of Soubise and as such, grand daughter "in law" of La Ventadour
  8. ^ daughter of Hercule Mériadec, Duke of Rohan-Rohan and Anne Geneviève de Lévis, grand daughter of the Duchess of Ventadour
  9. ^ Daughter of Jules, Prince of Soubise and a great grand daughter of the Duchess of Ventadour
  10. ^ great great grand daughter of the Duchess of Ventadour