Govardhan

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Govardhan
town
Govardhan is located in Uttar Pradesh
Govardhan
Govardhan
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 27°30′N 77°28′E / 27.5°N 77.47°E / 27.5; 77.47Coordinates: 27°30′N 77°28′E / 27.5°N 77.47°E / 27.5; 77.47
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Mathura
Elevation 179 m (587 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 22,576
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 281502[2]

Govardhan or Goverdhan is a key pilgrimage centre in India and a municipal town; a nagar panchayat ; seat of a MLA Member of Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh; a Tehsil, in Mathura district in the India in state of Uttar Pradesh. About 23 kilometres from Mathura, the town is on the road link between Mathura and Deeg.[3]

Geography[edit]

Govardhan is located at 27°30′N 77°28′E / 27.5°N 77.47°E / 27.5; 77.47.[4] It has an average elevation of 179 metres (587 feet). Goverdhan has been made Tahseel in Mathura District by the Uttar Pradesh government.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census, Govardhan had a population of 22,576. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Govardhan has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 52%. In Govardhan, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.[1]

Govardhan Hill[edit]

Krishna lifting the Govardhan Hill

Each year Hindus and other people make a pilgrimage to Govardhan, and its sacred Govardhan Hill, from other places in India and other places in the world to offer their obeisance to Krishna and Radha, key figures in Indian epics. One of these, celebrated at the Govardhan Puja, is of the lifting of Govardhan Hill (Giriraj Parvat) to protect the villagers from the flood caused by the Lord of thunder and rain, Indra.[5][3] One of the most important day in Goverdhan is Guru Poornima (also called "Mudia Poono").[citation needed] Following the festival of lights, or Diwali, the previous day, devotees come to Govardhan for parikrama.[5]

Sites on the hill include Kusum Sarovar, Haridev Temple,[3] and other temples like Daan-Ghati Temple and Mukharbind Temple. The town is also famous for its 21 kilometers long Parikrama of the famous Govardhan Hill.

Mansi Ganga

The town also houses Mansi Ganga, a close-ended lake.[3] On the banks of this lake, there are quite a few temples, prominent among them the Mukharbind temple.[citation needed]

Transportation[edit]

Govardhan is located about 150 kilometres (93 mi) from Delhi, where the airport is located. A railway station is located at Mathura, where taxis can be hired to reach the town,[5] which is about 23 kilometres (14 mi) away. There are also tourist buses[3] and a single line electric train for the journey from Mathura.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Govardhan (Mathura in Uttar Pradesh)". City Population. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  2. ^ "Goverdhan, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh". pincode.net.in. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Travel to Goverdhan". Maps of India. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Govardhan
  5. ^ a b c Amit Sengupta (16 June 2015). "Spiritual Soujourn in Govardhan". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  6. ^ "Departures from Goverdhan (GDO)". indiarailinfo.com. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Govardhan at Wikimedia Commons